AMH2010 Week 3 Notes
AMH2010 Week 3 Notes AMH 2010
University of Central Florida
Popular in U.S. History 1492-1877
Popular in History
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Montcrieff on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2010 at University of Central Florida taught by Dr. John Sacher in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1492-1877 in History at University of Central Florida.
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Date Created: 09/08/16
(Tuesday) Colonial Society 1. Paper #1 2. Middle Colonies 3. Similarities and Differences o Slavery o Land o Politics o Relationship with England o Religion . Paper #1 Basic Information: According to Eric Foner (author of your textbook), “Pennsylvania came to be known as ‘the best poor man’s country.’ Ordinary colonist there enjoyed a standard of living unimaginable in Europe.” (Give Me Liberty, 119) Do you agree with the assessment that Pennsylvania was “the best poor man’s country”? What do you think? Was it for all? For some? For none? Use at least 1 source (primary) and write 3-4 pages. Underline thesis. . Use Chapter 3 Thinking Through the Past by: Hollitz. All primary sources for Pennsylvania can be found there. . . . Pennsylvania: William Penn negotiates with the Native americans Quakers are more Democratic people Penn advertises more than any of the other colonies . Why don't you see slavery in Pennsylvania? Trick question! There is some but it's very small. There isn’t a tremendous need to bring in more people or more labor (lots of people are coming on their own) Quakers (become the first abolitionists eventually) are people extremely against slavery Enough land for everyone Wheat is a crop where you have periods of need for lots of labor and then periods of nothing (the crop determines what kind of labor is best) . Southern Colonies slave societies main rationale: produce a crop for market (economics) ethnic mix: White and African becomes more healthy and settled eventually; male-female ration evens out) . Northern Colonies main rationale: religion, trade (moves toward economic over time) society with slaves but not a slave society (by 1740 there are 60,000 slaves in Virginia) (in pennsylvannia only 2,000 slaves) ethnic mix: New England (middle colonies have more variety) more settled and more healthy from the outset . . White AA %AA New England 349,029 10982 3.1 Middle 248,515 19240 7.2 Upper south 307,596 166198 35.1 Lower south 2,9200 40000 57.8 . . Similarities: all colonies are growing slavery slave rebellions Native American resistance desire for land . Total Population of the 13 colonies: 1700 250,000 1750 1.1 million 1770 2.1 million . "Was there resistance to slavery? Undoubtedly." In most places slaves did not work on Sunday (religious thing) . Stono Rebellion South Carolina (1739) Slaves are a majority in SC. They had to choose a place to escape to before planning a rebellion. Could possibly escape to Spanish Florida (mixed race society) Passes a law for white men to bring guns to church: slaves had some sort of idea about what was going on and rebel in between the time the legislation is proposed and passed. slaves are seen as a piece of furniture . Gemy(?) and some slaves from a plantation find weapons. 60-100 slaves are involved typically break into a store, kill the owner, and seize the weapons (pretty successful at first) get 10 miles outside of Charleston and take a break (don’t know why) colonial militia is called and come armed on horseback rebellion is put down in one day app. 20 whites killed 40 African Americans killed (might be much higher) . 50 AA will be hanged in the future simply for fear of another rebellion . . (1741) New York 9,000 slaves app. 20% of the pop. Fires start in NY someone is captured fleeing the Governor's home they torture the slave and demand to give up his accomplices execute 30 African Americans and deport 100 to suppress a potential “slave rebellion" because we're so intelligent . King Philip’s War (1675) Massachusetts More Native resistance in Virginia than in the North "no king and possibly no war, but we still call in King Philip’s War (?)" Even in a society that wants to covert Native Americans (aka help them), there is conflict. Europeans wanted: Native Americans to be like them (live, pray, eat) Native Americans wanted: White people to fuck off . . John Sassilo (?) Native that converted to European life goes to the governor of Masgechustes and says “The Native Americans are preparing for an attack" Governor says: “We can’t believe anything an Indian says." . Main tactic of warfare: burn the towns. 90 towns in Massachusetts 52 attacked 12 completely destryed both sides kill civilians and torture . 1876 NA allies capture King Phillip. Cut off his hands, head, chop his body in 4 pieces. Colonists are victorious. One of the deadliest wars in US history based on population Of 52,000 people, 3,000 die = 6% of the pop. pushed settlement back 30 years . . . (Thursday) Colonial Society and the English World View 1. Who is my grader? 2. Similarities/Differences o Slavery??? o Land o Role of Woman o Politics 3. Relationship with England . Key to a social identity: being independent own land people cannot tell you what to do Dependent: indentured servants/slaves . Property owning is fundamental in the US . 