New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

ANSC 2000 notes, set 7

by: Kaitlyn Elliott

ANSC 2000 notes, set 7 ANSC 2000 - 001

Kaitlyn Elliott

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

This set of notes covers information about companion rodents, ferrets, & lagomorphs. There are highlights that refer to important information that sticks out other than the memorization section.
Companion Animal Management
Carolyn E Huntington
Class Notes
animal, Science
25 ?




Popular in Companion Animal Management

Popular in Animal Science

This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Elliott on Thursday September 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 2000 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Carolyn E Huntington in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Companion Animal Management in Animal Science at Auburn University.

Similar to ANSC 2000 - 001 at AU


Reviews for ANSC 2000 notes, set 7


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/08/16
ANSC 2000 notes 8 Companion Rodents, Ferrets, & Lagomorphs Key Terms: 1. Crepuscular­active in twilight 2. Coprophagy­ eat their own feces for dietary needs 3. Malocclusion­ teeth don’t meet evenly 4. Diurnal­active at night 5. Monogamous­one mate at a time 6. Polyestrous­ having more than one estrous cycle during a specific time 7. Polygamous­ more than one mate at a time 8. Pododermatitis­ inflammation of the feet 9. Alopecia­baldness 10. Granivorous­eat seeds & grains 11. Cecotrophs­produce feces pellets they should eat 12. Lymphoma­cancer of the lymphocytes 13. Thrombocytopenia­ deficiency of platelets in blood 14. Photoperiod­time of exposure to light 15. Dyspnia­ difficulty to breathe 16. Dystocia­obstructed labor 17. TMJ­ temporomandibular joint 18. Harderian gland­gland behind eyeball produces red secretion resembling blood when  animal is stressed or sick 19. Pinkies­ hairless rats after birth 20. Ad libitum­ for pleasure, not required ______________________________________________________________________________ Memorize:  Chinchillas: - Adult males are bucks - Females are does - Young are kits  Gerbils: - Incomplete Circle of Willis unique to them (collection of arteries that come  together at base of brain) - >90 species  Guinea Pigs: - Called cavies (Family: Caviidae) - Males are called boars - Females are called sows  Hamsters: - Notorious escape artists so solid­bottom caging with bedding preferred   Ferrets: - Illegal to keep as pets in some states due to exaggerated fear of killing wildlife,  biting, or spreading disease - Highly adaptable carnivores - Males are hobs - Females jills - Young are kits  Rabbits: - Males are bucks - Females are does - Rank 5  in livestock meat production  Mice & Rats: - 1000 species - Good pets for apartments that don’t allow cats or dogs or where there isn’t  sufficient space for most pets and are less expensive ______________________________________________________________________________ Important Information:  Scientists in Uruguay found fossil remains of a herbivorous 2,000 lb. rodent that lived 2  million­4 million years ago in South America Chinchillas:  Herbivorous rodent with broad head & large ears that is native of Andes Mountains of  South America (related to the guinea pig)  Dwell in rocky burrows & crevices in groups up to 100 - Family groups of 2­5 share the same burrow  Valuable furs make them a target for trappers  Clean & nearly odorless animals with soft, dense fur that is naturally a smoky blue grey  color - Color variations include white, silver, beige & black  Often used in biomedical research of human ear since anatomical structure & hearing  range is similar  Crepuscular & nocturnal   Each foot has 4 digits  Teeth grow continuously throughout life  Chatter, sit erect, & urinate at threat with pelvic thrusts when threatened  Active & prefer large cages for climbing and dust baths - Cages should include shelves for climbing o o  Optimum temperature is 68 F, but >80 F is upper tolerance level  Hind­gut fermenters  Sensitive to dietary changes (need high fiber)  Restrain by grasping base of tail  - Can