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CONT. Ancient China

by: Myrissa Webb

CONT. Ancient China HIST 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > HIST 1010 > CONT Ancient China
Myrissa Webb
GPA 4.0

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Lecture on 9/7/16
World history 1
Dr. Bohannan
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myrissa Webb on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Bohannan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
CONT. Ancient China Philosophies. There are three main long term philosophies emerging. First one is Confucianism. Confucius was the founder and his friend, Mencius, help him. He had writings called Analects. He focused on the social nature of people and that we need each other. Jen is the social nature of people. Yi was just/right action. 1) We need to spend time thinking and reflecting on our basic social nature 2) we need to act accordingly. He also believed it was essential for society to be organized into Hierarchical Relationships (superior/Inferior). For example, the people need to obey the emperor. Emperor's really embraced this philosophy because it put them at the top of the chain. People had to obey them. Filial Piety refers to the reverence expected. Another Philosophy was Daoism. Lao-tze founded it and his slogan was "Get back with nature" They see civilization and society as corrupting people. Society has forced people to live unnaturally and that produced anger, hatred, jealousy, and evil. He believes in the individual. Huge emphasis on what is natural for the individual. Nature is good, but civilization corrupts. It is also an approach to government called Laissez-faire (government should be minimalist) Let it do as it is natural. This is very different than other Chinese philosophy and doesn’t give the emperors much power. Legalism. Law and Order philosophy. It sures up the emperor’s power. He should have a lot of laws and they should be enforced. Opposite of Daoism and Laissez- faire. It is all about the emperor, his laws, and his enforcement. A lot of Chinese emperors liked this.


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