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PSCI 100, Week 2 Notes

by: je

PSCI 100, Week 2 Notes PSCI 100

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About this Document

The Founding
US National Government
Gregory Williams
Class Notes
constitution, federalism, confederalism, Articles, Of, confederation, unitary
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by je on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 100 at University of Northern Colorado taught by Gregory Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see US National Government in Political Science at University of Northern Colorado.

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Date Created: 09/10/16
Week 2 The Founding Constitution  Founding document that sets rules for all subsequent actions  Ex: organization of government; creation of laws (and what kinds of laws)  United States have had two constitutions 1. Articles of Confederation (1777-1789) – did not work 2. Constitution (1789 - ____) Federalism  Organization of government that divides power between central government (i.e. national/federal) and the regions (states) o There are some things that are just reserved for the states o Center > regions Confederalism  Same division of power as federalism, but center < regions o Ex: European Union Unitary  Organization of government whereby the center retains power; the regions only have powers that have been delegated by the center  Ex: Turkey Articles of Confederation (1777-89)  Confederal arrangement  States contained much more power than federal government  States started acting like independent countries  Did not work because it appeared as a loose association of different countries Constitution (1789-Present)  Federal government contained much more power than states  States are relatively equal  1787 – convention in Philadelphia where it was drafted o 74 people invited o 55 attended, 39 signed it o 9 of 13 state legislators had to approve of this to be ratified  US is a federal system that does not know what is exclusive to the states  Before constitution went into effect, they wanted to convince people it was a good idea o People feared that the federal government would take power away from the states, which was part of the constitution  Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay tried to convince people that the Constitution was a good idea o Imperfections were okay o Wrote under a pen man, Publius o Hamilton wanted a president for life o Publius – savior or republic  Tried to impact the spirit of moderation and wisdom o Used a pen name that said this is a constitution that has virtue 2


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