HIST 1103-WEEK 4 NOTES
HIST 1103-WEEK 4 NOTES HIST 1103
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1103 at Oklahoma State University taught by Professor Prince in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
WEEK 4 HIST 1103 DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. TROUBLED TIMES FOR A NEW NATION 17961809 ELECTION OF 1796 the election was wide open but Hamilton wants to manipulate the election the constitution is not set up for political parties John Adams is elected President and Jefferson for Vice President the thought was the two best candidates would run the country, but different political parties make this difficult FIGHTING THE “QUASIWAR” treaty saying they wouldn’t go to war but Britain gets everything they want French privateers begin attacking American ships to stop trade (undeclared naval war) there is fighting but no declaration of war Adams chooses to engage but stopping before a outright war this creates the modern day navy THE XYZ AFFAIR we are just trying to protect our trade Constellation vs. Insurgente, 1799 both sides are fighting but neither want an outright war we send negotiators (3) to France to get something of a Peace Treaty basically the XYZ Affair they demand about a million dollar for each guy to talk to France we see ourselves as free and independent but that’s not how Europe sees us Europe sees us as small agricultural experiment and we didn’t deserve the same respect this would be enough for us to declare war Adams says no to war but we will beef up our defenses reign of terror is still going on and we have a view that France is crazy ADOPTING A STANDING MILITARY we have a small military in order to reduce the threat to liberty 1794 new American navy is formed Hamilton and Federalists say we need to rapidly expand military Adams and Hamilton split Hamilton wants war and big military but Adams does not THE ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS we get something far more dangerous Federalists are afraid others will take over and petitioned 2 bills which Adams signs Alien Actcan deport anyone for no reason congress can expel any foreigner without reason 14 year require for citizenship (b/c we’re scared of foreigners) Sedition Act was the worst one any print criticizing the government would be libel and could be punished by fines imprisonment libelsaying things that are not true anything would automatically be called a lie by the government our unfortunate attempt to be politicalthis spawns with Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions THE SPECTOR OF NULLIFICATION Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions if a law is inherently wrong, states cannot enforce them this is a problem because this opens the door for civil war people can choose what is right and wrong; it differs person to person these resolutions say the states are sovereign and don’t have to be controlled by federal government TREATY OF MORFONTAINE aka convention of 1800 treaty of Morfontaine; last minute treaty with France no bribery; this is what we are going to do Napoleon has no desire with war or alliance with the United States reduces the size of the army to give the middle finger to Hamilton ships start to be scrapped or taken apart just 6 years after they were being built treaty comes in after Adams was out of office THE ELECTION OF 1800 there has to be a clear majority went to the House Representatives it took 36 ballots Jefferson barely wins Burr hates Hamilton so much for urging those in congress to vote for Jefferson this is the first peaceful transition of power in the U.S. –no violence from one political party to another THE “REVOLUTION” OF 1800 Chief Justice John Marshall makes the Supreme court the most powerful MARBURY V. MADISON Act of 1801 creates new courts not in constitution writing appointments at midnight the day before he is out of office Madison says he will not honor them William Marbury really wanted one of the appointments Marshall knows both parties are looking to them unconstitutional that they were created in the first place leads to the creation of Judicial Review the Supreme court decides whether the constitution says they can do it or not SLAVE REVOLTGABRIEL’S REBELLION Gabriel Prosser (surname same as master assumed) slavery is much more economic slave uprising in 1800 challenging the fiction that slaves enjoy what they’re doing one guy gets cold feet and tells his master this is when overseers become really mistrustful and the repressive slave system take place THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE dealing with the expansion of the US cheaper and faster to ship something from Pennsylvania down the Mississippi and then to New York we wanted to buy New Orleans but Napoleon does too we ask French to buy New Orleans for 10 million and they offer the whole thing for 15 million Napoleon just says its great; no sizes, etc. INTERPRETING THE CONSTITUTION Jefferson is a constructionist that if it isn’t in the constitution he can’t do it this doubles the size of the U.S. it is too good to pass up and we don’t have time to do anything so Jefferson agrees we pay the money and buy Louisiana