CLST 107: Week Two Notes
CLST 107: Week Two Notes CLST 107
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tristen Pennington on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLST 107 at University of New Mexico taught by Luke Gorton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classics at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Understanding Myth (Ch. 1) Tuesday, September 6, 2016 2:45 PM Types of Myths True myth: about major gods. Saga: rooted in history. Legend: like saga, about real people or events. Folktale: entertaining adventure story. Fable: animal tale with morals. Myth Time: Greeks believed in mythic past, where Gods and humans interacted more openly. Myth Theories Rationalization: where nature is explained through myth. (ex: lightning is Zeus' thunderbolt) Metaphorical Interpretation: to ﬁnd deep meanings, symbolism. Allegory: metaphorical interpretation, symbolism. Internalist: metaphorical connection of myths to humans Externalist: reaction to external environment. Myths about society, culture, and nature. Nature: explains meteorological and cosmological things, weather, seasons, and stars. Charter: connected to human personal life, gives reasoning for following or believing. Aetiological: explains origin of animals, plants, rivers, mountains, etc. Ritualist: connected to religion Structuralist: most important aspect is how things are put together, and used as communication to solve disputes. (ex: male/female, mind/body, life/death.) Archetypes Personalities that are everywhere; idealized patterns that are universally accepted. Proposed by Carl Jung. Ex: The Hero, The Wise Old Man, The Great Mother, The Divine Child, etc. Tidbits: Deity: idealized, extreme humanity Gods are immortal, always young and beautiful. Worshipped at temples and shrines. Honored by statues, hymns, and sacriﬁce. Cosmogonies and Theogonies (Ch. 2) Thursday, September 8, 2016 2:56 PM Cosmogonies Creation of universe. Union of Heaven and Earth: One of ﬁrst events to occur, when sky and earth meet. Depicted as marriage. Importance of Primal Waters: presence of life giving water. Struggle in Heaven: tale of war in heaven between gods or divinities. Civilization is a Divine Gift: gods have a purpose for creating humans. Theogonies Creation of gods. (Hesiod.) 1.Chaos: nothingness. 2.Gaia: Earth, mother of all living things. Power of fertility, reproduction, and procreation. 3.Tartaros: Underworld. 4.Eros: sexual desire. Force of procreation. Gaia and Ouranos Gaia creates Ouranos (sky) to marry and create children. Sacred marriage: Father sky marries Mother earth. Gaia gives birth to the twelve titans, three cyclopes, and three hecatoncheires. (Hundred arms.) Cronos overpowers Ouranos Ouranos hates his ugly offspring, and shoves them back into Gaia. This angers her so she calls on her titan offspring to revolt against Ouranos. Cronos hates Ouranos and cuts off his genitals and throws them into the sea. Aphrodite is born from this, as well as Eros and Himeros.
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