PSY 320 Week 3 Notes
PSY 320 Week 3 Notes PSY 320
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
verified elite notetaker
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erin Wade on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at Colorado State University taught by Martha D Amberg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Colorado State University.
Reviews for PSY 320 Week 3 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/09/16
9/7/16 Prevention Programs Primary prevention stopping the development of disorders before they start ● Help people the best we can from very early stages and create environment that does not feed development of disorders Secondary prevention detecting a disorder at its earliest stages to prevent the development of the fullblown disorder ● When people are young children, try to detect problems then and help them learn coping skills and techniques Tertiary prevention preventing relapse and reducing the impact of the disorder on the person’s quality of life ● After the fact, doing the best they can Chapter 3 Assessment Tools Validity accuracy, testing what we think we are Reliability consistency, get similar results if you repeat test Standardization standard method of administering a test, to try to ensure validity and reliability ● Prevents influence of extraneous factors Types of Validity Face validity it looks like it measures what it should Construct validity whether it actually measures what it is supposed to Content validity contains every important aspect, don’t just focus in on one specific point Concurrent validity same results as other tests Predictive validity able to predict behavior (likelihood of someone’s depression escalating to self harm, or ACT predicting performance in college) Types of Reliability Testretest reliability multiple administrations of test to check for similar results Alternate forms 2 versions of test to see if you are actually getting the same information with both Split half randomly divide test into two versions and see how they correlate with each other Internal reliability different parts produce similar responses Interrater/Interjudge reliability How similarly different raters/interviewers are coding data/answers Clinical Interview Initial interview mental status exam ● Appearance and behavior self care reflects how we feel ● Thought processes how long it takes them to answer a question/how they react to questions ● Mood and affect laughing when talking about something funny, being sad when talking about sad topics ● Intellectual functioning ● Orientation Structured Interview constitute a series of questions about symptoms experienced currently or in the past ● Has a standardized format ● Concrete criteria is used to score person’s answers ● Standardization is good, get a lot of information, but since there is a concrete format you may not ask a question that you should have Symptoms Questionnaire Cover variety of symptoms, representing several different disorders Beck depression inventory (BDI) ● 21 items, each describes four levels of a symptoms of depression ● Criticism does not distinguish clinical depression from general distress Personality Inventories Questionnaires to assess typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving ● Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) ○ MMPI2 567 true/false questions ○ People lose interest because it is so long, but it is still the most used MMPI2 Validity Scales The ? Scale # items unanswered “cannot say” ● 30+ invalid Lie (L) deliberately answering in dishonest manner ● Present in favorable light unrealistic F detect unusual or atypical ways of answering the test items ● Randomly fill out the test ● Faking bad or good ● Back F (F^b) same issues as the F scale, except only during the last half of the test ● High F and Fb scale invalidates the whole test K identify psychopathology in people who otherwise would have profiles within the normal range. It measures selfcontrol, and family and interpersonal relationships Behavioral Observation Clinician observes and identifies what precedes and follows behaviors ● Advantage not relying on individuals’ reporting and interpretation ● Disadvantage alter behavior when being watched 9/9/16 SelfMonitoring Keeping track of own behavior ● Biases ○ They may not notice certain behaviors that they are displaying ○ Reluctance to report behavior that they may not be proud of Intelligence Tests Measures intellectual strengths and weaknesses ● Abstract reasoning ● Verbal fluency ● Spatial memory Designed to identify students that may be struggling in order to help them Consensus of intelligence? ● IQ tests maybe don’t measure all areas of intelligence Biased toward middle and upperclass educated European Americans Neuropsychological Tests Detect cognitive deficits related to brain structures BenderGestalt assesses sensorimotor skills ● Reproduce set of nine drawings ● Differentiates brain damage from those without brain damage ○ Does not reliably identify specific type of damage BrainImaging Techniques Computerized tomography (CT) ● Elevated cat scan ● Highlight lesions, but doesn’t tell us anything about when the brain is in action Positronemission tomography (PET) ● Inject something and watch it move through the brain ● Highlight lesions Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) Projective Tests Provide an ambiguous stimuli ● Response will reflect current concerns and feelings ● Relationships ● Conflicts and desires Useful in: ● Uncovering unconscious issues ● Resistant or heavily biasing information Frequently used tests: ● Rorschach Inkblot Test ○ Ambiguous symmetrical inkblots ● Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Challenges in Assessment Resistance and inability to provide information Evaluating children ● Hard to get them to focus ● Can’t ask them straight out questions about rough things Evaluating individuals across cultures ● Language barriers ● Cultural barriers Diagnosis Syndrome set of symptoms that occur together and what that specific set represents ● Syndromes tend to cooccur within individuals multiple diagnoses in the same person Classification system rules to determine whether symptoms are a part of a syndrome ● Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)