Intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Four
Intro to World Geography - GR 1123 Week Four 1123
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Baker on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Staff in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro world geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Intro to World Geography Week 4 Notes September 69, 2016 Volcanism eruption of lava and rock fragments and gas explosions they take the path of least resistance to the surface they corresponds to borders between tectonic plates Montserrat Soufriere Hills Volcano French for ‘sulphur outlet” volcano itself is dormant when it erupted in 1995, it destroyed the town of Plymouth City southern half of the island is the exclusion zone. it is still uninhabitable Paricutin, Mexico it is part of the ring of fire made through convergent tectonic plates the volcano rose in the middle of a cornfield, after a week it reached 5 stories tall and kept growing slowly it erupted continuously for 8 years it is still considered a hot volcano considered monogenetic once it erupts it wont erupt again Culture of Middle America: The Mayan Civilization: 3,000 BCE to 900 CE comprised mostly of the Yucatan Peninsula area of Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize Capitol : Mayapan other large cities: Uxmal, Tulu, Chicken Itza Political Organization: CityStates they are a culturally “complex” society they farmed, created a mayan calendar, created their own language, and artistic the Aztec Civilization ca. 13000 CE to 1521 CE located mostly in central Mexico an empire of Nahuatl tribes Capitol City: Tenochtitlan (now modernday Mexico City) Political Organization: “Triple Alliance” (three city states) culture: didn't invent much sewage systems; walls to protect crops; domesticated corn, cocoa beans Spanish Conquest conquistador Hernan Cortez Montezuma II Aztec Emperor laid siege to Tenochtitlan in 1521 with 600 spaniards and ca. 3000 indigenous tribesmen (aztec enemies) Infectious disease small pox killed half the aztec population cultural and spiritual conquest (conversion to Catholosism) Spanish Colonialism conquista began in the early 1500s first in the Caribbean (hispanola) region divided into numerous individual colonial territories Military superiority (muskets and horses) lack of unity among indigenous groups that the Spanish encountered impact on the indigenous population scattered grounds of people living in the subsistence economies disease brought by the europeans decimated the indigenous population latin american population fell from about 60 million in 1500 to 15 million in 1650 Colonial Experience religion major concern for the europeans, especially of the spanish religious conversion to catholicism: occurred on a massive scale religious infrastructur e was among the early priorities of the colonial powers: churches, convents, cathedrals presence of the church is felt virtually everywhere in Latin America today MedianAmerican War (18461848) came to an agreement through the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) Gadsden Purchase: an agreement was made between Mexico and the United States for territory U.S. Mexico Border NAFTA north american free trade agreement changed Mexico’s economy goal was to free up trade and make products cheaper raw materials into Mexico finished goods into US created a massive boom of cities along the border 4000 factories employing 1.2 million people (2001) Maquiladora s largely women making 50 cents an hour getting better with AC and $12 an hour wage electronics, clothing, plastics, furniture, appliances, and auto parts
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