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Human Growth and Development Week 4 Notes

by: Madison Greer

Human Growth and Development Week 4 Notes EPY 2513

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > EPY 2513 > Human Growth and Development Week 4 Notes
Madison Greer

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About this Document

These notes cover week 4.
Human Growth and Development
Dr. Abernathy
Class Notes
piaget, Chomsky, theories, Language, infants
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EPY 2513 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Abernathy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/7/16 Human Growth and Development Chapter 3­ continued • Moving and Perceiving: The Senses ­ sensory development • typically preceded intellectual and motor development ­ sensation • response of a sensory system (eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose) when it detects and  stimulus (anything that catches you attention) ­ perception • mental processing of sensory information when the brain interprets a sensation • Hearing and Seeing ­ sense of hearing • develops during the last trimester (week 26­38) • most advanced of the newborn’s senses ­ vision • least mature sense at birth  • depth perception is usually present by 3 months but understanding depth requires  experience • visual cliff ­ experiment to determine depth perception of infant • Tasting and Smelling ­ sense of smell and taste • smell and taste function at birth and rapidly adapt to the social world • Touch and Pain ­ tough • sense of touch is acute in infants ­ pain and temperature • pain and temperature are often connected to touch • Reflexes Necessary for Survival  ­ maintain oxygen supply 9/7/16 Human Growth and Development • breathing reflex • hiccups and sneezes • thrashing ­ maintain body temperature • crying • shivering • tucking legs close to body • pushing away blankets when hot ­ manage feeding • sucking • rooting­ sucking AND sensing touch and moving toward it • spitting up • Reflexes Not Necessary for Survival ­ Babinski reflex­ tickle feet and toes fan out ­ stepping reflex ­ swimming reflex­ lay baby on stomach and they move as if they’re swimming ­ palmar grasping reflex ­ moro reflex­ startled, move limbs in and out of body • Gross (large) and Fine (small) Motor Skills ­ every basic motor skill develops over the first two years of life ­ course of development • cephalocaudal­ develop from head down • proximodistal­ develop from center out • Infant Cognition: Piaget ­ sensorimotor intelligence (24 months) • Piaget’s term for the way infants think— by using their senses and motor  skills— during the first period of cognitive development ­ information­processing theory • modeled after computer functioning • involves step­by­step description of the mechanisms of thought 9/7/16 Human Growth and Development • Language: The Universal Sequence ­ reflexive communication (crying) ­ cooing ­ babbling                                                                                      look at table to see when  ­ first spoken words ­ first two word sentences  • Theory 1: Learning Approach ­ infants need to be taught • B.F. Skinner (1957) noticed that spontaneous babbling is usually reinforced • parents are expert teachers and other caregivers help them teach children to speak • Theory 2: Social Interaction Approach ­ social interaction fosters infant language • infants communicate because humans have evolved as social beings • Theory 3: Infant Self­Teaching Approach ­ infants teach themselves • language learning is innate; adults need not teach it, nor is it a by­product of social  interaction ­ Chomsky • language is too complex to be mastered through step­by­step direction


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