AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 2 notes
AMH2097 History of nationality, ethnicity, and race week 2 notes AMH 2097 - 0002
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Webb on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AMH 2097 - 0002 at Florida State University taught by Anna Amundson in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 75 views. For similar materials see Race/ethnicity in us in History at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
AMH 2097 Notes Exam 1 terms 250 words for discussion, double space Indigenous American differed from Europeans by: Religion: worshiped one god and could be any object like a rock. Religious beliefs were the same and thought storms were god talking to them land use: indigenous people fought over land which was a common possession which was used for the whole tribe. Was very protective of their land as a group but not individually. Europeans said indigenous people were nomads and no right to the land that Europeans wanted. They thought they should use it for agriculture. Less social inequality for indigenous people(America) than Europeans. Gender: Indigenous people- The women owned the home and belongings but the Europeans- the man would own the home and belongings. Europeans were responsible for crops and men did this. Indigenous people the men worked the women like slaves and the men did hunting and fishing and Europeans thought this was wrong and thought the men were lazy and how fishing was leisure time instead of work. Spain and the new world: How indigenous people responded to Europeans appearing on their land: when Spanish people came to indigenous people they wanted to convert them Encomienda system: is when the Spanish depended on the forced labor of indigenous people. The Spanish overseers wanted to convert them to Catholicism and taught them Spanish and in return they would have the indigenous people work and receive gold. They encountered the Mayans (indigenous people) and Spanish wanted to bring them into the labor system. In 1526 they tried to come onto the Spanish land and wanted to find natural resources but forced the Mayans to work for them. 1540 began this process of killing the Mayans who refused to work. Some of the leading Mayan religious people went to pray and got into a battle. They ended up dying and it became easy to take over the Mayans because they were starving, and the death of their traditional leaders. The Spanish established a court system and the Mayans sued each other Europeans if they came on their land. Diego DeLanda: was placed in charge of the Mayans. He cataloged the Mayan language and religious traditions. By 1540 the Franciscans wanted to convert Mayans to Catholics completely and began to punish people who wouldn’t fully convert so many Mayans were tortured because they would question the catholic beliefs. English colonist: were a diverse group and came to north America to make money, sought religious freedom (puritans and Catholics), criminals, poor people. No such thing as national unity. th Henry the 7 had to unify England. Edward VI became king at 10 and died at 16. Jane grey queen for ten days. Point is that all these leaders had different opinions and leaders kept shifting Protestant Reformation: queen Elizabeth reestablished protestant. Religious reform movement within the Latin Christian Church beginning in 1519. It split the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the 'protesters' forming several new Christian denominations, including the Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican Churches, among many others. Queen Elizabeth I: Elizabeth established a period of stability, she was queen for 50 years, reestablished protestant. No interest in making English catholic again. She used religion to unite these people. England went to war with Spanish and won the war and saw this as a sign from god. England was trying to conquer Ireland (they are catholic) and saw this is a threat to England and they used military force to take over territory and killed civilians and sent British people to populate Ireland. Compared Irish people to native Americans. She supported the arts, increased the treasury, supported the exploration of the New World, built up the military, and established the Church of England as the main religion in England Sir Walter Raleigh: An English adventurer and writer, who was prominent at the court of Queen Elizabeth I, and became an explorer of the Americas. In 1585, Raleigh sponsored the first English colony in America on Roanoke Island in present- day North Carolina. It failed and is known as " The Lost Colony." Sent 100 men under military command to attack Spanish ships and steal their valuables for about a year. 1586 he sent people to the colony Roanoke. No one knows what happened to these people that’s why it’s called the lost colony. The only thing left was a carving on the tree that said croatoan. Wanted England to become an empire. Population of England grew very quickly and wanted to send them to the new world. Freedom and land ownership were very important to England people. Jamestown Virginia: First permanent English colony. established in 1607. It was the search for gold and natural resources. Became first England colony in the new world. High percent of death. It was near a swamp and many people got malaria. Leaders kept dying and needed to be replaced. Colonist depended on supplies from England and 80% of the people who came to the colony had died. At one-point colonist abandoned Jamestown and were intercepted by a ship of supplies and new colonist coming to Jamestown. Every man gets 50 acres of land and anyone he brought with them would get 50 more acres to promote families to come. Nearly 2/3 of the settlers were indentured servants (said they would work for 7 years and then would be free) because they needed people to work all of the land. Indentured servants could be gambled, sold, traded and masters could treat them however. They worked with tobacco and it became the cash crop Virginia grew. Tobacco: Cash crop that made a profit and saved Jamestown Maryland: 1632 became the first proprietary colony to serve as a refuge for English Catholic. Puritans and Catholics settled this area. Tobacco was cash crop here too. Most of the settlers became protestants and caused religious tension between Catholics who wanted to be in charge. Cecilous calbert was in charge here and established a hierarchy. Maryland was similar to Jamestown. Indentured servant was guaranteed land unlike Jamestown who guaranteed them money when their time was done. More internal differences about how the colony should be governed. Fewer than 25% were women. Most marriages lasted less than 8 years because the death rate was so high, so it was hard to form families. Women were able to gain type of authority in these society. Mostly men died. Women took control of land when the men died. Femme sole gave the right to own land, own business, and go to court. Margaret Brent, was not married and was an attorney and landowner and was the most prominent residents of Maryland. Unlike other men she was very active in managing her family’s estate. She controlled the governor’s estate when he died. This society introduced African Americans to the society. People saw that overtime indentured servants were causing more problems so they created a class to permanently enslave people who would never have the ability to become free until after the civil war (blacks) Puritans in Holland: A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay. Believed that the church of England contained too much catholic origins. They chose to leave the church of England (state church) in 1609 to go to the Neverland’s in Europe. Jewish people were forced to leave Spain. 1617 they were adjusting too well in the Neverland’s and wanted to retain their English identify. Reading the bible was important and they think god chose (catholism) who was saved or not before people were even born. Arrived at Plymouth in 1620. Squanto: Native American who helped the English colonist in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonist and the Wampanoag. He arrived at Plymouth in 1620, helped the puritans who established a colonist. he could speak English and helped them how to hunt and helped established relationships with tribal groups. Great Migration: 1624 lots of puritans went to Massachusetts and arrived in family groups and didn’t have the same issue with disease. Established a much more stable society. God sent them to England with a special purpose. Society should be an example to the rest of the catholic world. Natural differences between rich and poor. Rich got more rights and seats at church and you had to earn your way into church membership and people would vote. women and black people could become part of the church membership too. If u expelled social norm u would be kicked out of the church. Roger Williams; A dissenter (member of unestablished church) who clashed with the Massachusetts Puritans over separation of church and state and was banished in 1636, after which he founded the colony of Rhode Island to the south rejected idea that god elects and he criticized Massachusetts government for punishing people who disobeyed. That puritans had no right to the land they lived on so that’s why he got banned/removed from church. Anne Hutchinson: A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Criticized sermons. She claimed god spoke to her directly and didn’t need a sermon to tell her. Lots of people followed where. Went to Rhode Island when she got banned as well because she questioned authority a lot.
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