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PSYC 461 - 1

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by: Tricia Mae Fortuna

PSYC 461 - 1 461

Tricia Mae Fortuna
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About this Document

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology. Basic terms and definitions. Some history information about Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive psychology
John W Webster
Class Notes
Cognitive Psychology, wundt, information processing, pavlov, operant conditioning, cognitive, Map, Analytic, introspection, cognition




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tricia Mae Fortuna on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 461 at Towson University taught by John W Webster in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 96 views. For similar materials see Cognitive psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Towson University.


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Date Created: 09/09/16
461 8/29/2016 COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE 1. MENTAL REPRESENTATIONS: ability to use our sense to take information from our external world. a. Use it to remember stuff b. Representation in our head c. Biological and mind event d. Not accurate just representation i. Imperfections happen while info is coming in. Facts are the same but not correct representations e. Confirmation Bias: Tend to remember something on things we agree with i. Losing Proportion: lose in argument when person has confirmation bias 2. EPISTIMOLOGY: How we got the knowledge and how we know if it’s true 3. METAPHORS & MODELS: Use things that can’t be seen, use things to represent things/conceptualize a. Computer Metaphor: INFORMATION PROCESSING MODEL Input Central Processing Unit Hard Drive Sensory Memory Short Term Memory Long Term Memory b. c. NEURAL NETWORK MODEL: How neurons interact 4. MULTIFACETED: Many aspects in Cognitive Psychology BOOK  COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: the branch of psychology that focuses on the scientific study of the MIND  The MIND is: o Memory o Problem-solver o Create decisions or Consider Possibilities o Healthy Mind = Normal Functioning; Unhealthy Mind = Abnormal Functioning o Valuable & Used o Intelligent & Creative  MIND (definition): creates and controls mental functions (attention, perception, memory, emotions, language, decisions, thoughts, and reasons)  MIND (operation): a system that makes representations of the world to allow us to act and accomplish our goals  COGNITION: definitions o MIND – mental processes (perception, attention, and memory) o HOW THE MIND WORKS & ITS FUNCTIONS: it makes representations and it allows us to act and accomplish goals  STRUCTURALISM: all of our experience is determined by the combination of basic elements of experience called sensations  ANALYTIC INTROSPECTION: a technique where subjects describe their experiences and thought process in response to a stimulus  Operant Conditioning: (Skinner) concerned on how behavior is strengthened through reinforcers and how it is eliminated by punishments o Tolman’s Rate Maze - Cognitive Map: conception of a rat’s mind of the layout of the maze  Cognitive Revolution (1950’s) – shift in psychology from behavioral psychology (stimulus – response) to an approach where the focus is to understand how the mind operates  Artificial Intelligence: (John McCarthy, Math Professor at Dartmouth College) making a machine behave in a way that would be named intelligent as if a human was behaving  Structural Models: representations of a physical structure (model of a building – mimics a real building)  Process Models: representations of processes that involves cognitive mechanisms o Boxes: represent specific processes o Arrows: represent connections between the processes


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