Module 4 Activity Answers
Module 4 Activity Answers AHC 115
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Chapter 4 Activity Answers Fill in the Blank 1. Prefixes are most often used to represent shape, size, color, condition, position or time and _______. • quantity 2. If Mac’s pain occurs on both sides of his body, it is _______ pain. • bilateral 3. Terri’s oneside paralysis is said to be __lateral. • uni ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Diffuse inflammation of the heart: pancarditis • pan— / card / —itis 4. Heartache occurring on one side or one half of the head: hemicrania • hemi— / cran / —ia 5. Pertaining to the presence of multiple cysts: polycystic • poly— / cyst / —ic 6. Onesided: unilateral • uni— / later / —al 7. State of not feeling, usually medicationinduced for surgical procedure: anesthesia • an— / esthes / —ia ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1 Two symptoms sometimes experienced in diabetes are hyperglycemia and _______; this second term describes low blood sugar. • hypoglycemia • Explanation: Strange as it seems, both extremes can be symptoms of the same disorder. Hypoglycemia is a deficiency (hypo) of sugar or glucose (glyc/o) in the blood (emia), while hyperglycemia is an excess of sugar or glucose in the blood. Both are fluctuating symptoms frequently seen in diabetes. ________________________________________________________________ Define the Prefix 1 Beyond; excess: ultra— 8. Deficient; under: hypo— 9. Excessive; above: hyper— ________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1 In his marine biology lab, Jackson examines a seal embryo’s ____derm — that is, its outer germ layer as well as its ___derm (its inner layer) • ecto— • endo— • Explanation: These opposites are nevertheless confused sometimes— mainly because they are spelled so similarly. Try this trick: Associate the sound of endo with indoors or into and associate the sound of ecto with the word exit. ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Outermost layer: ectoderm • ecto— / derm 10. Process of cutting out of: excision • ex— / cis / —ion ________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts 1 Pertaining to the front: anterior • anter / —ior 11. To carry or lead away from: abduct • ab— / duct 12. Pertaining to behind the ear: postauricular • post— / auricul / —ar ________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1 Periosteum: peri / oste / um 13. Paralysis: para / lysis 14. Pericardium: peri / cardi / um 15. Subcutaneous: sub / cutane / ous 16. Intravenous: intra / ven / ous 17. Supracostal: supra / cost / al 18. Infraorbital: infra / orbit / al 19. Intercostal: inter / cost / al ______________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1. The spaces between the ribs are called ______ spaces. • intercostal 2. An injection that delivers a drug or fluid into the vein is called a(n) _____ injection. • intravenous 3. The _____ glands are near or beside the thyroid glands. • parathyroid 4. The ______ is a structure so names because it surrounds the heart. • pericardium 5. An object or organ that is in _____flexion is bent or flexed backward. • retro ______________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1. retroflexion: retro / flex / ion 6. symphysis: sym / physis 7. percutaneous: per / cutane / ous 8. syndactyly: syn / dactyl / y ______________________________________________________________________ Define the Term 1. Procedure in which healthy blood is introduced into the body through an IV line: blood transfusion 9. Condition in which two or more fingers or toes are fused together: syndactyly 10. The decline of a disease: catabolism 11. Downward displacement of an organ: prolapse 12. Procedure for the separation of certain parts of blood by diffusion through a semipermeable membrane: dialysis 13. A group of symptoms that run together: syndrome 14. Condition of lacking water in the body: dehydration 15. A joint in which the bony surfaces are joined by a layer of fibrocartilage: symphysis 16. Term meaning “pertaining to through the skin”: percutaneous 17. Abbreviation of surgical procedure to remove prostatic overgrowth through the urethra: turp ______________________________________________________________________ Determine the Syllable has the Primary Accent 1. transurethral: trans — u — re — thrall 18. intravenous: in — tra — ve — nus 19. endotracheal: en — do — tra — ke — al 20. ectopic: ek — top — ik 21. exophthalmos: ek — sof — thal — mos 22. percutaneous: per — ku — ta — ne — us 23. subcutaneous: sub — ku — ta — ne — us 24. abductor: ab — duk — tor ______________________________________________________________________ Define the Prefix 1. Change: