ANTH 1030 - Archaic Humans
ANTH 1030 - Archaic Humans ANTH 1030-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jazmine Beckstrand on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1030-001 at University of Utah taught by Brian Codding in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see World Prehistory: Introduction in ANTH at University of Utah.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Week 3: Archaic Humans Definitions Key Concepts Locations * = on exam Flake: flakes are removed from cores, (flake tool vs. core tool) Debitage: waste flakes that are discarded in the process of tool productions. "Chopper": a simple core tool manufactured by removing a series of flakes to create a sharp edge. Prepared Core: a core from which flakes were removed systematically to achieve a designed shape. Requires planning and intentionality Biface: a tool with flakes removed from both sides. Generally, not as sharp edges, but they are much more durable. Archeulean Hand Axe: a specific bifacial, systematic tool made from a prepared core by Archaic Humans. What Do Tools Do? Behavioral adaptation Dampens effect of environment Opens new niches Enhance dexterity and cognition (?) The First Europeans Archaic Humans as Dmanisi, Georgia (approx. 1.7 mya) Sima del Elefante, Atapuera, Spain (1.1-1.2 mya) Zhoukoudian (0.5-0.25 mya) Sima de los Huesos, Atapuerca (0.5-0.3 mya) Hand Axe Quarry at Boxgrove, UK (approx. 500 kya) Neanderthal Technology: Levallois Neanderthal Subsistence Open and forested habitats, plants (?) Mammals, birds, some fish and shellfish, overall specialization on large mammal hunting Solitary and/or communal hunting (?) Close contact hunting - rodeo injuries (?) Tool stone rarely more than 20 km away, small home range (?) Cannibalism (?) Neanderthal Ritual Flexed burials on side Grave goods for both men and women, but more for men High concentration of flower pollen near graves Elder individuals (cared for) Isolated skulls and cave bear remains Llevallois Technique: a stone technology based on a core prepared to produce one large flake of predictable shape. Disk Core Technique: a stone technology based on disk-shaped cores, shapes so as to produce several relatively similarly sized flakes for manufacture into different tool forms.
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