Week 5 Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Dickinson on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FNDS 4630 at University of Georgia taught by Hea Park in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Notes f or FDNS 4630 CRN15786 (Week 5 9/7 -9/9 ) Wednesday: Protestantism th • Protestant branch began in the 16 century initiated by Martin Luther • Emphasis on the individual’s direct responsibility to God • Christmas and Easter as feast days -Foods are determined by ethnicity • Fasting is uncommon • Only a few of the Protestant denominations such as the Mormons and the Seventh Day Adventists have dietary practices to their faith Mormons: Church of the Latter Day Saints • Began in US in early 1800s • The LDS Church self-identifies as Christian • World-wide membership is about 13 million • Half lives in US (Most live in Mountain region; Utah is 70% Mormon) Mormon Dietary Laws • Diet and health codes are found in the Doctrine and Covenants • The body is the temple of the spirit (exercise daily; avoid abusive substances) Mormon Laws of Health • No alcohol (strong drink) • No tea or coffee (hot drink) • No caffeine • No tobacco • Eat meat sparingly • Diet based on grains (wheat) • Fast one day per month • Donate money saved to the poor • Have one year of food and clothing in reserve LDS Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intake • Beverage consumption LDS vs. US overall -Less coffee, tea, beer -More water, milk -Carbonated beverages preferred are caffeine-free • Nutrient Intake LDS vs. non-LDS in Utah -No differences for: total kcals, fat, protein, CHO, fiber, Vitamin A, Vitamin C • Health Status: All cause mortality (Utah vs. US Overall) -40% below US death rate -Lower incidence of: cancer, heart disease, stroke, and neonatal/infant deaths • Utah residents: LDS vs. non-LDS -30-80% lower risk for various chronic diseases -Varies with disease/study -Influential: Diet, lifestyle including exercise and stress reduction Seventh Day Adventists • Founded in 1863 • Belief in Christ’s advent or second coming • Human body is temple of Holy Spirit • Sabbath from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday • 12 million worldwide, 1 million in US • Sacred duty to attend to one’s health and to arouse others to do so as well • Against intemperance of any kind, Water is God’s great medicine, Sickness due to violation of the laws of health Sickness is a violation of the Laws of Health • Eat the right foods in moderation -Overeating is discouraged • Get enough rest and exercise • Diet in Eden did not include flesh foods -Lacto-ovo vegetarianism widely practices -May eat meat but avoid pork and shellfish • No coffee, tea, alcohol, or tobacco • Water is the preferred beverage • Avoid highly seasoned meals or condiments • Eating between meals is discouraged SDA Fasting Guidelines • Specifics left to individual -Suggestion by congregations -Medical conditions should be considered -Excused (pregnant, nursing, ill or on medication (modified)) • General approach: -Adults: complete abstinence from all foods for 24 hours; water okay (not before age 12-13) -Pre-teens/Teens: eat bland nutrient crackers and water -Children: Eliminate a preferred food SDA: Health Effects (Adventist Health Study) • 34,000 participants, 50% vegetarian • Lower all-cause mortality in vegetarians • Significant relationship between meat consumption and heart disease mortality in men • Sig protective effect of nut consumption for fatal and non-fatal heart disease • Colon and prostate cancers more common in non-vegetarians • High fruit consumption associated with lower risks of cancer of the lungs, prostate, and pancreas • Lower prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis among vegetarians SO • Vegetarianism tends to lower overall death rates by 5% and mortality from heart disease by 25% • Other beneficial SDA lifestyle choices (high nut consumption, high levels of exercise, maintenance of moderate body weight) • Total benefit- up to 10 years! Kellogg’s and Seventh Day Adventists? Kellogg was a doctor and he practiced this religion. Eastern Orthodox • 1054 AD Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches split (East-West Schism) • Membership: -260 million worldwide (12% of the global Christian population) -39% Friday: Rabbi Barry Cofsky After the flood, God said that he would ease up on what people were allowed to eat/however not from a live animal (not vegetarian anymore) The blood within our body is a life source. Must drain blood from a dead animal. No rare steak, for example Braham- first Hebrew- first person who believed in one God Why Jewish people eat certain foods comes back to the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Almost everything Jewish people eat has to do with tradition, not nutrition Moses: first 40 years was a prince, next 40 lived in wilderness, next 40- led Jews out of Egypt Matzah is a flat cracker- not leavened (bakes for exactly 18 minutes) Lambs blood was placed on the doorposts of Hebrews, so they weren’t affected by the plague. Lambs were considered sacred Manna- what Hebrews ate in the desert during their trek. Available every morning. Some people think it was a coriander seed. People gathered it in the field. Only enough for the day. It tasted like anything you wanted it to. On the day before the Sabbath, they could gather enough for two days The way people eat challah depend on a family’s tradition Some families have two loves of challah on Sabbath Difference between roast beef and brisket: the cut Passover meal: Seder (order or sequence) We will live like money is no object tonight A difference between Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews- foods There are more Ashkenazi here. Only one Sephardic temple in ATL When Europe passed laws to prevent the baking of bread, the Jewish people invented bagels (because they’re boiled) You ignore all kosher laws relating to ingredients in medicine Kosher rules are extremely complicated and people follow them at varying degrees Kosherstal- family tradition
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