PY 101 PY 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Bartolomeo on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by TBA in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Test 2 Material Language Development Learning Objectives Discuss the basic units of language Identify the brain areas involved in language Explain how language develops in infancy What is Language? Language: a system of communication using sounds and symbols according to grammatical rules Language is made up of two primary units: o Morphemes: smallest language units that have meaning including suffixes and prefixes o Phonemes: basic sounds of speech, making them building blocks of language; letters Syntax and Semantics o Syntax: rules of speaking, without syntax our communication would fall apart o Semantics: meaning of words and phrases Saying ma’am in the south is respectable but saying it up north refers to an old woman 4,000 languages in the world Language and the Brain Broca’s area and Wernicke’s Area o Broca’s- production of speech o Wernicke’s- understanding speech Aphasia: a language disorder that results in deficits in language comprehension and production o About 40 percent of all strokes produce some aphasia, which can be temporary or permanent Language in Infancy Start talking about a year Phrases about 1.5 – 2 years Sentences about 3 years At teens you know about 15,000 words Common Mistakes Overgeneralizations: as children begin to use language in more sophisticated ways, one relatively rare but telling error they make is to overapply new grammar rules they learn Telegraphic speech: the tendency for toddlers to speak using rudimentary sentences that are missing words and grammatical markings but follow a logical syntax and convey a wealth of meaning
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