Popular in History through Disney
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Nemeth on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 113-007 at Indiana State University taught by Prof. Phillips in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see History through Disney in History at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Kansas City and Animation (1920’s) Young men trying to make a business successful o High competition (no guarantee of success) If they failed they could bounce back since the economy was so good o Lots of ups and downs Searching for perfect amusement formula Walt was only one of the many people in the amusement business Manhood and masculinity Walt’s talents were drawing and cartooning o Drawing isn’t masculine o Making a successful business is the masculine part o Elias didn’t think drawing was worth anything Appeal to reason Walt learned how to draw and cartoon by mimicking what he saw o Newspapers Walt first made newspaper advertisements Iwerks and Disney (met in Kansas City) Started a business at 18 as commercial artists Lasted 1 month Iwerks and Disney went to work for Kansas City Film Ad Company They improved the technique of the company o Added gags (comics) Newman LaughOGrams Stop action photography Draw every little movement and detail Walt tried to start a business at 22 LaughOGram Films (different from LaughOGrams) Gets $15,000 in funding/backing Hired 6 artists (including a painter and inker) Walt is a business manager and salesman Fails because not enough shorts were bought Walt moved to Hollywood Went to be with Roy while he was recovering from sickness Wanted to be a movie director o Couldn’t find a job o Sold shorts as if there was already a company so that he could start one Lied to get the job Started new studio o Brought workers from LaughOGram Films o Ub Iwerks was the best animator o Disney was good at it, but better at story development, direction, and production o They started to get consistent orders for shorts Universal Pictures stole Oswald the Lucky Rabbit New Emphasis on Mass Culture Leisure Vaudeville o Live entertainment (lower class) o Slapstick humor Slapstick humor became more acceptable in 1920’s Entertainment blurred class distinctions Eugene Debs (field trip to his house) Ran for president 5 times (from jail the 5 time) In prison he was friends with the inmates They had a nice house because of his wife’s inherited money o 7 fireplaces At least one fireplace made from imported marble All of the fancy/expensive stuff bought with wife’s money The average person (who cared about news/politics) read 57 newspapers and were in debating societies Working class worked 14 hours a day Debs was a good painter Debs started a union and represented locomotive firemen His family had a stable income Rand School kids learned about capitalism Appeal to reason magazine Desk hasn’t been opened since 1926 Murals in the attic were started in 1976 o Timeline showing what/whom Debs influenced Antiprison Thinks systematically not personally o If someone stole something he’d ask why they were put in the situation they had to steal, so he wouldn’t view it as their fault Great Depression (19291941) Agriculture in the 1930’s o Dustbowls o Over production FDR paid farmers to not plant crops (gave soil a break so it could be useful the next year) Day laborer didn’t have an actual job, went to hope to be chosen to work for someone for the day o Normally colored women (men left women with the kids as they went to get a job) o Normally white rich women getting the help and they paid whatever they felt like (normally $5 a day) Middle class hurting as well, not just the poor No safety net (banks failed) Mickey mouse watch on sale $3.25 o Disney didn’t think they would sell but Kamen convinced him to try o Very successful Instinctive population shaped by provincial Midwest o Bought a feeling o In the 20’s they bought stuff to feel good o Identify with Disney Politics o Populists: farmers, antiwealthy elite o Value associated with common man Instinctive populism: common man, provincial Midwest o Sense of happiness/safety Petty bourgeois populism o Belief/emphasis in buying something o Merchants o Populism that didn’t want to overthrow communism but used some characteristic of communism
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