POSC 315 POSC 315
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffani Notetaker on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POSC 315 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by D. Adams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Politics and Policy Making in America in Political Science at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
NOTES FROM 8/31/16 POSC 315 Chapter 2i Elements of the Policy Process I. MODELS OF THE POLICY PROCESS A. The stages of model 1. Issue emergence 2. Agenda setting 3. Policy alternative selection 4. Enactment 5. Implementation 6. Evaluation Incrementalism used if the policy didn’t work or Continuation of funding a. Strengths a. Useful for organization b. Understand important elements b. Weaknesses a. Policies may not reach each stage b. Not always so neat B. The systems model Elections Laws Public Opinion Regulations Media Coverage Political system Decisions Communication from elected or administrative officials POLICY ENTREPRENEUR NOTES FROM 8/31/16 POSC 315 II. THE POLICY ENVIRONMENT (INSIDE THE BLACK BOX) A. The structural environment 1. Branches 2. Separation of powers 3. Federalism 4. Legal structures 5. Public meetings 6. ~90,000 governments 7. Public scrutiny B. The social environment 1. Demographers’ data a. Growing but aging population b. Changing ethnic and racial population characteristics c. Changing gender patterns in classrooms and workforce 2. Implication for policy a. Workforce b. Immigration c. Chancing color lines a. Assimilation issues C. The political environment 1. “The most important problem” a. The national mood a. Most affected by the economy b. Measured through polls and surveys c. Approval ratings D. The economic environment 1. Wealth 2. Size of industry 3. Rate of growth 4. Inflation levels 5. Cost of goods and labor 6. Raw materials a. GDP NOTES FROM 8/31/16 POSC 315 7. Budget deficit/ surplus 8. National debt 9. Policies a. Transfer payments (51% of spending) b. Tax expenditures (deductions) 10. Unemployment rate 11. Wealth distribution a. Tax policies benefit wealthy a. Sales tax b. Hard to be middle class Macro Polity as system Vote with wallets iAn Introduction to the Policy Process 4 Edition, Thomas A. Birkland