Social Work Research Week 3 Notes
Social Work Research Week 3 Notes SW 3185
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by McKenna Keck on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 3185 at University of Northern Iowa taught by Dr. Ga-Young Choi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Social Work Research in Social Work at University of Northern Iowa.
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Date Created: 09/09/16
Social Work Research Dr. Choi Week 3 Monday, September 5, 2016 No classes. Labor Day! Wednesday, September 7, 2016 Continued from Week 2 notes Chapter 2: Evidence Based Practice… ○ Step 3: Critically Appraise the Relevant Studies You Find ■ Requires knowledge of research methods & designs that will be addressed in future chapters & lectures. ○ Step 4: Determine Which EvidenceBased Intervention is Most Appropriate for your particular client(s) ■ Even evidence based interventions aren’t effective with every client or situation ● You might come up with a great intervention, & you may not have the money to carry out the intervention, the client may not be willing, etc. ● It’s supported by evidence, but not guaranteed. ■ Consider: ● Quality of the evidence ● Client characteristics & context ● Values & expectations of client ■ Evidence based practice might not be a specific intervention, but a particular technique or skill that could help the client. ○ Step 5: Apply the Evidence Based Practice ■ Obtain training in the intervention & readings on how to implement the intervention including treatment manuals ■ Arrange for consultation or supervision ● Consider fellow social workers with this practice wisdom as resources ■ Formulate measurable treatment goals with client to aid in evaluation intervention effectiveness ○ Step 6: Evaluation & Feedback ■ Collaborative measurement & evaluation of set treatment goals ● Maybe you use scales, maybe you keep track of certain goals, etc. ■ Ongoing discussion of evaluation & outcomes with client ■ Share what you have learned ● Communicate findings with relevant colleagues ■ Example: Outcome Number of Cases in Each Treatment Group New Treatment Routine Treatment Successful Outcome 67 33 Unsuccessful Outcome 33 67 ● Even if you see that the new treatment worked better, be careful to jump to conclusions, because there are still 33 people that weren’t helped. You can’t state things in absolute terms. ● Distinguishing the EBP Process from EvidenceBased Practices ○ The EBP process includes the above 6 steps ○ Evidencebased practices are specific programs, policies, or interventions that have been empirically supported. ■ This is what insurance companies are interested in, because it’s what they will pay for. ■ You don’t want to limit yourself to just these, because you need to consider your client. ● Objections to the EBP ○ The therapeutic alliance will be hindered. ■ Some argue use of manualized interventions supported by evidence from RCTs may inhibit relationship building ■ But this criticism ignores the integration of practice expertise in the EBP process ■ It also overlooks the fact that treatment manuals typically emphasize the importance of the therapeutic relationship as part of the manualized intervention ○ Dodo Bird Verdict ■ “Everyone wins the race.” ■ Thinking that as long as you have therapeutic alliance with your clients every intervention you use will be helpful. That’s not what EBP says. If you’re not careful, you could actually harm your clients. Friday, September 9, 2016 Chapter 3: Quantitative, Qualitative, & Mixed Methods of Inquiry Discussed Cochrane & Campbell Collaboration as sources for topdown research. ● These are more reliable than Answers.com, Wikipedia, or just Googling, because you see exactly who did the research, their credentials, there is contact information of the reviewer in case you have questions, the review process is clearly outline (so you can judge it for yourself) etc. ● It’s important to check the date on the articles, to make sure you are getting up to date information (generally, last 35 years), though some older articles still have their own value, especially if it’s a less investigated subject. No lecture today; we did an in class activity & talked about the collaborations. Vocab *Some lines of notes copied directly from slides in order to maintain testing accuracy. Most notes are from lecture & discussion. ** Some vocab copied directly from book or lecture in order to maintain testing accuracy. Some are in my own words for the sake of simplicity.
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