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Laws of Evidence, Overview of Courts

by: Taylor Valdez

Laws of Evidence, Overview of Courts CJ2350

Marketplace > Utah State University > Criminal Justice > CJ2350 > Laws of Evidence Overview of Courts
Taylor Valdez
Utah State University
GPA 3.4
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About this Document

Week 2 recap
Laws of Evidence
Dr. Rachel Walton
Class Notes
Federal Courts, courts, state courts, Criminal Justice, Law, laws, Evidence, court, Jurisdiction




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Valdez on Friday September 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ2350 at Utah State University taught by Dr. Rachel Walton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Laws of Evidence in Criminal Justice at Utah State University.

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Date Created: 09/09/16
LAWS OF EVIDENCE OVERVIEW OF COURTS JURISDICTION In Latin, juris = “law”’; diction = “to speak” Legal Jurisdiction : authority to hear a case Geographical Jurisdiction : area in which exercises legal authority – 52 separate judicial systems (50 states, DC, federal gov.) GENERAL JURISDICTION (Superior/District)  handles all levels (misd/fel/civil)  called a Court of Record w/ transcripts LIMITED JURISDICTION (Municipal/Lower)  misdemeanors, minor & civil matters  majority of cases decided here  decisions by judge, not jury  specialized courts : ˃ traffic ˃ drug ˃ DV ˃ small claims State STATE COURT SYSTEMS Supreme Appelate Lower courts Trial courts Court courts - limited jurisdiction Lower Trial courts courts - may be called: ˃ County courts ˃ District courts ˃ Superior courts ˃ Circuit courts - general and limited jurisdiction - most cases usually begin here - concerned with questions of FACT - jury or bench trials - pleas accepted here - sentencing Appellate courts - every state has at least 1 ˃ Utah (1) – 7 judges serving 6 year terms - review lower court decisions upon appeal - based on written record - no juries - address ONLY questions of LAW ˃ most often issues of evidence - Affirm or Reverse lower court’s decision - issue written opinions – basis for precedent State Supreme Court - has final say on all questions of state law - may appeal to US Supreme Court on questions of federal law/Constitution THE FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM 3-TIERED MODEL U.S. District Courts  trial courts of general jurisdiction and various courts of limited U.S. Courts of Appeals  intermediate courts of appeals The United States Supreme Court SELECTION OF FEDERAL JUDGES – appointed by president, approved by Senate – lifetime appointments


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