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History 1200

by: Turah Eddie

History 1200 CLS 1600 - 03

Turah Eddie
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Week 1 Read (summary)
J. Marchand
Class Notes




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Turah Eddie on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLS 1600 - 03 at Wright State University taught by J. Marchand in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
History 1200 Week 1 Chapter 1. Started the Modern Era Renaissances and reformation (1350-1563) Renaissances period roughly from 1350 to 1500 -Greater western history -Age of self-conscious revival -brought back ideas, moral values, art, and civic mindness Two High Points of the Western Culture * Periclean Athens *Republican Rome Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) -he claimed Italian artist have restored thinkers, perfected art and Philosophy. After thousand years of barbaric Act. Rier Paolo Vergerio (1370-1444) -He insisted on studying classical liberal arts can bring society up from decay of the medieval times. “Una Rinascita” was rebirth Rebirth or Culmination? Not everyone agreed with Giorgio Vasari and Pier Paolo Vergerio. It took a while to catch on with the French. Rinascita to Renaissances. John Ruskin (1819-1900) -A English writer used the term in his Architecture book, The stories of Venice (1851) Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) (Father of Humanism) -First Renaissance writer, reminiscence for the past Rome and Athens in an open letter. Three Elements Characteristically associated with the Renaissances Classicism Early Christian monastic life, monks were directed to study roman poets. I was mean to learn Latin before given access to scriptures and patristic literature. Works of Aristoteles, Ptolemy, Galen, and Euclid. Scholars of the Renaissance broadened their knowledge by seeking out long-lost manuscripts. Renaissance approach to the classic was a passionate conviction that they contained all that humans have best thought and best expressed. It wasn’t possible for them to be educated without knowing the wisdom of the ancients. Humanism Develop human potential, to value the particular, and to assert the inherent dignity of each person. StateCraft Independent of people who comprise it and following it on norms and rules. It evolved understanding system and law, taxation, and economy. It involved the complexities of diplomacy and negotiation the mechanism of the crowd control, the manipulation of public opinion, and the knowledge of when to deceive or to exert force. Giotto Di Bondone (1267-1337) History 1200 Week 1 -an artist that was into naturalistic, 3d style of depiction. Masaccio (1401-1428) -painted “The Holy Trinity”, was marked the maturity of the new technique. Scholars wrote in Latin, even though it wasn’t common, to seem more aristocratic. Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola (1463-1494) -a young man of great and diverse learning. He gave the most famous Renaissance of humanism. The political and economic matrix Renaissance root in Urban Italy -Italy was far more develop country in Europe, followed by Southern France and Eastern Spain. -Was rule by the Holy Romans in the 10 Century, Italy willing accepted. Once they left, Italy went back to it Republican Independence. Political Transformation of Italian City- States -Italian unique scene helped paved the way for the Renaissance. By the 1400 cities had developed between the Urban Aristocrats and the mercantile and banking families of the burgher class. 1350-1450 – (the first half, roughly, of the Renaissance 1450- 1550- (the second half) small government Ex. Medici family Risen throught the ranks in banking and textiles come to political power after 1400’s Cosimo De Medici (1434-1464) Three Generation Piero De Medici (1464-1469) Lorenzo De Medici (1469-1492) *They governed a pretend Republic. Later became the hereditary dukes of Florence (later became to Archduchy) Leo X (1513-1521) Family Members on the Papal Throne Clement VII (1523-1534) Leo XI (1605) Papal = Pope’s Thrown Visconti Family & Sforza Family Visconti followed the same trajectories taking ducal title in 1369 until the line died out in 1447. Sforza family (of peasant origins with several generation of mercenary soldiers thrown in) took over and governed by 1535. D’este Family Held local politics since 1264, won ducal title in 1452 (and another in 1471) and held on until 1597. History 1200 Week 1 Gonzaga Family Ruled without stop from 1328 to 1708 wealth and power in these city states, made possible elaborate systems of patronage, gave tremendous boost to intellectual and artistic life. Wealthy families commissioned place such as libraries, mausoleums, market squares, etc. which gave opportunities for scholars, artist, and architects. Some cities like Bologna, Milan, Florence had lost half to three fourths of their population. Economic Inequality Even in depressed economy, concentrations of capital exist and often grow, as long the possessor is lucky or clever (or corrupt) enough to seize the opportunities. Venice Arsenal- Its shipbuilding factory, employed three thousand laborers at the start of the 15 century. In the renaissance it was unlucky to be a farmer or a simple workman. The Renaissance Achievement Art and intellectual life trend to thrive when supported. Giovanni Aurispa (1376-1459) -Sicilian humanist, rushed to Constantinople to bring back two hundred manuscripts that would have been burned. 1400 -Florence opened up library for people to borrow books and not have to read them on site. Johannes Gutenburg (1440) -Invention of the printing press allowed books to pour over Europe. Aldus Manutius (1450-1515) -celebrated humanist publisher The Triumph of Vernacular Literature Vernacular Literature also began to appear on print. Vernacular Literature – the speak of “common people” Ludovico Ariosto’s (1474-1533) -Immense, and immensely entertaining, mock epic Orlando Furiosio (Crazed Roland) Giovani Boccaccio (1313-1375) -wrote the first Italian novel called Filocolo. Pierto Arentino (1492-1556) -known in his lifetime as the “Scourge Princes” for willingness to blackmail employer if they underpaid. His best play was La Cortigiana (The woman Coutier) History 1200 Week 1 Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) -great play in this era La Mandragola (The Mandrake Root). He was a very controversial during his time. He wrote the Prince (1513). Marsilio Ficino (1433-1499) -celebrated Philosopher, he spent his time at the Medici Court. Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) -came from a noble family. Served as a personal aid and confidante to marquis of Mantua and then duke of Urbino. He is remembered for the Coutier (1528)


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