Early US History Week 4 Notes
Early US History Week 4 Notes HI 1063
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/6/169/8/16 US History • New Mexico La Florida • defense against French • protect treasure Spanish Florida • St. Augustine 1565 • missions 15731702 native life in Florida • Spanish missionaries want people there full time • Indians come and go because they follow food and move around because of weather English • show up in 17th century and expand into the 18th century • target people for slave trade Spanish New Mexico • Governor Oñate 1598 looking to settle looking for Indians to work Indians reluctant to leave because of Spanish • feudal estate governor hands out land to prominent families and individuals also Indian labor gives governor a lot of power • also town council elected by citizens • somewhat similar to New England • small population tops out in 1680 at around 2500 people government is all about certain families • tribute economy 9/6/169/8/16 US History Spanish promise not to kill Indians if they produce a tribute each year (hides, corn, labor, etc) • rescates Indian by Indian slave trade Indians trade with unconquered Indians enslave unconquered Indians, convert to Christianity Spanish Missions • most successful • start spreading north • come from Mexico • convert Indians • Spanish are able to put Indians to work in Mexico also corrupt them (alcohol) decreasing power of missionaries missionaries try to find new Indians • find mines (silver) • create a buffer/ frontier so English and French don't take their silver use Indians as missionaries and soldiers in case there was a war • Indian appeal culture • inside chief inside town, spiritual leaders • outside chief outside of town, war/ hunt leaders • Spanish began to kill Indians, missionaries stop them and they become trusted by the Indians • patron/ client relationship based on children apprenticeship pragmatic • Indians can get things they need from Spanish by using their religion 9/6/169/8/16 US History animal magic animals have spiritual powers, animals can choose to be killed or not to be killed disease Spanish know how to “cure” people, once you stop curing disease, you lose this power weather wet season/ dry season. Spanish show up during wet season so Indians believe they bring the wet season with them thus controlling the weather • Indians are always selective. They don't think the Spanish are gods, they believe they have a lot to offer through their religion. crops and tools the Spanish bring these • Friar intends to humiliate medicine man with corporal and sexual punishment Problems • corruption political • Luis de Rosas 16371641 manipulates election of town council gets cut of trade takes Indian labor for his own business angers colonists that feel they have been taken advantage of missionaries and governor • missionaries are very powerful control most Indian labor use it to enrich their own missions only so much labor, none for governor church 1. excommunicate 2. condemn • governors 9/6/169/8/16 US History some Indians don't like the friars governor wants some Indian labor • Don Pedro de Paralta vs. Fray Isidro Ordoñez Pueblo Revolt • crisis 1660s drought no food to give Apaches disease • native religion revival Popé you abandoned your old gods, so they are punishing you 1680: Popé leads rebellion against Spanish; 400 of 2500 die Spanish retreat but return in 1692 • nothing is better with Popé • things change no more corporal punishment not so much military force
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