be carried by base of tail for short distances - Can cup one hand under abdomen while holding base of tail & grip one hand over back of neck with other hand supporting the rear legs  Sexually active at 8 months of age - Season breeders from November to May  Polyestrous cycles averaging 41 days and gestation length of 111 days  Females are large and more aggressive than males  Ranchers have a unique breeding system where females are individually housed side by  side with a connecting tunnel running behind and into each cage - Females are fitted with a collar to prevent entering tunnels while males have none  Diseases: 1. Gastrointestinal disorders  - Most common problems causing constipation as result of diet too low in  fiber - Treatment of laxatives & increasing percent of fiber in diet 2. Bloat - Result of inability to vomit causing a swollen abdomen, lateral  recumbency, & dyspnea - Treatment: emergency veterinary decompression 3. Malocclusion - Hereditarily grow teeth continuously  - Treatment: trim teeth & don’t breed those affected 4. Integumentary disease - Ringworm is most common 5. Bite wounds - Group­housed animals will fight particularly when females aren’t  receptive to breeding and males can’t escape 6. Fur rings - Can prevent penis from retracting and can result in urinary obstruction and death 7. Bacterial diseases - Streptococcus, Pasteurella, Clostridium, Listeria, etc. 8. Conjunctivitis - Caused by dust baths Gerbils:  Gerbils first brought to US in 1954 for medical research in brucellosis, tuberculosis,  stroke, leprosy, rabies, etc.  Adult gerbils don’t tolerate new cage mates and will kill o  Creouscular & diurnal with a natural habitat as dry & harsh an environment as ­58 F to  77 F so must conserve water efficiently   They spend a considerable time burrowing - Foot stomping when alarmed or excited  Incomplete Circle Willis enabled them for stroke research because if one artery is  blocked, but the brain compensates from others  Mark territory by rubbing ventral marking gland near umbilicus over objects (male &  female)  Monogamous breeding pairs should be permanently established before 10­12 weeks old  since sexually mature at 10 weeks - Males & female should remain together at all times where both will build nests &  care for young - Gestation period is 25 days with 4­5 young born per litter  Presence of mature animals will retard sexual development of same­sex offspring  Require minimal care where they drink little water & excrete little urine - Obtain most of daily water requirement through foods ingested  Commercial rodent chow should be fed ad libitum where they naturally eat seeds, grains,  & roots - Don’t practice coprophagy  Best housed in solid­bottom aging with bedding for burrowing  Restrain by grasping base of tail  Diseases: 1. Malocclusion of incisors - Trim teeth every 2 weeks 2. Epileptic seizures - Black gerbils most prone (genetic) 3. Nasal dermatitis (sore nose) - Territory: house gerbils on sand 4. Degloving - Skin pulling off tail exposing bone & must amputate 5. Tumors - In aged gerbils; ovarian cysts Guinea Pigs:  Short, stocky animals with no tail that originated from South America  Short legs, unfurred ears, 4 digits on front feet & 3 on rear  Bred for food consumption for >3000 years  Classified as rodents (most closely related to chinchillas & porcupines than rats)  Crepuscular, nonburrowing, & strictly herbivorous   Low odor & quiet behavior  Used in biomedical research for immunology, genetics, infectious diseases, & nutrition   Fussy eaters and may starve to death if diet is changed  Form male­dominant hierarchies when housed in groups, but fighting rarely occurs  Tendency to freeze & scatter if startled commonly causing injury from jumping out of  cages or falling off objects  Use solid­bottom cages with bedding - Very messy animals that defecate in feed & water if feed not dispensed  appropriately  Water is best provided using bottles with sipper tubes  Bred monogamous or polygamous - Sexually active at 30 days, but breeding should be postponed until 3­4 months of  age  Gestation length: 68 days  Diseases: 1. Pneumonia - Transmitted