Week 3 Notes (Sept 7-9)
Week 3 Notes (Sept 7-9) PSYC 265
Popular in Drugs and Behavior
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Becca Sehnert on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 265 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Stoltenberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Behavior in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
WEEK 3 Drugs and Behavior Wednesday Sept 7 I. How use is measured a. Surveillance indicators –indirect source of data regarding drug consumption b. Tax of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis sales c. Adverse consequences i. Traffic fatalities ii. Arrests iii. Physical disease rates iv. Admissions to drug treatment facilities v. Historical records vi. Correlational –indirectly measure cannabis arrests to measure use d. Effects of drug and alcohol policies e. Why is there a decline in ethanol use after 1979? Increased minimum drinking age. Culture change II. Alcohol use a. Use –MUST precede abuse and dependence i. High levels of use are more risky ii. # of drinks to cause impairment changes based on 1. Drinking history 2. Gender 3. Weight 4. Family history/genetic background iii. Heavy use associated with 1. Impaired functioning –now or later 2. Conflicts with others 3. Potential physical health risks b. Abuse –consequences ! During and after use c. Dependence –impaired control over use even tho continued use causes problems i. Tolerance ii. Withdrawal –physical tremors, puking iii. Don’t have control of if they use it or not. Functionally normal life. iv. Psychological and Physical III. Alcohol Dependence Syndrome a. On a continuum of physical and behavioral criteria b. Impaired control –not complete loss of control IV. Criteria for Abuse and Dependence a. Need common set of standards b. Diagnostic criteria are same for all drugs of abuse c. Behavior social and physical criteria d. World Health Organization –International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) e. American Psychiatric Association i. DSM III-R –usually research ii. DSM-IV-TR –for mental disorders iii. DSM-5 in May 2013 f. Don’t diagnose yourself! g. DSM-IV-TR Alcohol Abuse (table 3.3) i. Maladaptive pattern –one of the following within 12- months 1. Failure of major role obligations 2. Physically hazardous 3. Legal problems 4. Continued alcohol use h. DSM-IV-TR Alcohol Dependence i. Maladaptive pattern –3+ of following within 12-months 1. Tolerance a. Markedly increased b. Markedly diminished effect with same amount 2. Withdrawal a. Withdrawal symptoms b. Similar substance to reduce withdrawal symptoms 3. Take larger amounts or longer time to get wasted 4. Persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control use 5. Much time spend to get substance or recover 6. Important activities given up due to use 7. Continued despite knowledge of having problem ii. Marijuana can be addictive –it has symptoms with tolerance changes and withdrawal symptoms Friday Sept 9 For review –submit questions in email prior to Monday and will go over questions in class I. Is a hangover a form of withdrawal? a. DSM-IV-TR Alcohol Withdrawal i. Reduce amount of alcohol intake that has previously been heavy or prolonged ii. 2 or more of the following within hours or days of stopping 1. Autonomic hyperactivity 2. Increased hand tremor 3. Insomnia 4. Nausea or vomiting 5. Transient visual, tactile or auditory hallucinations or illusions 6. Psychomotor agitation 7. Anxiety 8. Grand mal seizures iii. Symptoms from above cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning iv. Symptoms not due to general medical condition and not accounted for in another mental disorder v. Specify if: perceptual disturbances vi. *These symptoms are usually the opposite of the effect of the drug or substance. Aka Alcohol his a depressant, but symptoms are “stimulating” b. Symptoms of a hangover i. Need to be intoxicated first ii. Many symptoms, but don’t have to have all iii. Other contributing factors (dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, sleep disturbances, etc.) iv. Alcohol withdrawal –if alcohol cures hangover, may be mild form of withdrawal 1. May take benzodiasapine to help. Not long term v. Red cheeks with drinking = acetaldehyde toxicity, metabolism vi. Nonalcoholic effects –cigarettes, personality, family history, methanol II. Epidemiology a. Knowing about public health, controlled by CDC b. Learn about all different aspects of disease c. Risk factors found by case-control study d. https://nccd.cdc.gov/DPH_ARDI/default/default.aspx i. Alcohol hills 88,000 people per year in many different ways ii. Some are chronic, most are acute iii. Mostly males e. Incidence –number of new cases f. Prevalence –number of existing cases III. Methamphetamine video
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