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Bio 106 D, NOS 4, Week 2

by: Lydia Laws

Bio 106 D, NOS 4, Week 2 BIO*106*D

Marketplace > Elon University > Biology > BIO*106*D > Bio 106 D NOS 4 Week 2
Lydia Laws
Elon University

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About this Document

These notes cover antiscience, bioethics, the definitions of theory and law as well as what BMAA is in the ALS case study.
Biology: The Science of Life
Kathleen Gallucci
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Laws on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO*106*D at Elon University taught by Kathleen Gallucci in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Biology: The Science of Life in Biology at Elon University.

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Date Created: 09/08/16
Nature of Science 4: Antiscience and Bioethics Theory vs. Law  Theory: A well-substantiated explanation that is broader than a hypothesis. o They have not been shown to be false o But it explains multiple observations o It is never disproved, but can be improved o A theory is a body if knowledge that explains a phenomenon o Theories seek to increase understanding on something  Example: The Cell Theory states that all living organisms consists of cells that were from preexisting cells.  Law: A generalized statement about how some aspects of the natural world behaves under certain circumstances. o After observations it is considered an obvious fact.  Example: Laws of Gravity; it is obvious that when a pear falls off of a tree it is going to hit the ground. It cannot be denied that truth.  Fact: An observation that has been repeatedly confirmed. Antiscience: Rejects everything in science as well as the scientific method.  A position of critical science.  Personal beliefs, political agendas, biases and popular beliefs influence conclusions  BDK questions for Antiscience: o 1. How reliable is the source of claim? o 2. Does the source make similar claims? o 10. Are personal beliefs driving the claim? Bioethics: Is the combination of ethical, legal and social issues that are from biomedical research.  This branch also includes medical ethics and is mainly concerned in studying public health  Two main viewpoints in bioethical debates: o Deontological Systems: Rightness or wrongness of the act depends on the act itself, not the consequences of it. o Utilitarian System: Acts are judged right or wrong according to the consequences. BMAA  Found in flying foxes and cycads  A non-protein amino acid  A neurotoxin  Produced by cyanobacteria


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