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Intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Four

by: Taylor Baker

Intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Four 1123

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > Geography > 1123 > Intro to World Geography GR 1123 Week Four
Taylor Baker

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these notes continue Middle America. and begin the notes for Test 2.
Intro world geography
Class Notes
geography, world, intro, notes, Lecture Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Baker on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro world geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Intro to World Geography Week 4 Notes­ September 6­9, 2016 Volcanism ­ eruption of lava and rock fragments and gas explosions ­ they take the path of least resistance to the surface ­ they corresponds to borders between tectonic plates Montserrat ­ Soufriere Hills Volcano ­ French for ‘sulphur outlet” ­ volcano itself is dormant ­ when it erupted in 1995, it destroyed the town of    Plymouth City ­ southern half of the island is the exclusion zone.  ­ it is still uninhabitable Paricutin, Mexico ­ it is part of the ring of fire ­ made through convergent tectonic plates ­ the volcano rose in the middle of a cornfield, after a    week it reached 5 stories tall and kept growing  slowly ­ it erupted continuously for 8 years ­ it is still considered a hot volcano ­ considered monogenetic­ once it erupts it wont erupt    again Culture of Middle America: The Mayan Civilization: ­ 3,000 BCE to 900 CE ­ comprised mostly of the Yucatan Peninsula area of Mexico,  Guatemala, and Belize ­ Capitol : Mayapan ­ other large cities: Uxmal, Tulu, Chicken Itza ­ Political Organization: City­States ­ they are a culturally “complex” society ­ they farmed, created a mayan calendar, created their    own language, and artistic the Aztec Civilization ­ ca. 13000 CE to 1521 CE ­ located mostly in central Mexico ­ an empire of Nahuatl tribes ­ Capitol City: Tenochtitlan (now modern­day Mexico City) ­ Political Organization: “Triple Alliance” (three city    states) ­ culture: didn't invent much ­ sewage systems; walls to protect crops; domesticated    corn, cocoa beans Spanish Conquest ­ conquistador Hernan Cortez ­ Montezuma II ­ Aztec Emperor ­ laid siege to Tenochtitlan in 1521 with 600 spaniards and    ca. 3000 indigenous tribesmen (aztec enemies) ­ Infectious disease ­ small pox killed half the aztec    population ­ cultural and spiritual conquest (conversion to    Catholosism) Spanish Colonialism ­ conquista ­ began in the early 1500s  ­ first in the Caribbean (hispanola) ­ region divided into numerous individual colonial    territories ­ Military superiority (muskets and horses) ­ lack of unity among indigenous groups that the    Spanish encountered ­ impact on the indigenous population ­ scattered grounds of people living in the    subsistence economies ­ disease brought by the europeans ­ decimated the indigenous population ­ latin american population fell from about 60    million in 1500 to 15 million in 1650 Colonial Experience ­ religion ­ major concern for the europeans, especially of the spanish ­ religious conversion to catholicism: ­ occurred on a massive scale ­ religious infrastructur e was among the early priorities  of the colonial powers: churches, convents, cathedrals ­ presence of the church is felt virtually everywhere in    Latin America today Median­American War (1846­1848) ­ came to an agreement through the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo  (1848) ­ Gadsden Purchase: an agreement was made between Mexico and the  United States for territory ­ U.S. Mexico Border ­ NAFTA ­ north american free trade agreement ­ changed Mexico’s economy ­ goal was to free up trade and make products cheaper ­ raw materials into Mexico­ finished goods into US ­ created a massive boom of cities along the border ­ 4000 factories employing 1.2 million people (2001) ­ Maquiladora s ­ largely women making 50 cents an hour ­ getting better with AC and $1­2 an hour wage ­ electronics, clothing, plastics, furniture,  appliances, and auto parts


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