from rabbits & dogs and caused by bacteria Bordetella 2. Antibiotic­induced enterotoxemia  - Penicillin & related compounds alter intestinal flora resulting in  overgrowth of gram negative bacteria - Symptoms include anorexia, rapid weight loss, dehydration, & death 3. Parasitic - Mites causing severe itching & self­mutilation  - Lice are species specific & not transmissible to humans  Miscellaneous Diseases: 1. Vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) - Require vitamin C with fresh fruits & vegetables o Diet can’t be replaced with other vitamin - Symptoms include spontaneous hemorrhage, swollen joints, & anoerexia 2. Malocclusion 3. Pododermatitis - Results from housing on rough surfaces such as wire 4. Alopecia - Action from dominant animal 5. Kidney Disease 6. Dystocia - If females bred for 1  time after 7 months of age Hamsters:  Most common pet is golden or Syrian hamster - Golden hamster origin from Middle East (Syria)  Natural environment is dry, rocky areas with tunnels deep underground  - Provide cool temperature & higher humidity   Near extinction in natural environment of Syria (last captured in 1980)  Reddish golden brown color with loose skin, blunt nose, 4 digits on front, 5 in rear, & a  short tail  Nocturnal but awake for short periods of time in the day  Adults weigh 3­5 oz. and females are larger than males  Well­developed cheek pouches on either side of head used for transporting food back to  tunnel for storage and even for females to carry entire litter  In natural habitat, adults live singly in a burrow therefore they are territorial & will fight  others - Females dominant to males  Respond favorably through frequent handling, but must give them warning before  picking up because they bite when startled  Solid­bottom caging with bedding preferred  Granivorous & will hoard food & place in the corner of cage - Also practice coprophagy o  Tolerate cold very well and will enter pseudohibernation at temperatures below 48 F  Diseases: 1. Lymphoma - Caused by viral agent 2. Hamster Enteritis Complex - Bacterial caused disease describing several diarrhea­causing diseases - Proliferative ileitis (acute disease is manifest by lethargy, anorexia,  irritability, ruffled hair, diarrhea, dehydration, & death), Tyzzer’s  disease (severe abdominal pain & diarrhea), & clostridiosis (antibiotic  associated disease) 3. Kidney failure - Common age­related cause of death 4. Artrial thrombosis - Blood clots develop in heart of aged hamsters Ferrets:  Living wild ancestors include North American Black Footed ferrets, skunks, weasels, &  minx  Research purposes of infectious diseases, physiology, endocrinology, & embryology  Easily housebroken  Predators adapted to rapid, convoluted movements in narrow spaces  Weigh 1­4 lbs.  Each foot has 5 digits with nonretractable claws   Simple stomach & short intestinal tract typical of carnivores - Ferrets can vomit  Paired anal glands (scented, yellow liquid expressed if threatened) contributing to musky  odor of male ferrets  Sebacceous glands in skin (under androgen control) contribute significantly to odor and is reduced following castration  Few sweat glands causing an inability to tolerate heat above 80 F  Reach puberty at 8­12 months - Breading season March through August - Seasonally polyestrous  - Ovulate 30­40 hours after copulation - Gestation period 41­42 days, but if no pregnancy a pseudopregnancy will follow  for up to 40­43 days  Gestation lasting >42 days leads to dystocia; cesarean   ½ of pseudopregnant jills remain in estrus & develop estrogen­caused bone marrow  suppression & thrombocytopenia that may be fatal even if treated  Litter of 8­10 kits  Respond to gentle handling & may be picked up, but to restrain you must scruff the neck  with one hand & restrain the rear legs with the other hand (most relax or go limp & yawn  when scruffed) - Digital pressure on TMJ will cause them to release bite  May be housed in a cage part­or full time, or roam house - Like to chew on things & climb into furniture crevices  Will use litter pan  Wire­walled cages with solid bottoms are best o o  Prefer temps. Between 39 ­64 F  