sociology week 2
sociology week 2 SOC 12002
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abdah St Fleur on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 12002 at Worcester Polytechnic Institute taught by Nadine Butler Stewart in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Sociology Jon Sheppard Chapter 4 Socialization The process of learning to participate in group life acquisition of culture. How it impacts personality. Without socialization humans will not learn the basic of talking, walking, and more. Without socialization human infants cannot develop a personality. The personal and social development associated with being human is acquired through intensive and prolonged social contact with others. Looking glass An image of oneself as an entity separate from other people that still stand today. A self-concept based on our perception of others judgement of us. Significant others Those whose judgement are most important to our self-concept. Role taking The process that allows us to take the viewpoint of another individual and the respond to ourselves from that imagined viewpoint. Role taking has 3 stage. 1) Imitation stage a. Child imitate without understanding. 2) Play Stage a. Children take role of others one at a time. 3) Game stage a. Child learn to engage in more sophisticated role taking. Freud, Erikson, and Piaget, psychological theories on personality. According to Freud, the personality has three parts the id, the ego, and the superego. o The id is made up biologically inherited urges, impulse, and desires. o To cope with this denial of pleasure children begin to develop an ego- the conscious rational part of the personality that thinks, plans and decides. o Superego tains all the right and wrong ideas that we have learned from those close to us. Erikson believed that personality may change at any time in life. Piaget believed children gradually develop cognitive abilities through interaction with their social setting through the process of socialization. Total institution Places in which residents are separated from the rest of society. Resocialization The process of learning to adopt new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors can begin. Reference group A group used to evaluate oneself and form which to acquire attitudes, values, beliefs, and norms.
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