Epidemiology- Exam 1 Notes Free Preview
Epidemiology- Exam 1 Notes Free Preview Heal 350 Epidemiology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by A Jones on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Heal 350 Epidemiology at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Kollath-Cotanno in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/9/2016 Epi Exam 1 | Evernote Web Epi- Exam 1 History of Epi Van Leeuwenhoek: invented the first microscope Jenner: develops smallpox vaccine Francesco Redi: dispelled the theory of spontaneous with meat and maggot experiment James Lind: the vitamin C in citrus fruits prevented scurvy (a nutrient deficient disease) among sailors Ramazzini: made a connection between work and health Semmelweis: Germ theory, particles from cadavers spread through blood Koch: age of bacteriology, grow it in lab, study parasites Florence Nightingale: nurse studied soldiers and documented mortality and health conditions Ethics Nuremberg Code : Voluntary participation in research What conditions require an IRB Review?: Research on a human subject What is informed consent?: 1. Inform participants about required tasks 2. Voluntary participation 3. Confidentiality 4. Benefits and Risks 5. Contact Info Special issues with minors : 1. Active parental consent written parental permission 2. Passive parental consent parents have to opt their child out How do you maintain confidentiality?: Keep data under lock and key Use study numbers on data forms Destroy identifying information after study Publish data in aggregate form Disease Concepts Disease: an interruption, cessation,or disorder of bodily functions https://www.evernote.com/Home.action#n=1ea753a683684f0998e72f68c248cb16&b=a08dad632e581/4ead9ced9785553b28&ses=4&sh=1&sds=5& 9/9/2016 Epi Exam 1 | Evernote Web Etiology: the study of disease Classifying Diseases 1. Communicable which can spread from person to person vs non communicable 2. Acute with is sudden/ not severe vs chronic 4 Types of Communicable disease 1. Personperson direct vertical: from an individual to offspring horizontal: passes from infected individual. e.g. STDs, skin to skin, needles indirect Formites: contaminated objects such as pens, doorknobs, desks, and toys Droplets 2. Common vehicle: nonliving object medium such as food poisoning at a cookout 3. Zoonoses: vertebrae animals direct via bite such as rabies and eating an animal indirect via a vector 4. Vector borne https://www.evernote.com/Home.action#n=1ea753a683684f0998e72f68c248cb16&b=a08dad632e584abead9ced9785552/48&ses=4&sh=1&sds=5& 9/9/2016 Epi Exam 1 | Evernote Web Stages of Communicable Disease 1. Stage of susceptibility 2. Stage of presymptomatic disease Incubation period Latency period 3. Stage of clinical disease 4. Stage of recovery, disability, or death Immunization introduction of a substance that causes that immune system to develop antibodies against a disease Immunization and Immunity https://www.evernote.com/Home.action#n=1ea753a683684f0998e72f68c248cb16&b=a08dad632e584abead9ced9785553b3/4ses=4&sh=1&sds=5&
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