Shade, fresh water, & good ventilation needed if housed in warmer areas (can overheat at 80 F)  Strictly carnivorous with simple stomach, short intestinal tract, rapid transit time  Eat several times & day & can be fed ad libitum - Commercial ferret feed or quality cat food mixed w/ liver ok & prefer poultry  meat over beef or fish  Breeding cages should be in a quiet area & contain a nest box with bedding   Coitus is active where the male drags jill while biting her neck which elicits ovulation  Orphaned young can be raised on kitten or puppy milk replacers  Diseases: 1. Canine distemper - Fatal but can vaccinate against 2. Influenza - Passed to & from humans 3. Rabies - Vaccinate 4. Bacterial infections 5. Mites - Affect ears & feet 6. Intestinal Parasites 7. Heartworm disease - Mosquitoes; need routine heartworm medicine 8. Fungal diseases Rabbits:  Domestic rabbits evolved in Europe & North Africa - Feral populations still exist, notably in Australia  All other lagomorphs (cottontails, hares, etc.) don’t breed with European/domestic rabbits  Herbivorous & crepuscular  Various weights, hair coat types, hair colors, & breeds rd  Lightweight bones, functional 3  eyelid, wide field of vision, & good light sensitivity  Teeth continuously grow & constantly wear down  Simple stomach with long intestines 10 times length of body  - Have a cecum  Chew food to powder size before swallowing  Induced ovulators  - Ovulate 9­13 hours after copulation  Natural photoperiod with autumnal infertility  - Receptivity year­found with artificial lighting  Live 5­10 years depending on diet  Breed within hours of kindling & can lactate & be pregnant simultaneously  - Does may produce 7­25 litters with 7­8 young per litter  Can inflict scratches with rear feet or may bite - Male rabbits may castrate one another  Mating occurs within minutes usually & pseudopregnancies can occur  May thump one rear foot if fearful or aroused   Can be housetrained   Digest some fiber; optimal level 13­17% crude fiber - Digest ~70% plant­origin products - Ingest directly from anus vitamin & protein­rich cecotrophs  Food changes must be gradual otherwise microbial populations may change & cause  fatality  Some antibiotics (penicillins) may also disrupt intestinal flora & cause enterotoxemia  Males have a rounded, donut­shaped, protruding urinary opening  Penis can be everted by applying digital pressure  Bucks are sexually mature at 4­5 months  Does are receptive for 7­10 days - Vulva is swollen & reddened  Gestation: 29­34 days - Require a nest box with shavings or straw  Young delivered at night, hairless & blind - Rabbits may produce 40+ young per litter  Diseases: 1. No common viral diseases - Those around are fatal with no commercially available vaccines 2. Bacterial Diseases  - Pasteurellosis (carried in mouth & respiratory system) & clostridial  enterotoxemia 3. Parasitic diseases - Protozoals - Fleas, ticks, lice, flies & mites - Fungals Mice & Rats:  Class: Mammalia  Order: Rodentia  Short live span: 2­3 years  Rat’s incisors grow continuously   Special harderian gland  Have no gallbladder but do produce bile  Large surface area relative to body weight  Gestation: 21­23 days  Begin breeding at 60 days of age  Litter sizes average 6­12 pups - At birth, pups are hairless “pinkies” - Eyes are closed until 14­17 days of age - Weaned at 3 weeks  Rats are picked up by closing fingers around the chest, but don’t pick them up by the tail  since it could pull skin off  - Don’t enjoy being petted  Provide proper food, shelter & protection from diseases  Rodent diets available at pet stores  Provide water by bottle with sipper tube  Enclosures should be made of wire, stainless steel, plastic or glass since wood could be  gnawed & is difficult to clean  Prefer temperatures between 65­85 F  Need 12­hour light/dark for successful breeding  Diseases: 1. Parasites, bacteria & viruses  - Mites & worms are common health concerns 2. Respiratory diseases - Most common problem 3. Tumors - Particularly mammary 4. Dental problems - Malocclusion ..\Pictures\Set 7 Crossword.png ­spaces included


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.