Survey of US History week 3
Survey of US History week 3 HIST 2110
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Weiers on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by David Tiller in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Survey of United States History in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
9-6-16 Natives and colonists: Settler Colonialism and Property Government purchasing property for market value But what is a fair price? o Everyone’s idea of value is different o The English and the Indians value money differently Initial “Peace” Pocahontas was captured by the English o John smith (known liar) o Religion conversion o New Christian name Rebecca o Assimilation: o She died and phocathoas dad died … Dispossession Jamestown Treaty of 1646 (ending of third anglo-powhatan war) o Any Indian child can voluntarily become English. o Assimilation schools o Setting up boarders o placed Indians in eastern Virginia under the control of the King of England o provided them protection from other tribes and also from encroaching settlers. o the treaty imposed many restrictions on the Indians. It confined them to land north of the York River, prohibited them from interfering with English settlement south of that river, required them to communicate with the government by messengers while dressed in distinctive clothing. required the Indians to return all hostages, including "negroes," and turn in their guns, ended Third Anglo-Powhatan War (1644-46), which was launched by surprise attacks against the English on April 18, 1644 - signed in October, 1646 by Gov. William Berkeley and Necotowance (he replaced Opechancanough, who had been murdered soon after being captured and jailed in Jamestown) - prohibited Englishman from being in Indian territory except with permission from Chief Necotowance or the Governor and declared English would notify Necotowance before settling north of York River on land downstream from Poropotanke (current boundary between Gloucester County and King and Queen County) - required annual gift to English of 20 beaver skins as tribute, acknowledging authority of English rulers and creating status as "tributary" tribes who were to receive some protection against hostile tribes such as the Susquehannocks or Seneca 1 - As summarized by author L. Scott Philyaw: Treaty of 1677 o (following bacon’s rebellion) rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley Bacon's Rebellion was an armed o Independence with rules o (following bacon’s rebellion) in which tribes at peace with Virginia government had been attacked by rebels led by Nathaniel Bacon o terms were defined by three royal commissioners (Lieutenant Governor Herbert Jefferies, Sir John Berry, and Francis Morison) who controlled colonial government after they forced Gov. William Berkeley to return to England o -signed separately by Cockacoeske's son (Captain John West), the queen of the Wyanoke, king of the Nottoway, and king of the Nansemond o English refused to allow king of the Appomatucks to sign in 1677, because they thought he was responsible for unrequited death of colonists o additional tribes that signed in 1680 included leaders of the Appomatucks (finally), Iroquoian-speaking Meherrin, Siouan-speaking Monacan and Saponi, plus Nanzatico (Nantaughtacund), Portabaco, and an additional Nansemond king 2 o established a reservation in King William County (because the now-separate Mattaponi and Pamunkey reservations were established a century before the United States was created, the legal basis for those reservations is based on Virginia state law rather than Federal law.) o confirmed Native Americans would not have to pay quit rents on their reservation land, but required annual symbolic payment of three arrows to the colonial governor in addition to the 20 beaver skins as required in 1646 (a ceremonial gift of deer and/or turkeys is presented to the Virginia governor every year around Thanksgiving, to honor this treaty) o banned enslavement of Native Americans who belonged to groups that were friendly with the English o required friendly Native Americans "having notice of any March of strange Indians near the English Quarters or Plantations" to alert the English about threats from Susquehanna from Pennsylvania, Iroquois from New York, etc. o - created buffer zone of three miles around Native American towns, and made clear colonists could not settle within that zone and would be removed if they tried: 3 Meanwhile in New England Small pox o Outbreaks: 1616 and 1633 o “How strangely they have decreased by the hand of god…and it hath generally been observed that were the English come to settle a divine hand makes way for them.” – Daniel Denton o they were all dying and leaving. divine intervention for them to be there on that land. Conflicts o Pequot War- 1637: alliances. The Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Pequot tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Say brook colonies and their Native American allies which occurred between 1634 and 1638. The Pequot’s lost the war. At the end, about seven hundred Pequot’s had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies. Other survivors were dispersed. The result was the elimination of the Pequot as a viable polity in what is present-day Southern New England. The colonial authorities classified the tribe as extinct; however, survivors remained in the area and did regain recognition and land along the present-day Thames and Mystic rivers in southeastern Connecticut. Mystic massacre (400-800 casualties) basically stomps out war. Captivity narrative o Capturing women and children as prisoners, used as trade or rescued, or assimilate into the tribe o Depiction of the Indians as savages Proposed solutions: Assimilation- the process of becoming similar to something: o Puritan praying towns o Spanish- catholic o French- predominantly catholic o English – protestant o Conversion was very political. o Religious and political was very intermingled. o Start up of mission towns. Forced assimilation However, kept a lot of the same ways, and was non effective Key Terms and concepts Ideas about property and settler colonialism Assimilation Experience of Powhatan Chiefdom o Treaties o Pushed further and further west Experience of native Americans in new England o Small pox o Warfare o Praying towns o Captivity narratives Revolution – Creation of the US (1713-1783) o Proclamation line of 1783?? o Seven years’ war/ French and Indian war (1754-1763) o Religion (Catholic vs. Protestant) o Building an empire. more land more power. o French had more allies than the British o British wins o Reserve line for the natives o The result: treaty of Paris and the Proclamation line of 1763 o Taxation without Representation o Taxation was done to pay for war 1764- sugar act 1764- currency act 1765- stamp act – paper, stationary 1765- quartering act 1766- declaratory act 1767 –Townshend revenue act 1773-tea act 1774- intolerable or coercive act (following Boston tea party of 1773) o Geographic identity Independence: Philosophies The enlightenment - Republicanism - the people hold popular sovereignty, rather than the people being subjects of a monarch Common sense- Thomas Paine - Common Sense is a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1775–76 advocating independence from Great Britain to people in the Thirteen Colonies. Identities – unite or die each part of the snake represents a colony. In order to survive you must unite the colonies. Loyalists o financial costs o 15-20% of the white population goes to loyalist o declaration of independence Women and the revolution o not everyone had rights o women o slaves o women should have rights because they are effected too. Slaves and the revolution o slaves joined British Revolution won o gave spain florida Key Terms and concepts o French and Indian war o Proclamation of 1763 o Impact of the enlightenment, republicanism, common sense o New American identities o Loyalists o Status of women o Slavery under independence o New Frontier established.
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