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HIST 113

by: Payton Nemeth

HIST 113 HIST 113-007

Payton Nemeth
GPA 3.742

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About this Document

These notes cover Walt's start in animation, our field trip to Deb's house, and the Great Depression.
History through Disney
Prof. Phillips
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Payton Nemeth on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 113-007 at Indiana State University taught by Prof. Phillips in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see History through Disney in History at Indiana State University.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
Kansas City and Animation (1920’s)  Young men trying to make a business successful o High competition (no guarantee of success)  If they failed they could bounce back since the economy was so good  o Lots of ups and downs Searching for perfect amusement formula  Walt was only one of the many people in the amusement business Manhood and masculinity  Walt’s talents were drawing and cartooning o Drawing isn’t masculine o Making a successful business is the masculine part o Elias didn’t think drawing was worth anything Appeal to reason  Walt learned how to draw and cartoon by mimicking what he saw o Newspapers Walt first made newspaper advertisements Iwerks and Disney (met in Kansas City)  Started a business at 18 as commercial artists  Lasted 1 month Iwerks and Disney went to work for Kansas City Film Ad Company  They improved the technique of the company o Added gags (comics) Newman Laugh­O­Grams  Stop action photography   Draw every little movement and detail Walt tried to start a business at 22  Laugh­O­Gram Films (different from Laugh­O­Grams)  Gets $15,000 in funding/backing   Hired 6 artists (including a painter and inker)  Walt is a business manager and salesman  Fails because not enough shorts were bought Walt moved to Hollywood  Went to be with Roy while he was recovering from sickness  Wanted to be a movie director o Couldn’t find a job o Sold shorts as if there was already a company so that he could start one  Lied to get the job  Started new studio o Brought workers from Laugh­O­Gram Films o Ub Iwerks was the best animator  o Disney was good at it, but better at story development, direction, and production o They started to get consistent orders for shorts Universal Pictures stole Oswald the Lucky Rabbit New Emphasis on Mass Culture Leisure  Vaudeville o Live entertainment (lower class) o Slapstick humor  Slapstick humor became more acceptable in 1920’s   Entertainment blurred class distinctions Eugene Debs (field trip to his house)  Ran for president 5 times (from jail the 5  time)  In prison he was friends with the inmates  They had a nice house because of his wife’s inherited money o 7 fireplaces  At least one fireplace made from imported marble  All of the fancy/expensive stuff bought with wife’s money  The average person (who cared about news/politics) read 5­7 newspapers and were in  debating societies  Working class worked 14 hours a day  Debs was a good painter  Debs started a union and represented locomotive firemen   His family had a stable income  Rand School­ kids learned about capitalism  Appeal to reason magazine  Desk hasn’t been opened since 1926  Murals in the attic were started in 1976 o Timeline showing what/whom Debs influenced   Anti­prison   Thinks systematically not personally o If someone stole something he’d ask why they were put in the situation they had  to steal, so he wouldn’t view it as their fault  Great Depression (1929­1941)  Agriculture in the 1930’s o Dustbowls o Over production   FDR paid farmers to not plant crops (gave soil a break so it could be useful the next year)  Day laborer­ didn’t have an actual job, went to hope to be chosen to work for someone  for the day o Normally colored women (men left women with the kids as they went to get a  job) o Normally white rich women getting the help and they paid whatever they felt like  (normally $5 a day)  Middle class hurting as well, not just the poor  No safety net (banks failed)  Mickey mouse watch on sale $3.25 o Disney didn’t think they would sell but Kamen convinced him to try o Very successful  Instinctive population shaped by provincial Midwest o Bought a feeling  o In the 20’s they bought stuff to feel good o Identify with Disney  Politics o Populists: farmers, anti­wealthy elite o Value associated with common man  Instinctive populism: common man, provincial Midwest o Sense of happiness/safety  Petty bourgeois populism o Belief/emphasis in buying something o Merchants o Populism that didn’t want to overthrow communism but used some characteristic  of communism


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