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ANTH 1030 - Archaic Humans

by: Jazmine Beckstrand

ANTH 1030 - Archaic Humans ANTH 1030-001

Marketplace > University of Utah > ANTH > ANTH 1030-001 > ANTH 1030 Archaic Humans
Jazmine Beckstrand
The U
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover the course content for the third week of class. Notes review material covered in both class lectures and assigned textbook readings.
World Prehistory: Introduction
Brian Codding
Class Notes
evolution, Arhaic, humans, Archaeology, Prehistory
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jazmine Beckstrand on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1030-001 at University of Utah taught by Brian Codding in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see World Prehistory: Introduction in ANTH at University of Utah.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Week 3: Archaic Humans Definitions Key Concepts Locations * = on exam Flake: flakes are removed from cores, (flake tool vs. core tool) Debitage: waste flakes that are discarded in the process of tool productions. "Chopper": a simple core tool manufactured by removing a series of flakes to create a sharp edge. Prepared Core: a core from which flakes were removed systematically to achieve a designed shape.  Requires planning and intentionality Biface: a tool with flakes removed from both sides.  Generally, not as sharp edges, but they are much more durable. Archeulean Hand Axe: a specific bifacial, systematic tool made from a prepared core by Archaic Humans. What Do Tools Do?  Behavioral adaptation  Dampens effect of environment  Opens new niches  Enhance dexterity and cognition (?) The First Europeans  Archaic Humans as Dmanisi, Georgia (approx. 1.7 mya)  Sima del Elefante, Atapuera, Spain (1.1-1.2 mya)  Zhoukoudian (0.5-0.25 mya)  Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca (0.5-0.3 mya)  Hand Axe Quarry at Boxgrove, UK (approx. 500 kya) Neanderthal Technology: Levallois Neanderthal Subsistence  Open and forested habitats, plants (?)  Mammals, birds, some fish and shellfish, overall specialization on large mammal hunting  Solitary and/or communal hunting (?)  Close contact hunting - rodeo injuries (?)  Tool stone rarely more than 20 km away, small home range (?)  Cannibalism (?) Neanderthal Ritual  Flexed burials on side  Grave goods for both men and women, but more for men  High concentration of flower pollen near graves  Elder individuals (cared for)  Isolated skulls and cave bear remains Llevallois Technique: a stone technology based on a core prepared to produce one large flake of predictable shape. Disk Core Technique: a stone technology based on disk-shaped cores, shapes so as to produce several relatively similarly sized flakes for manufacture into different tool forms.


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