PSYC 3083 Week 3 Notes Ethical and Legal Guidelines
PSYC 3083 Week 3 Notes Ethical and Legal Guidelines PSYC 3083
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Meyer on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3083 at Louisiana State University taught by Copeland in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Psychological Counseling in Psychology at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Ethical and Legal Guidelines I. Development and need for Ethical Guidelines for psychology, counseling, and social work 1. Protect consumers: have license for state, know the ethical and legal guidelines, further professional standing of organization 2. Serve as “vehicle for professional identity”: marks maturity of the profession, people take it more seriously 3. Guides professions towards behaviors that reflect values of profession -in general, we do not barter 4. Offers framework in decision-making process 5. Can be offered as defense if sued for malpractice II. APA’s Ethical Guidelines Principle A: Competence o If you are not competent, you can be found to be negligent and sued for malpractice Principle B: Integrity o If you follow ethical guidelines Principle C: Professional and Scientific Responsibility o Watching reactions to therapies and reporting it if it is not as positive reaction o Not telling the patient all the information Principle D: Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity Principle E: Concerns for Others’ Welfare o If a patient wants to hurt another person, report Principle F: Social Responsibility o Give back to the community III. Ethical Standards: 102 specific rules to guide behavior in 8 areas 1. Work relationship: go the person first directly but if that doesn’t work, then to next head management position 2. Evaluation, assessment, or intervention: show credibility 3. Advertising and other public statements: Strict guidelines about what you can put on your business card/on talk shows/in phone books 4. Therapy 5. Privacy 6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, and publishing: always list all the people who contributed and what they contributed, be specific 7. Forensic activities: anything to do with the law 8. Resolving ethical issues a. Therapy 1. Structuring the relationship: Give out a consent form as early as possible If work is supervised, always ask the supervisor and tell the supervisor that they have legal responsibility for the case When therapist is a student, client is informed, and supervisor must have an hour talking about the therapy given with the student therapist. o Students are transient (not going to be seeing them for very long) Psychologists make efforts answer any patient’s questions in a way they can understand 2. Informed Consent to Therapy: If you obtain consent, you must: a) Has capacity to consent b) Has been informed of information concerning the procedure c) Has freely and without undue influence expressed consent d) Consent has been appropriately documented When legally incapable, get consent from legally authorized person Psychologist still need to try and explain to the legally incapable in a way they understand Check handout for informed consent to therapy on Moodle page Check out “Dual & Multiple Relationships in Therapy: Part E of Boundaries Series” video on YouTube Children have assent; adults have consent 3. Couple and Family Relationship When agreeing to counsel people who have relationships with each other, clarify which are clients and the relation psychologist will have with each Changing therapies will mess up the relationship and progress you have with a patient Once you realize your roles are changing, address issue and adjust roles/withdraw from roles. AVOID DUAL RELATIONSHIPS: some are avoidable, unavoidable, mandated (military), ethical, and unethical 4. Providing mental health services to those served by others When deciding whether to offer other services to somebody already being treated, take into consideration the welfare of the client and discus it with the client to decrease confusion and conflict Keep in touch with producers for medicines/prescriptions 5. Sexual intimacies Just don’t do it! If you have had sexual intimacies prior, do not take them up for therapy. They are frequently harmful for patient After having client after 2 years, you are allowed to engage (not illegal), but usually, DON’T DO IT It is exploitive because the relationship has turned into dual and because they have confided already in you. You wouldn’t have even met that client without your profession should be professional in the same way. 6. Interruption of Services Make plans to facilitate care in your absence, client financial state (ex. Workers comp stops paying sometimes), Maternity or medical leaves, inform patient beforehand When giving someone free services, it breaks the professional boundary. 7. Terminating the professional relationship Don’t abandon clients ever Terminate the relationship only when patient is no longer benefiting from the treatment or being harmed by the services Discuss termination with patient, suggest alternatives, and take steps for transfer Can be tricky to notice when it is not benefitting, but try to notice the patient’s behavior/progression b. Privacy and Confidentiality Always inform limits of confidentiality, current and forseeable Must report sexual and elder abuse, suicidal or homicidal thoughts, and physical abuse IV. Laws affecting psychologists a. Mandatory reporting of child abuse or neglect, elder abuse b. Privilege and public peril: the duty to warn (Tarasoff) V. Resolving Ethical Dilemmas: Decision-Making Models
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