meta— 25. False: psuedo— 26. Bad: mal— 27. Normal: eu— 28. Painful: dys— 29. New: neo— ______________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1. An antigen is a foreign substance that causes blood cells to produce ______. • antibodies • Explanation: Strange as it seems, our bodies are miraculously built to use even potential poisons to produce precisely what we need to fight them! This is easier to remember if you break down the term "antigen": anti means "against"; gen means "substance that produces." Thus, an antigen is a substance doomed to cause the production of its own enemy: our protective antibodies! ______________________________________________________________________ Combine the Correct Word Parts: 1. Fracture occurring on the opposite side from the blow received: contrafissure • contra — / fissure 30. Foreign substance for which the body may develop an immunity: antigen • anti— / —gen 31. Excessively rapid heartbeat: tachycardia • tachy— / card / —ia ______________________________________________________________________ Fill in the Blank 1. The muscles on one side of the body are controlled by nerves on the opposite, or ______, side of the brain. • contralateral 32. Gertrude’s syndactyly is _______, that is, it’s been with her since birth. • congenital 33. A(n) _____ is a foreign substance that causes blood cells to produce antibodies. • antigen 34. Elena is an Rhnegative mother who delivers an Rhpositive hold. She will, if she remains untreated, develop ______ that will cause a harmful antigenantibody reaction in later ______ children. • antibodies • Rhpositive 35. Janet’s ____ disease means that her body is mounting an attack against itself. • autoimmune 36. Jamal’s rapid breathing is called ______. • tachypenia _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1 Metacarpal: meta / carp / al 20. Pancytopenia: pan / cyt / o / penia 21. hyperglycemia: hyper / glyc / emia 22. contralateral: contra / later / al 23. neonatal: neo / nat / al 24. transurethral: trans / urethr / al 25. antepartum: ante / partum 26. syndactyly: syn / dactyl / y 27. retroperitoneal: retro / peritone / al 28. dyspnea: dys / pnea ______________________________________________________________________ Define the Prefix 1. Against. opposite: contra— 2. Change, beyond: meta— 3. Before, forward: ante— 4. False: pseudo— 5. Against: anti— 6. Normal, good: eu— 7. Bad, painful, difficult, abnormal: dys— 8. With, together: con— ________________________________________________________________ Medical Reports 1. The bruise above Bruce’s bony eye socket appears ____orbital. • supra 9. The bruise between Bruce’s eyes is described as _____orbital. • inter 10.Because the abrasions on Bruce’s face appear on both sides, they are described as _____. • bilateral 11.Bruce uses _____ductor muscles to lift weights away from his body. • ab 12.Bruce’s history of “overheating” after a strenuous match is a condition referred to as ______. • hyperthermia 13.Bruce’s favorite strengthtraining routine involves lifting weights in front of, or ______ to, his body. • anterior 14.Bruce’s skin patch against seasickness is worn ____auricular, meaning behind the auricle. • post ________________________________________________________________ Break Down the Word 1. Hyperthermia: hyper / therm / ia 15.Supraorbital: supra / orbit / al 16.Excision: ex / cis / ion 17.Hemicrania: hemi / cran / ia 18.Bilateral: bi / later / al 19.Anesthesia: an / esthes / ia 20.Postauricular: post / auricul / ar ____________________________________________________________________________ Case Study 1 1 Hannah’s slower than normal heart rate is called ______. • bradycardia 29. If Hannah’s heart rate were faster than normal, this condition would be called _______. • tachycardia 30. The physician auscultates the upper central region of Hannah’s abdomen. This area, being “above” the stomach area, is referred to as the _____ gastrium. • epithelia 31. The physician tests the range of motion in Hannah’s knee by turning her leg first toward the medial line of the body. This is a(n) _____ternal rotation. • in 32. The physician palpates the soft tissue, or fat pad, that lies beneath Hannah’s patella. Because it lies beneath, or inferior to, the patella, this is called the _____patellar fat pad. • infra 33. The physician has Hannah extend her led as far as she can “and then even farther,” he says. This maximum extension is called _____extension. • hyper 34. Hannah’s xrays show that in the past she has had a _____fissure, that is, a fracture in a part opposite the site of the blow received. • contra 35. The term in this case study that describes a lack of adequate fluids in the body is ______. • dehydration