Human Sexuality and Culture: Weeks 2 Notes
Human Sexuality and Culture: Weeks 2 Notes ANT2301
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cheyenne Slack on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT2301 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Young in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality and Culture in Science at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Anthropology: The study of humans past and present. It approaches concepts of culture. ● Physical Anthropology Physical and Biological Anthropology is concerned with biological variation among humans and nonhuman relatives. ● Linguistic Anthropology About how language has changed and is used. ● Cultural Anthropology Studies cultural variation. ● Applied Anthropology Applied research that is more explicit in its practical goals. ● Basic Terms: Holism Includes all humans across time and space, and concerns all aspects of human experience. Comparative approach Want to understand specific characteristic of particular human populations and diversity. Culture relativism An individual’s beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual's own culture. Ethnocentrism Being intolerant towards other cultures. ● Examples of culture Greetings Eating and food Expectations about age and gender Gift giving and receiving Rituals Relationships Archaeology: Investigates the humans past through excavation. ● Historic archaeology Post written record ● Prehistoric archaeology Before written record Ethnography: A detailed description of a particular primarily based on fieldwork; Putting yourself in their shoes. Systematic comparison between different cultures all across the world. ● Using participant observation Social participation Personal participation Interviews & Discussions Data Collection: ● Basic terms: Explicit criteria for causality The way things happen. Surveys Structured questions. Observation Watching people's behaviors. Interviews Asking indepth questions. ● Sampling bias in sexuality research: Systematic sampling & measurement Sampling something smaller from something larger. Most studies depend on volunteers Many take place in a university setting Underrepresentation of minority populations Only sample LGBTQ populations that selfidentify ● Measurement Bias: Made difficult by taboos around sexuality Problems with accurate reporting Ethical and practical hurdles with observation and experimental methods Methods of Scientific Approach: Aims to reduce errors in everyday reasoning. Ethnographic research Fieldwork to describe something. Empirical research Based on observation Experimental research Experimenting with cause. Correlational research Observing patterns that are already there. Basic research Fills in knowledge we don't have, we learns things that aren't directly applicable. Applied research Has relevance for immediate use, answers a question, and solves a problem. 5 Meanings of Normal: ● Subjective Based on experience, it can change. ● Statistical Trends and numbers, overlaps with clinical. ● Idealistic What people wish to become. ● Cultural/Social Cultural beliefs. ● Clinical Healthy behavior with evidence to prove it. Social conformity and normalcy: ● Social norms are shared info on the dynamic rules of behavior in a group, society, or culture. ● We learn social norms through socialization processes. ● The experience of sexuality varies what is considered normal varies between and within cultures. ● Norms are expected to elicit conformity and/or constrain behavior. ● Governs behavior and attitudes. ● Is studied extensively in social sciences. ● Elicits a spectrum of responses.
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