Week 3 SOC Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbey Schroeder on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richard Fey in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/10/16
UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OF CULTURE ● CULTURE SHOCK ○ Disorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one’s surroundings ■ Domestic and foreign travel (where do you find the bathroom when you don’t know the language?) ● ETHNOCENTRISM ○ A biased “Cultural Yardstick” ■ Comparing another culture to our own; value structure (better or worse) ■ Canada’s cheese vs. America’s cheese ● CULTURAL RELATIVISM ○ More accurate understanding of the cultural structures of other countries INTERDEPENDENCE ● CULTURE INTEGRATION ○ Change in one part of culture may lead to changes in other parts of culture ○ Everything is dependent on all other aspects ■ Example: computers and changes in our language ● CULTURE LAG ○ NONMATERIAL CULTURE normally “lags” behind MATERIAL CULTURE which often speeds ahead at alarming rates ■ Example: medical procedures and ethics ● Getting new iPhone updates are good, but cloning is still frowned upon IS THERE A “GLOBAL CULTURE?” ● Some believe that a Global Culture exist in three areas: ○ Global culture infusion of cultures ● The basic thesis: ○ THE FLOW OF GOODS ■ Material product trading has never been as important ● Can get Nike products anywhere ■ Some hate what can be called the “Americanization of the world” ○ THE FLOW OF INFORMATION ■ There are few, if any, places left on earth where worldwide communications is not possible ■ We can travel virtually anywhere, anytime ○ THE FLOW OF PEOPLE ■ Knowledge means people learn about places on Earth where they feel life may be better ● Problems with this thesis? ○ All the flows haven’t been even ■ Western view is the biggest influencer; could feel like a cultural oppressor ○ Assumes affordability of goods ■ World 2 class system? ○ People don’t attach the same meaning to material goods CULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ● Acculturation – when there is a lot of contact and one culture becomes “used to” the other. ○ The cultures might adopt different parts of each other; infusion ○ Mexican food in America vs. food in Mexico ● Accommodation – when the larger culture allows the smaller culture to retain its own identity. ○ Ex: Chinatown in San Francisco ● Assimilation – when the smaller culture is absorbed into the larger culture losing its own identity. ○ Ex: Spaniards taking over Aztecs CULTURAL UNIVERSALS ● Traits common to every known culture ● THE FAMILY ○ Assignment of social responsibilities for young and the control of sexual reproduction ● FUNERAL RITES ○ Community bonding with closure, comfort, and continuity for the living ● SMILING AND HUMOR ○ Outward signs of friendship and safety value for social tensions ● DEVIANCE ○ WHAT is deviance can change, but having something that doesn’t fit in is universal ○ A constant reminder of the behavioral limits found in a given society with respect to individuality and nonconformity Socialization: The Process of Becoming Human ● Theories of Socialization ○ Nature ■ Heredity—biological ■ Love doesn’t exist, all chemical reactions in the brain to make you feel this way ■ Male vs. female only in the genes ○ Nurture ■ Environmental—sociological ■ Everything is socially defined ■ Different definitions of masculinity and femininity depending on the culture ○ Sociobiology ■ There is some validity to nature argument, BUT also some validity to nurture ■ Bridge between 2 arguments Socialization is a Process ● Life long process of social experiences, leading to: ○ Personality development ■ The fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting Emile Durkheim on Socialization ● Durkheim ○ society “is able to exist only because it gets inside the human being, shaping our inner life, creating our conscience, our ideas, our values. Society’s rules become our own; its ways become ours” (Charon 1999:26). ○ We internalize, or reject, values that make up society and continue it Functions of Socialization ● Personality development ○ Self—one’s sense of identity and awareness of self, awareness of being human ■ a social product ■ We get a ‘bird’s eye view’ of how things really are, and then we don’t just react we think about what’s happening ○ Selfconcept—how you view yourself ■ If we act differently or experience different things, this is going to change ■ Girls walking alone at night knows what it means to be a woman in society ■ Gives us a value structure leading to self esteem Charles Horton Cooley: the Lookingglass Self ● Our self is our interpretation of how others see us ○ When we interact with others, their reaction to us give us concept to self ■ Learning if you’re a good/bad kid: how your parents react to things you ● We are socially created by our interactions with others ● Self comes about as a result of the way he/she perceives the responses of others towards him/her ○ Why you choose your mannerisms? Wanna keep getting the reaction you want from others ○ First date analogy ○ More like a symbolic interaction ● “the process in which individuals use others like mirrors and base their conceptions of themselves on what is reflected back to them during social interaction” (Thompson and Hickey 2002:86). ● Norman Rockwell painting society vs. self