Bio 106 D, NOS 4, Week 2
Bio 106 D, NOS 4, Week 2 BIO*106*D
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lydia Laws on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIO*106*D at Elon University taught by Kathleen Gallucci in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Biology: The Science of Life in Biology at Elon University.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
Nature of Science 4: Antiscience and Bioethics Theory vs. Law Theory: A well-substantiated explanation that is broader than a hypothesis. o They have not been shown to be false o But it explains multiple observations o It is never disproved, but can be improved o A theory is a body if knowledge that explains a phenomenon o Theories seek to increase understanding on something Example: The Cell Theory states that all living organisms consists of cells that were from preexisting cells. Law: A generalized statement about how some aspects of the natural world behaves under certain circumstances. o After observations it is considered an obvious fact. Example: Laws of Gravity; it is obvious that when a pear falls off of a tree it is going to hit the ground. It cannot be denied that truth. Fact: An observation that has been repeatedly confirmed. Antiscience: Rejects everything in science as well as the scientific method. A position of critical science. Personal beliefs, political agendas, biases and popular beliefs influence conclusions BDK questions for Antiscience: o 1. How reliable is the source of claim? o 2. Does the source make similar claims? o 10. Are personal beliefs driving the claim? Bioethics: Is the combination of ethical, legal and social issues that are from biomedical research. This branch also includes medical ethics and is mainly concerned in studying public health Two main viewpoints in bioethical debates: o Deontological Systems: Rightness or wrongness of the act depends on the act itself, not the consequences of it. o Utilitarian System: Acts are judged right or wrong according to the consequences. BMAA Found in flying foxes and cycads A non-protein amino acid A neurotoxin Produced by cyanobacteria