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Struggle for Political Power

by: meghan Hamilton

Struggle for Political Power HST 296

Marketplace > Miami University > History > HST 296 > Struggle for Political Power
meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

covered chapter 2 and 3 in the OWD
History after 1945
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 296 at Miami University taught by ErikJensen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see History after 1945 in History at Miami University.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Conspicuous and Submerged History ● Conspicuous history: historic events that make headlines. Events that affect the  world ○ Ex: atomic bomb ● Submerged History: historic event that affects the individual, but not the world.  It’s something you notice when you look back at it ○ Green revolution Terms To Know ● Nationalism: pride for your country. And unity across the land ● Empire: extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority ○ Ex: russia, rome, china ● Colonialism: policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over  another country occupying it with settlers and exploiting it economically ○ Social darwinism: One person is better than another, therefore we  should conquer the inferior beings ○ White Man’s Burden ● Decolonization: process in which empires withdraw their control from the colonies ● Post colonialism: colonialism does not end with colonial occupation ○ country no longer exerts power or economic control ○ Study legacy of colonialism and its effects on the individuals Capitalism vs. Communism ● Capitalism: earning money for the individual. Allows people to move up in  socioeconomic status. Private ownership ● Communism: for the people as a whole. Everyone shares everything, this  eliminates class struggles Chapter 2 Main players: China, Korea, SOviet Union, Japan and U.S. What’s happening? ● China: had a civil war. Communists took over ● Soviet Union: signed alliance with China ● Japan: Rebuild. ● Vietnam: wanted to be its’ own sovereign nation. Power shifted after France  withdrew itself. U.S. and Soviets trying to figure out who should rule Vietnam. Either way each type of government would tip the scales in someone's favor ● Korea: North Korea invades South Korea  ○ U.S. gets involved because they were afraid communism would  continue to spread Major Theme ● Struggle for political power ● Communism as conspicuous history Marshall Plan: intended to help all those involved in the war rebuild. Soviets told other  communist countries not to give in due to their fear that the U.S. would try to make these  countries democratic Chap 3 Major players: India, britain, Palestine What’s Happening? ● India and Pakistan become individual countries(allows them to begin to choose  their official language, religion and government) ● Palestinian Conflict ● Africa no longer a colony, great time for U.S. or Soviets to move in to take  control. Also comes with economic gains in minerals and gold


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