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Human Sexuality and Culture: Weeks 2 Notes

by: Cheyenne Slack

Human Sexuality and Culture: Weeks 2 Notes ANT2301

Marketplace > University of Florida > Science > ANT2301 > Human Sexuality and Culture Weeks 2 Notes
Cheyenne Slack
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These notes are an organized summary of the important topics discussed in class so far. Aug 29-Sept 8 Because of the hurricane, the schedule is off a bit, so male anatomy and physiology have not ...
Human Sexuality and Culture
Dr. Young
Class Notes
Anthropology, Science, sexuality, Culture




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cheyenne Slack on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT2301 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Young in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality and Culture in Science at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Anthropology: The study of humans past and present. It approaches concepts of culture. ● Physical Anthropology­ Physical and Biological Anthropology is concerned with  biological variation among humans and non­human relatives.  ● Linguistic Anthropology­ About how language has changed and is used. ● Cultural Anthropology­ Studies cultural variation. ● Applied Anthropology­ Applied research that is more explicit in its practical  goals. ● Basic Terms: ­ Holism­ Includes all humans across time and space, and concerns all aspects of  human experience. ­ Comparative approach­ Want to understand specific characteristic of particular  human populations and diversity. ­ Culture relativism­ An individual’s beliefs and activities should be understood by  others in terms of that individual's own culture. ­ Ethnocentrism­ Being intolerant towards other cultures.  ● Examples of culture ­ Greetings ­ Eating and food ­ Expectations about age and gender ­ Gift giving and receiving  ­ Rituals  ­ Relationships  Archaeology: Investigates the humans past through excavation. ● Historic archaeology­ Post written record ● Prehistoric archaeology­ Before written record Ethnography: A detailed description of a particular primarily based on fieldwork; Putting  yourself in their shoes. Systematic comparison between different cultures all across the world. ● Using participant observation ­ Social participation ­ Personal participation ­ Interviews & Discussions Data Collection: ● Basic terms: ­ Explicit criteria for causality­ The way things happen. ­ Surveys­ Structured questions. ­ Observation­ Watching people's behaviors. ­ Interviews­ Asking in­depth questions. ● Sampling bias in sexuality research: ­ Systematic sampling & measurement­ Sampling something smaller from  something larger. ­ Most studies depend on volunteers ­ Many take place in a university setting ­ Underrepresentation of minority populations ­ Only sample LGBTQ populations that self­identify  ● Measurement Bias: ­ Made difficult by taboos around sexuality ­ Problems with accurate reporting ­ Ethical and practical hurdles with observation and experimental methods Methods of Scientific Approach: Aims to reduce errors in everyday reasoning. ­ Ethnographic research­ Fieldwork to describe something. ­ Empirical research­ Based on observation ­ Experimental research­ Experimenting with cause. ­ Correlational research­ Observing patterns that are already there.  ­ Basic research­ Fills in knowledge we don't have, we learns things that aren't  directly applicable.  ­ Applied research­ Has relevance for immediate use, answers a question, and  solves a problem. 5 Meanings of Normal: ● Subjective­ Based on experience, it can change. ● Statistical­ Trends and numbers, overlaps with clinical. ● Idealistic­ What people wish to become. ● Cultural/Social­ Cultural beliefs. ● Clinical­ Healthy behavior with evidence to prove it. Social conformity and normalcy: ● Social norms are shared info on the dynamic rules of behavior in a group, society, or culture. ● We learn social norms through socialization processes. ● The experience of sexuality varies­ what is considered normal varies between and  within cultures. ● Norms are expected to elicit conformity and/or constrain behavior. ● Governs behavior and attitudes. ● Is studied extensively in social sciences. ● Elicits a spectrum of responses.


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