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PHIL-P140 Mill's Utilitarianism Chapter 4 Notes

by: Kathryn Brinser

PHIL-P140 Mill's Utilitarianism Chapter 4 Notes PHIL-P 140

Marketplace > Indiana University > PHIL-P 140 > PHIL P140 Mill s Utilitarianism Chapter 4 Notes
Kathryn Brinser
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About this Document

Covers "what utilitarianism is" and objections to it.
Introduction to Ethics
Daniel Linsenbardt
Class Notes
phil-p140, ethics, Mill, Utilitarianism
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brinser on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL-P 140 at Indiana University taught by Daniel Linsenbardt in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
P140 John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism Chapter 4 Notes- Of What Sort of Proof the Principle of Utility is Susceptible 9-1-16  Not possible to prove any first principles by reason  Only proof of desirability of something is human desire for it  It is a fact that happiness is good- all people desire their own happiness o Happiness is at least one goal and requirement of morality  To show this, must show people only desire happiness  Mill: people desire virtue, which is often distinguished from happiness; we only want virtue because it is part of happiness  Happiness is a whole with parts; virtue is a part, promotes general happiness, so desire of virtue encouraged  Anything desired for reasons other than achieving happiness is because it is part of happiness o Proving utilitarianism involves psychology o Issue: is it true that people only desire things as parts of happiness/a means to it?  Answered by inward reflection and observation of other people  Impartial/competent reflection shows that desiring something = thinking it is pleasant  Only possible objection: moral will different from physical/emotional desire; virtuous people disregard physical/emotional  All will stems from desire o If we will something we no longer desire, due to force of habit


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