POSC 315 POSC 315
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffani Notetaker on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 315 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by D. Adams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Politics and Policy Making in America in Political Science at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
NOTES FROM 8/24/16 POSC 315 I. POLITICS AND THE POLICY PROCESS A. POLITICS 1. The art and science of government 2. How a society organizes itself 3. How we govern ourselves B. QUICK POLITICAL THEORY 1. The Greeks a. How best to organize society 2. Machiavelli a. Policy is an activity of a sustaining power b. Information is key to the art 3. Bacon a. Policy is the use of knowledge for government b. Balance a. Sustained balance of society 4. Enlightenment Thinkers a. Policy for government should be based on a social contract a. Social contract theory b. Free markets c. Religious toleration d. Private property b. Republican or Democratic governance c. Montesquieu a. Separation of powers 5. Reform Liberalism a. John Rawls a. A theory of justice i. Maximize the benefits of society for the least advantaged 1. Maximin principle a. Balance 6. Other balancing forces a. Karl Marx b. Mark Weber a. Balance is not always this equilibrium b. Strong try to overcome the weak 7. Use of Social Science a. Social science for information to create and sustain balance 8. Policy and who gets what, when, and how a. Contextualize problems II. TENSIONS IS THE POLICY SCIENCES A. Policy change 1. How does it happen 2. By relationship 3. By manipulation a. Can change happen without government? b. Broken Window Theory a. Change by social movement i. Public vs private III. PUBLIC POLICY FOR THE COMMON GOOD A. Policy is 1. Meaning making 2. A statement about what a government/society intends to do about a problem 3. What government/society chooses not to do a. ‘Doing not doing’ 4. Symbols B. Goals of the policy process 1. Solve, not regulate 2. Bring together multiple parts 3. Activate local knowledge 4. Increase citizen capacity for self-governance 5. Attempt to produce and sustain positive civic spaces 6. Continuity C. The public interest 1. The assumed broad desires of the public, in whom name policy is made