Louisiana government bill, we change it to say it is English speaking settlements we go to find out what’s actually there THE LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION this is the first time the US explores the western frontiers we want a trade route to pacific this is called the Northwest Passage reach the pacific in December 1804 and return Sept 1805 most significant is how in touch people were with the US capabilities by 1853 the whole continental discovered in 1890 frontier line is gone AARON BURR’S POLITICAL DEMISE politically the US is in turmoil Burr challenges Hamilton to a dual (was illegal) just go through the motions; you don’t actually shoot the person Hamilton took the first shot in the air and then Burr shot him in the midsection and Hamilton dies a few days later Burr was the first sitting Vice President to shoot someone Burr worked with Wilkinson in 1806 Burr goes on the run and was tried for treason it goes to the supreme court and asks for hard evidence treason was punishable by deathno witch hunt; must have proof THE WAR OF 1812 we really start to see the divide against the north and south THE NAPOLEONIC WARS this escalates beyond conflict this period after Napoleon crowns himself Emperor constant warfare 18031814 Napoleon wants to dominate the worldhe wants everyone to do what he says; but not control it Britain and France both want to attack economically the US is caught in the middle; we want freedom of the seas; trade with both their war should not affect us is the thought and hope France dominates European continent the only holdout is Great Britain which never submits BLOCKADES broken voyage Britain orders that no one can order with Francedon’t have this right but they have the greatest navy at this point 1806 “Orders in Council” Britain forbids anyone from trading with the continent we are dependent on that trade we tax on imports so without trade we aren’t making money CHESAPEAKE AFFAIR impressmentsailors found drunk people who would sign up June 22, 1807only a few miles of US coast, Britain attacks the Chesapeake and takes American's as sailors in the royal navy Jefferson hopes for an economic response EMBARGO ACT OF 1807 we are going to stop trading with Europehuge economic disaster for foreign policy we can’t tradeit’s what Britain wants and it hurts us more our ego was overinflated and we thought Britain would need us NONINTERCOURSE ACT OF 1809 we are telling Europe that we don’t know what we’re doing we don’t know how to deal with foreign policy BATTLE OF TIPPECANOE CREEK not directly related to war of 1812 besides Britain medaling Mississippi river flows backward a week after Tecumseh's threat Britain is using Indian allies DECLARING AN UNPOPULAR WAR we are tired of Native American attacks, and impressment we declare war on June 12, 1812 the week before, Britain says they will stop mistreating us but by the time we get it we have already declared war north hates it and south loves it these sectional divides dissolve the Federalist party NAVAL WARFARE DURING THE WAR the only thing we do well is brief naval engagements the handful of naval battles that we actually wo Constitution vs. Guerrieren Constitution is preserved today the constitution is the oldest ship that’s still afloat we are a small nation and out navy isn’t that affective British want to play on sectional division south wants a warblockade ports and allow north to trade STRUGGLE FOR THE GREAT LAKES it doesn’t look like victory will come anytime soon Britain is fighting for its’ life in the Napoleonic warstheir best stuff isn’t aimed at us the only real thing we get in 1813 is York (Toronto) burn the capital British then burn D.C. as revenge 1814 BRITISH OFFENSIVE Gen. Winfield Scott will be in all major affairs for the next 50 years we are getting beat up but we don’t go anywhere; we endure Sept 1314hope they can take Baltimore so we have to surrender and the war will be ended the bombardment of Ft. McHenry without the surrender, Baltimore is safe THE HARTFORD CONVENTION largely north and the secession from the south the delegates write to Washington as the news of the war ending this is important because the federalist party explodes overnight when they were writing to secede at the same time the declaration of the war being over TREATY OF GHENT this is not a win but not a loss so we take it this should have been the end of the war by a quirk of fate, we saw this as a victory BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS Jackson gets everyone he can find to fight New Orleans the British attack at New Orleans 71 Americans were killed and 2000 British were killed we see it as a resounding victory SIGNIFICANCE OF THE WAR we see this as a second American revolution we do have the ability to stand on our own which creates national unity 18151825Era of Good Feelingswe’re all the same we can’t really function as a one party system as we will see later we may have got our butts kicked but we endured which is what matters DOCUMENTARYFIRST INVASION THE WAR OF 1812 took nearly 3 years to fight even though the name is one year Americans were deeply involved in commerce; including agriculture