1750- Appalachian Mountains and the French are problems for Westward Expansion . Were the US colonies a capitalist society? Was slavery a capitalist idea? - questions historians ask . The average colonist in the North or South was a small farmer who owned their own land. #1 goal of that farm was Subsistence: making enough food, supplies, and spinning enough clothing to get by. Having a lot of children gives you more labor to produce more products. . Subsistence Plus+ Agriculture: "plant more wheat than you need so you can sell it when you have a wheat surplus" always look to your family’s survival first work is for men and woman question comes “what is the role of woman in the economy" . Colonial Age is sometimes called The Golden Age by historians because woman had a better chance to own land when all the men were dying. . Woman cannot vote anywhere no political identity no legal identity wife or mother (only identity) worked still role in the Invisible Economy . Invisible Economy Economy based on Bartering: essentially trade Woman were a major part of the Invisible Economy and almost never paid or held transactions baed on money . Martha Ballard (end of the colonial period 1735 Maine): Married at age 19 Has 9 children 1756-1779 Becomes a midwife (birth delivery was at home) 816 children delivered between 1785-1812 kicked major ass behind the scenes like wtf 816 babies answers medical calls, makes herbs for medicine was almost never paid in money o paid in cloth o eggs o shoes . Deferential society: “they have more money so they sit in the front and I have to sit in the back" The wealthy people were elected into office (regardless of how many votes) . Voted out loud in public. o vote for someone who has lots of land wealthy someone you have an economic relationship with vote for rich people who prove they are one with the people and "don’t act rich" . Treating: have a political event before election day. Provide food or drink to people. Bribery. 1758- Washington supplied 160 gallons of liquor to 391 voters "I'm rich as hell, but I swear I'm just like you common folk haha lol :)" -George Washington at some point probably . You have to pretend you don’t really want to run for office if you want people to elect you. . Triangular Trade: (not a triangle but okay) Colonies, Europe, Africa or West Indians All looking for wealth and are obsessed with the Atlantic . Mercantilism: main political economy theory of the colonial period. Fixed amount of wealth. o your power and prestige as a nation is based upon how much of that wealth you control o essentially means: you gain, someone else looses o 1500 Spain is wealthiest country in the world (gold and silver) . Navigation Acts: regulate and place restrictions on trade (taxes included). They want to make sure that the economic engine of the colonies can power and benefit England. Enforced Mercantilism. Molasses Act 1733: "on each gallon of molasses, there is going to be a tax of 6 pence per gallon" o it was cheeper to bribe the inspectors than pay the tax . Salutary (helpful) Neglect (negative): neglect that ends up being extremely beneficial to the colonies Its not until 1755 that regularly scheduled Europeans ships are on schedule 1768- you actually have 1 particular office put in charge of the colonies finally Literally takes Europe years to get their shit together and organize the colonies . What did Europeans think of the Colonies? 1721- they have the legitimate opportunity to declare themselves a free state . 3 types of colonies: royal (owned by England) proprietary (owned by individual) charter (owned by company) By the time of the American Revolution, most colonies were owned by The Crown (England) . . No taxation without representation: Idea of the American Revolution. “If England decides to up the taxes, we will complain." . Governor: didn’t want to move to the colonies political action was in England wants to make money and move up in the King’s favor wasn't around very much and lacked power that the King had: “Power of Patronage" can’t give out land or appoint people basically a useless job literally has no power . Power is invested in the Colonial Legislature due to the Governor position sucking^ . Actual Representation: the only people who can tax you are the people you voted for. Representation is based on population. “In Congress, you vote based on the wants of your district." Virtual Representation: "all British are virtually the same” and “every member of Parliament represents all people of England." . . 1685 Dominion of New England: New Jersey, New York area English King decides to stop ignoring the colonies and proposes: stronger military leader in the colonies Anglican church will be placed here (get rid of Puritans) want to end salutary neglect The colonies are pissed. They send people to talk to the King 1680 Glorious Revolution- Parliament gains power over King. Parliament wins the fight and gives up fighting the colonies in New England. No bloodshed. o Parliament doens't care about the colonies o Just want to send a blow to the King