Human Growth and Development Week 4 Notes
Human Growth and Development Week 4 Notes EPY 2513
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EPY 2513 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Abernathy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/7/16 Human Growth and Development Chapter 3 continued • Moving and Perceiving: The Senses sensory development • typically preceded intellectual and motor development sensation • response of a sensory system (eyes, ears, skin, tongue, nose) when it detects and stimulus (anything that catches you attention) perception • mental processing of sensory information when the brain interprets a sensation • Hearing and Seeing sense of hearing • develops during the last trimester (week 2638) • most advanced of the newborn’s senses vision • least mature sense at birth • depth perception is usually present by 3 months but understanding depth requires experience • visual cliff experiment to determine depth perception of infant • Tasting and Smelling sense of smell and taste • smell and taste function at birth and rapidly adapt to the social world • Touch and Pain tough • sense of touch is acute in infants pain and temperature • pain and temperature are often connected to touch • Reflexes Necessary for Survival maintain oxygen supply 9/7/16 Human Growth and Development • breathing reflex • hiccups and sneezes • thrashing maintain body temperature • crying • shivering • tucking legs close to body • pushing away blankets when hot manage feeding • sucking • rooting sucking AND sensing touch and moving toward it • spitting up • Reflexes Not Necessary for Survival Babinski reflex tickle feet and toes fan out stepping reflex swimming reflex lay baby on stomach and they move as if they’re swimming palmar grasping reflex moro reflex startled, move limbs in and out of body • Gross (large) and Fine (small) Motor Skills every basic motor skill develops over the first two years of life course of development • cephalocaudal develop from head down • proximodistal develop from center out • Infant Cognition: Piaget sensorimotor intelligence (24 months) • Piaget’s term for the way infants think— by using their senses and motor skills— during the first period of cognitive development informationprocessing theory • modeled after computer functioning • involves stepbystep description of the mechanisms of thought 9/7/16 Human Growth and Development • Language: The Universal Sequence reflexive communication (crying) cooing babbling look at table to see when first spoken words first two word sentences • Theory 1: Learning Approach infants need to be taught • B.F. Skinner (1957) noticed that spontaneous babbling is usually reinforced • parents are expert teachers and other caregivers help them teach children to speak • Theory 2: Social Interaction Approach social interaction fosters infant language • infants communicate because humans have evolved as social beings • Theory 3: Infant SelfTeaching Approach infants teach themselves • language learning is innate; adults need not teach it, nor is it a byproduct of social interaction Chomsky • language is too complex to be mastered through stepbystep direction
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