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POLS 2312-001 Chapter 2 Notes

by: Nicole Jimenez

POLS 2312-001 Chapter 2 Notes POLS 2312-001

Nicole Jimenez

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About this Document

These notes cover Federalism, a summary of the Texas Constitution, and the Amendment Process. There is also a section for the answers to quiz 2. Feel free to email me if you guys have any questions.
State and Local Government
Kimberly Harper
Class Notes
federalism, texas, amendment, process, constitution
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Jimenez on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 09/10/16
POLS 2312 Chapter 2 September 2, 2016 Federalism I. Federalism: Division of power between the state/regional level against federal/national level a. Federal government always wins b. National Supremacy Clause i. Emphasizes that the U.S Constitution and acts of Congress, as well as U.S treaties, must prevail over state constitutions and laws enacted by state legislatures c. Trends i. Expansion of Federal Cost ii. Devolution: Giving federal finance assistance to faith-based organizations and provide social services for the poor 1. Block Grants II. Delegated Powers a. Expressed b. Enumerated c. Specific III. Implied Powers a. Necessary and Proper Clause i. Congress has power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof. b. Elastic IV. Reserved Powers a. 10 Trend Constitution History I. Not available in print because it is lengthy II. 1866 Reconstruction III. 1869 Gave Texas more power a. E.J. Davis came during Reconstruction with lots of scandals th IV. 1876 was the 7 time to rewrite (most current) and it was reactionary a. Plural Executive i. Dividing the Executive branch between seven people Amendment Process I. House and Senate a. Have a joint resolution needs to be approved by 2/3 vote II. Secretary of State a. Has to publish POLS 2312 Chapter 2 September 2, 2016 III. Voters a. Simple majority IV. Governor V. Recall, referendum, and initiative are only at the local level Texas Constitution Summary I. Article 1: Bill of rights II. Article 2: Separation of powers a. Checks and balances III. Article 3, 4,5: Branches a. Legislative i. Law making ii. Has the power of redistricting 1. Texas House (150 seats) and Texas Senate (31 seats) b. Executive i. Law enforcement c. Judicial i. Law interpretation IV. Article 6: Suffrage Chapter Questions I. The court case, Texas v. White established that Texas cannot secede II. The 10 thAmendment gives states powers III. The Texas Constitution has been amended about 500 times IV. The Bill of Rights is covered in Article 1 of the Texas Constitution V. The Texas Constitution was adopted in 1876 VI. Simple majority is needed from the voters of the state to pass a constitutional amendment VII. Implied powers are inferred by the constitutional authority of the U.S Congress “to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the government of the United states, VIII. or in any department or officer thereof.” IX. Block grants are congressional grants of money that allows the state considerable flexibility in spending for a program X. Initiative is a citizen-drafted measure proposed by a specific number or percentage of qualified voters that becomes law if approved by popular vote XI. The National Supremacy Clause states that “This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof; and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land.”


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