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ART 260 Lecture Notes for Tues 9/6 - PALEOLITHIC (2/2)

by: Ayana Hyberger

ART 260 Lecture Notes for Tues 9/6 - PALEOLITHIC (2/2) ART 260

Marketplace > University of Nevada - Las Vegas > ART 260 > ART 260 Lecture Notes for Tues 9 6 PALEOLITHIC 2 2
Ayana Hyberger


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About this Document

Second section of notes for Paleolithic Art.
Art History I
Patricia Baley
Class Notes
Art History, Art, history
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ayana Hyberger on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 260 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Patricia Baley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
KEY:  VOCABULARY  ART PIECES  GROUPED CONCEPTS  PALEOLITHIC [CONT.]  TYPES OF PIGMENTS   ● Ground up minerals  ○ All earth tones   ● Mix up with saliva  ● Blow pigment through a reed or animal bone or chew stick for paint brush   SPOTTED HORSES AND NEGATIVE HAND IMPRINTS (PG. 21, 1­9)  ● Painted with ochre   ● c. 23,000­22,000 BCE  ● Dots around the horses may represent stones  ● Meaning unclear   ● Heads disproportionately smaller than the body   ● Hand placed nearby, could be signed work (uncertain)   ○ Most hand impressions are from women (uncertain)   COMMUNITY OF CONCEPTS OF PALEOLITHIC ART   ● OVERLAPPING OF ANIMALS   ○ Caves are dark, not necessarily aware of overlapping   ● ANIMALS IN PROFILE, STANDING OR RUNNING   ● NATURALISTIC RENDERINGS OF ANIMALS   ○ Without reference  ● DEPICTS SUBSISTENCE ANIMALS   ○ But not exclusively  ○ Bison, vicks, mammoths, horses  ● FEW HUMANS DEPICTED  ○ Not necessarily naturalistic   ● ANIMALS DEPICTED IN​ TWISTED PERSPECTIVE  ○ EX. BISON ­ Bison in profile, but horns not   ○ Shows all the beast’s main features   CAVES   ● Preserved because it had been closed off for so long   ● Discovered because of young boys whose dog had perhaps  ent in  ● HALL OF THE BULLS (PG. ??, 1­1)  ○  c. 16,000­14,000 BCE  ○ Was once open to the public, but recreated and closed off   ○ Animals have different scales and ground lines   ○ We see it as one single image, but due to the dim light, animals were overlapped  over time accidentally  ○ Images look flat, however, they are over jagged walls  ○ Mix of outline and silhouetted images   ○ Largest bull is 16 ft long   ○ Symbols and patterns that were perhaps meaningful to  hem  ● RHINOCEROS, WOUNDED MAN AND DISEMBOWELED BISON  (WELL SCENE) (PG.22, 1­10)  ○ c. 16,000­14,000 BCE  ○ At the bottom of a shaft (16 meters)  ■ Very inconvenient to get to   ○ Depictions  ■ Rhinoceros with some sort of dots  ■ Bird on a stick   ■ Man with perhaps a penis and a bird­like head  ■ Bison perhaps knocking down the man, with a broken spear and his guts  hanging out   ○ We don’t quite know what it means or what it is truly depicting   ● PERSPECTIVE IS DIFFERENT   ○ Seen from the painter’s perspective, the length of body and neck may be  elongated   ○ Seen from below in the viewer’s perspective, it seems to be more compact   ○ They chose to be influenced by the surface on which they painted ● CHAUVET CAVE  ○ location of the presumably oldest known cave paintings  ■ Found in the Ardéche region of France  ■ Discovered by Jean­Marie Chauvet and his companions December  24, 1994  ■ See: CHAUVET CAVE MOVIE (NOTES)**  ○ AUROCHS, HORSES AND RHINOCEROSES (PG. 23, 1­11)  ■  Chauvet Cave c. 30,000­28,000 BCE or 15,000­13,000 BCE  ■ Lack of twisted perspective usage  ■ Carbon dating estimation said to be contaminated   ● Confirmed logical step by step advance in art   ■ Depicted animals  ● Approximately 300 depictions of animals  ● Cave bears  ○ Bear claw scratch marks on the walls deeper in the cave  ● Dangerous beasts  ○ Approximately 60% of the animals are dangerous, possible  threats to the cave dwellers  ● Repeating lines on RHINO   ○ Could imply multiple rhinos   ○ Could imply movement  ■ Not of this time   ● Exaggerated rhino   ● Outline of a bear   ○ Possibly never finished  ■ Or could have just eroded away over time 


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