Greek Mythology Notes and Readings Week Three
Greek Mythology Notes and Readings Week Three CLAS 1100-001
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabby Scott on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1100-001 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Edwin Lansford in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology (lecture) in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/6/16 Class 5 Notes Creation of Human Beings Greek Creation Story Mortals created by minor god, Prometheus; made from clay Humans seen as superior because created from gods Prometheus: name suggests “forethought”, can see the future Complex figure: creator, prophet, their, divine rebel, savior Different stories perceive him in different ways Relationship with Zeus is antagonistic b/c Prometheus loves mortals and Zeus does not Zeus reverts to strategy of Cronus and eats wife whose next baby is anticipated to overthrow Zeus; Athena born from the head of Zeus after this; female with masculine thought and behavior Sacrifice at Mecone First sacrifice that started the tradition in Greek culture This myth is etiological Tricked Zeus into accepting inedible bones wrapped in fat Hesiod says Zeus saw through the trick and already had plans of suffering to inflict on mortals Prometheus and Zeus after trick Zeus’ first reaction: withdraws fire from mortals Prometheus then steals fire from heavens to give to humans Zeus’ second reaction: As punishment, Prometheus is chained to rock in Sythia (“Prometheus Bound”); eagle eats his liver everyday but because he is immortal, it grows back each time Zeus’ third reaction: creation of women with a concept to be beautiful and irresistible on the outside but full of lies and danger on the inside Pandora: first woman Pandora has a box that is said to be contained with lies, death, etc. “Greek Eve”: Pandora opens box out of irresistible desire and releases all that is bad; said to explain the existence of suffering, death, and battle of the sexes Women related to Earth: special relationship with the cycle of life Because of menstruation, women seen as unclean and polluted> so have a connection with death and are the only ones to deal with the dead Aeschylus: story writer with different version of story between Prometheus and Zeus Prometheus supports Zeus Bringer of culture: taught mortals things like numbers, calendar, and different studies Prometheus’ secret: knows the identity of the woman whose child will overthrow Zeus; Thetis Zeus uses fire and brimstone to try and pummel secret out of Prometheus Unbounding Prometheus: Zeus learned to be less imperious and Prometheus to be less intransigent (both maybes) Protagoras: fable Epimetheus distributes abilities to all creatures; left none for human beings so left without defense Prometheus punished for helping mortals Bible Creation Story Creation of man by Yaweh Eve could not resist forbidden fruit on tree; reflects Pandora When Adam and Eve eat fruit, eyes are sort of opened to the reality that they were naked and thus what they could do with that Yahweh is very angry and punishes them and all humans: Sexuality and sexual desire is said to be consequence of sin of Adam and Eve Pain in childbearing Labor Must leave paradise and fend for themselves in the wild, us now Death Hesiod: The Five Races of Men 1.) The Golden Age: race of gold; everything was perfect in the past; under rule of Cronus 2.) Silver: first turned to violence and destroyed by Zeus 3.) Bronze: warlike and invincible but eventually die out 4.) Heroic: race of heroes of the Trojan War and preceding generations 5.) Iron: Hesiod’s own generation; time of hardship which we still live in now Yahweh uses flood to rid of humans because they have become so destructive 9/8/16 Class 6 Epictetus: Is god willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not omnipotent Is he able, but not willing? Then he is malevolent Is he both able and willing? Then whence evil Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God Polytheism Aphrodite: goddess of sex; beauty like no other; cannot resist traits Aphrodite aka cannot resist sex Sex is not only healthy and natural, it is an aspect of worship Sexual purity: another divine quality; Artemis= patron goddess for unmarried and virgin girls Gods form a ‘system’ that covers every aspect of human experience; in order to live full and healthy life, must worship all gods equally The Olympian Gods Hestia replaced by Dionysus: Lord of the vine Hades, Lord of the Dead, technically not an Olympian b/c resides in underworld not Olympus Hermes: patron of travelers and merchants Zeus: (refer to reading notes) Ares: only Olympian child of Zeus and Hera; god of war and personification of bloodlust Muses Apollo is the leader Entertainment group for Olympians *tricky clicker question: How many Muses were there? Nine* Apollo and Artemis were Zeus’ favorite children Ganymede: prince of Trojan who became cupbearer for Zeus The Fates: (refer to reading notes) Even Zeus is subject to Fate
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