PSCI 100, Week 1
PSCI 100, Week 1 PSCI 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by je on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 100 at University of Northern Colorado taught by Gregory Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see US National Government in Political Science at University of Northern Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Week 1 What is Democracy? Democracy Rule by the people; the way we strive for justice in the modern world. 1. Pure / “Perfect” Democracy – everyone votes on everything o Only works in small societies 2. Republic Democracy – rule through intermediaries (US uses this) Models of Democracy : answers to the question, “What makes for a successful democracy?” o Not all compatible with one another, do not agree on the question of inequality Justice Minding one’s own business and not being a busy body; practical moral and social questions o If everyone minded their own business, we would have a just society o Just is an idea type/condition that we are constantly working towards. It is something we aspire to. o Questions When should we go to war? Should we care for the elderly/poor? How/when should we make peace? What should communities provide? o Justice can look different to everybody. If it was all the same, we would not have politics. Justice can never be fully attained Politics What happens when people disagree about concepts; who gets what, when, where, how Institutions Where politics take place Ex: Congress, schools, churches, workplace, bus stop o Just because they are all institutions, does not mean they are all equal Equality Things can be relatively equal, but not perfectly equal. Equity vs Equality? Is equality important for justice? What makes one person’s view more important than others? How much freedom, and for whom? Visions of a Successful Democracy Democratic models try to answer the question: What makes for a successful democracy? I. Protective Democracy Democracy exists to protect individual party Representation exists to keep order in society Inequality is not a barrier to democracy o Supportive of free market capitalism Capitalist system with relatively few interruptions by the government Dominant until the early 1800s, 1810s 2 Elite vision of democracy because it tends to view the government being run by the elite (more educated, wealthy, more prestige, occupation – higher socioeconomic status) o Trump and Clinton are both elites II. Developmental Democracy Democracy is a project of community making o Encourages people to strive for the public good Democracy instills a civic virtue (in citizens and communities) o Improve human character Individuals connection to the community Dominant from 1830s-1910s Popular because it is orientated towards everyday people III. Pluralist Democracy Response to the developmental model of democracy because developmental seems too unrealistic Democracy can function with an apathetic public Not engaged in community very well Began 1950s Also Elite Need social diversity If representation is diverse, this can work Need people to vote, diversity of interest represented o If people vote, then government will have diversity of views (ensures interest groups) IV. Participatory Democracy Until 1960s Apathy is a product of history, not human nature 3 o History fewer and fewer opportunities to participate over time Governmental and nongovernmental institutions ought to be democratized o Society and government must be democratized Inequality must be reduced Popular model of democracy Popular models believe that everyday people should participate in the government. Solution for democracy is more democracy. Question of how big government should be and what it should do 4