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SOCI201 Week 1&2 Notes

by: Kristen Pruett

SOCI201 Week 1&2 Notes SOCI201

Marketplace > University of Delaware > Sociology > SOCI201 > SOCI201 Week 1 2 Notes
Kristen Pruett
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Sociological Perspectives Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology
Perez,Victor W.
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Pruett on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI201 at University of Delaware taught by Perez,Victor W. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Delaware.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Week 1 and 2 Notes    9/2/16    Think about “society”  ­ It is a group condition repeated in the individual because it is imposed on him. It is to be  found in each part because it exists in the whole, rather than in the whole because it  exists in the parts.” (1938:9)  ­ Emile durkheim  ­ Increase in support for legalization of marijuana  ­ Young liberals grew up and other generations follow  ­ Right to do with one's body what they want  ­ Masculinity is tied to homophobia and sexuality  ­ Decoupling of masculinity and heterosexuality     9/7/16    Understand the difference between private troubles and public issues  ­ If unemployment rate is 4% and you don't have a job it's probably your fault  ­ If unemployment rate is 20% it's not your fault, it's society's fault   ­ Student loan debt is less to do with individual   ­ Student loan debt in the US has topped $1.3 trillion  ­ Public issue  ­ Average DE student debt in 2014 = $33,808  Lesbian geographies  ­ Lesbian women tend to go for suburbs, lower income housing  ­ Gay men tend to live in cities  ­ Lesbian women who perform more masculine tasks are not as stigmatized as it would be  for men   ­ 27% female and 11% of male couples are raising children  ­ Lesbians are more likely than gay men to have and raise children which create a  different housing need    You, yourself, and others  ­ Social status or social location  ­ Race, age, dress/style, gender, body image (weight,height)  Things in common? Differences?  ­ Non­binary  ­ Outside of the gender binary  ­ Used as an umbrella term or as its own identity  ­ When u resist a categorization you interrupt   ­ Being categorized is necessary to be understood    ­ What are these connections?  ­ Social statuses  ­ Positions we occupy in society that give it structure, and give you  purpose/meaning  ­ How do they influence what you can do? Structure your opportunities?  Your constraints?   ­ What if race and gender weren't visibly available or “clear”?  ­ Gender queer, non­binary, or gender fluid  Non­binary  ­ “Genderqueer”, along with the somewhat newer and less politicized term nonbinary, are  umbrella terms intended to encompass individuals who feel that terms like man and  woman or male and female are insufficient to describe the way they feel about their  gender and/or the way they outwardly present it  Social form  ­ Sociologically, who you are is a function of what you are, and what you are comes from  some external source:  ­ Society  ­ Anthony giddens (1938­present) defined society as: “a cluster, or system, of  institutionalized modes of conduct.”  Both intimately personal and shared by all: the social status  ­ Emile durkheim (1858­1917)...external social forces that guide our lives:  ­ “When i fulfill my obligations as brother, husband, or citizen...i perform duties  which are defined externally to myself and my acts, in law and custom.”  ­ Our “individual” actions are really products of a “collective consciousness”   Durkheim on social facts  ­ Observing social statuses reveals patterns in social behaviors and circumstances...the  character of society..something larger than any one individual  ­ The social structure   ­ He called these patterns “social facts”    9/9/16    *Reading on sakai ­ Race and the same­sex marriage divide  *Sakai resources pdf ­ General in the particular     ­ Social structure impacts agency   ­ Social structure is also determined by agency  ­ Difference between girls and boys majors: engineering vs. physcology  ­ Girls given lower math scores by teachers in school  Implicit assumptions and demonstrated patterns  ­ Dilemma  ­ Assumptions about others social positions reveal how we make sense of the  world...but assumptions exert external forces on others about who or what they  are, based on commonly accepted social designations. So, do you get to be who  you want to be?  ­ These designations, or social statuses, when identified and examine,  allow us to reveal patterns and social form  ­ So how do we make social analyses without them?  ­ How do they benefit some, and harm others?  ­ Teacher bias and gender  Both intimately personal and shared by all: the social status  ­ Emile durkheim (1858­1917)...external social forces that guide our lives:  ­ “When i fulfill my obligations as brother, husband, or citizen...i perform duties  which are defined externally to myself and my acts, in law and custom.”  ­ Our “individual” actions are really products of a “collective consciousness”:  ­ “It is a group condition repeated in the individual because it is imposed on him it  is to be found in each part because it exists in the whole, rather than the whole  because it exists in the parts.”  Durkheim on social facts  ­ Observing social statuses reveals patterns in social behaviors and circumstances...the  character of society...something larger than any one individual  ­ The social structure  ­ He called these patterns “social facts:”  ­ “A social fact is every way of acting, fixed or not, capable of exercising on  the individual an external constraint; or again, every way of acting which  is general throughout a given society, while at the same time existing in  its own right independent of its individual manifestations.”  Let’s start with patterns: race  ­ Patterns of race across the US  ­ These patterns reveal an ascribed social status  ­ The map is one way to look at a larger society, using social statuses, which are occupied  by an individual.  ­ Here, we see the intimate connection between individuals and society through  race  ­ What do the patterns reveal?   


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