PSYC 461 - 2
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tricia Mae Fortuna on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 461 at Towson University taught by John W Webster in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Cognitive psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Towson University.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
461 LECTURE 8/31/2016 Epistemology: theory of knowledge Behavior is driven by our beliefs and our knowledge Rationalism Synthesis Empiricism There is a difference between what you believe is true and what is accurate Plato: What is the truth? Idealism: Someone who knows how to make the world a better place Distinction between the body (initially dies and motivated by lust, anger, etc.) and the spirit Spirit came from a place where it is ideal – objects exist in its perfect form (i.e.. perfect chair) We’re born! Knowledge about the ideal is gone by the trauma of birth Is knowledge true? Plato: You can’t trust your senses to give you accurate information because it’s going to be biased (organs are notoriously inaccurate) Reason it through and separate them from other contexts – to know what is true Knowledge is remembering – we only need a teacher to help us remember Innate Ideas – Knowledge is not acquired; we’re born with it o SCIENCE – go out and look for knowledge (epistemology) Empirically Test – whether it is or is not Measurable – use our senses o Epistemology – to interpret what ideas mean Empiricism: knowledge comes from experience Does not agree with Innate Ideas – we learn Descartes (Rationalist Philosopher): Believed that soul and mind are distinct from body – but we have innate ideas about God and morality Emmanuel Kant: “The great synthesis” took the best arguments of people and made a distinction between the aspects of knowledge that are part of the world we live in (A priori – before we’re born – Innate Ideas) and the knowledge the we learn (a posteriori – what we acquire) THE GREAT SYNTHESIS A PRIORI A POSTERIORI Innate Ideas Facts that we learn Organize & Structure Ideas o Pineal Gland – small organ in the brain that is in the middle – where we come in together. 1879 – Wilhelm Wundt: Established first formal Psychology Laboratory – Sensory processes in the mind PET SCAN – looked at the brain Structuralism: Mind have different structures in a Psychological way – Emotions, perceptions, etc. o Introspection – By: Edward Titchener (Wundt’s student) – looking into yourself by asking yourself different questions (SUBJECTIVE – what you tell me) – technique to try to look into someone’s mind Qualia: Qualities of objects (main problem) – taste that we have, colors we see, etc. o How does wet feel? o How can you tell a person that’s Congenitally Blind, how Red looks like? PHENOMENOLOGY: We live in our heads – we have ideas we recognize – exist within us (internalize) o Different perspectives of humans – how baristas talk to customers and people who work in retail is different
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