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Greek Mythology Notes and Readings Week Three

by: Gabby Scott

Greek Mythology Notes and Readings Week Three CLAS 1100-001

Gabby Scott
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

The handwritten notes are from Chapter 5 and 6 in the book and the typed up notes are from Tuesday September 6 and Thursday September 8. Make sure to look over both sets of notes as some have more ...
Greek Mythology (lecture)
Edwin Lansford
Class Notes
Zeus, Poseidon, olympians, hera
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabby Scott on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1100-001 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Edwin Lansford in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology (lecture) in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.

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Date Created: 09/09/16
9/6/16 Class 5 Notes Creation of Human Beings Greek Creation Story ­ Mortals created by minor god, Prometheus; made from clay ­ Humans seen as superior because created from gods ­ Prometheus: name suggests “forethought”, can see the future  ­ Complex figure: creator, prophet, their, divine rebel, savior ­ Different stories perceive him in different ways  ­ Relationship with Zeus is antagonistic b/c Prometheus loves mortals and Zeus does not ­ Zeus reverts to strategy of Cronus and eats wife whose next baby is anticipated to overthrow  Zeus; Athena born from the head of Zeus after this; female with masculine thought and behavior ­ Sacrifice at Mecone ­ First sacrifice that started the tradition in Greek culture ­ This myth is etiological  ­ Tricked Zeus into accepting inedible bones wrapped in fat  ­ Hesiod says Zeus saw through the trick and already had plans of suffering to inflict on  mortals Prometheus and Zeus after trick ­ Zeus’ first reaction:  withdraws fire from mortals ­ Prometheus then steals fire from heavens to give to humans ­ Zeus’ second reaction: As punishment, Prometheus is chained to rock in Sythia (“Prometheus  Bound”); eagle eats his liver everyday but because he is immortal, it grows back each time ­ Zeus’ third reaction: creation of women with a concept to be beautiful and irresistible on the  outside but full of lies and danger on the inside ­ Pandora: first woman ­ Pandora has a box that is said to be contained with lies, death, etc.  ­ “Greek Eve”: Pandora opens box out of irresistible desire and releases all that is bad;  said to explain the existence of suffering, death, and battle of the sexes  Women ­ related to Earth: special relationship with the cycle of life  ­ Because of menstruation, women seen as unclean and polluted> so have a connection with  death and are the only ones to deal with the dead Aeschylus: story writer with different version of story between Prometheus and Zeus ­ Prometheus supports Zeus  ­ Bringer of culture: taught mortals things like numbers, calendar, and different studies  ­ Prometheus’ secret: knows the identity of the woman whose child will overthrow Zeus; Thetis ­ Zeus uses fire and brimstone to try and pummel secret out of Prometheus  ­ Unbounding Prometheus: Zeus learned to be less imperious and Prometheus to be less  intransigent (both maybes)  Protagoras: fable  ­ Epimetheus distributes abilities to all creatures; left none for human beings so left without  defense ­ Prometheus punished for helping mortals Bible Creation Story ­ Creation of man by Yaweh  ­ Eve could not resist forbidden fruit on tree; reflects Pandora ­ When Adam and Eve eat fruit, eyes are sort of opened to the reality that they were naked and  thus what they could do with that ­ Yahweh is very angry and punishes them and all humans:  ­ Sexuality and sexual desire is said to be consequence of sin of Adam and Eve  ­ Pain in childbearing ­ Labor ­ Must leave paradise and fend for themselves in the wild, us now ­ Death Hesiod: The Five Races of Men 1.) The Golden Age: race of gold; everything was perfect in the past; under rule of Cronus 2.)  Silver: first turned to violence and destroyed by Zeus 3.) Bronze: warlike and invincible but eventually die out 4.)  Heroic: race of heroes of the Trojan War and preceding generations 5.) Iron: Hesiod’s own generation; time of hardship which we still live in now  ­ Yahweh uses flood to rid of humans because they have become so destructive  9/8/16 Class 6 Epictetus:  ­ Is god willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then he is not omnipotent ­ Is he able, but not willing? Then he is malevolent ­ Is he both able and willing? Then whence evil ­ Is he neither able nor willing? Then why call him God Polytheism ­ Aphrodite: goddess of sex; beauty like no other; cannot resist traits Aphrodite aka cannot resist  sex  ­ Sex is not only healthy and natural, it is an aspect of worship  ­ Sexual purity: another divine quality; Artemis= patron goddess for unmarried and virgin girls ­ Gods form a ‘system’ that covers every aspect of human experience; in order to live full and  healthy life, must worship all gods equally  The Olympian Gods ­ Hestia replaced by Dionysus: Lord of the vine  ­ Hades, Lord of the Dead, technically not an Olympian b/c resides in underworld not Olympus  ­ Hermes: patron of travelers and merchants  ­ Zeus: (refer to reading notes) ­ Ares: only Olympian child of Zeus and Hera; god of war and personification of blood­lust  ­ Muses ­ Apollo is the leader ­ Entertainment group for Olympians  *tricky clicker question: How many Muses were there? Nine* ­ Apollo and Artemis were Zeus’ favorite children  ­ Ganymede: prince of Trojan who became cupbearer for Zeus  ­ The Fates: (refer to reading notes)  ­ Even Zeus is subject to Fate


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