Psych 101 4/21/14 Lecture Notes
Psych 101 4/21/14 Lecture Notes
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Gavin Boelens on Monday April 21, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of Washington taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 163 views.
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Date Created: 04/21/14
421 14 PHIL 101 Introduction to Psychology Jacqueline Pickrell Why Do We Sleep Sleep Disorders 0 Insomnia chronic difficulty in falling asleep staying asleep or experiencing restful sleep 0 Restless leg syndrome urge to move one39s leg or other body parts while attempting to sleep 0 30 o 40 have experienced insomnia in US 0 9 15 severe enough insomnia that it interferes w daily life 0 6 severe difficult w insomnia O Narcolepsy extreme daytime sleepiness and sudden uncontrollable sleep attacks 0 30 seconds 30 minutes huge range 0 Genetic predisposition may run in families 0 Campegtlt3 a sudden loss of muscle tone often triggered by excitement and other strong emotions O No cure may be well treated w medication 0 May be precursor to diseases such as Parkinson39s O REM Sleep Behavior Disorder RED 0 Loss of muscle tone that causes normal REM sleep paralysis to be absent Act out their dreams Unknown cause OOO More often in men than women 0 Sleepwalking Occurs during stages 3 4 sleep more frequently Typically have no memory of the event later Occurs in 10 30 of children 5 of adults Not harmful to wake up sleepwalkers OOOOO More common when sleep deprived alcohol consumption stress illness medication 0 Not considered a medical condition 0 Somniloquy Sleep talking 0 Some studies suggest all children between 3 10 have some conversation during sleep 0 May range from eloquent conversations to non coherent words 0 Night terrors frightening dreams that arouse the sleeper to a near panic state 0 Common during stages 3 4 0 More intense than nightmares not the same 0 Sleeper typically does not remember the event later 0 Occurs in 6 of children 1 2 of adults 0 Sleep apnea people repeatedly stop and restart breathing during sleep 0 Not the same as snoring 0 Not breathing lasts 2040 seconds I May last up to 2 minutes More often in men than women Age Weight may contribute to chances of sleep apnea Large snore usually followed by jerking movement The Nature of Dreams Why do we dream 0 Dreams can occur during any sleep stage 0 Hypnagogic state the transitional state from wakefulness through early stage 2 sleep 0 Visual hallucinations are common 0 Dreaming most often occurs during REM sleep What do we Dream about 0 Most dreams are not as strange as they are stereotyped to be 0 Commonly contain negative content 0 Gender differences 0 Cultural background life experiences and current concerns can shape dream content Freud39s Psychoanalytic theog 0 Wish fulfillment the gratification of our unconscious desires and needs 0 Includes sexual and aggressive urges that are too unacceptable to be consciously acknowledged 0 Dreams transfer that instinct into symbols I Require interpretation Manifest content the surface story Latent content the dream39s disguised psychological meaning 0 Dream Work the process by which a dream39s latent content is transformed into the manifest content 0 Lots of evidence against this theory 0 Lots of negative content not all wishes are negative 0 Sexual content dreams are rare Activation synthesis theory 0 Dreams re ect brain synthesis processes O Pons to Dreams to not serve particular purpose Brain bombarded with neural activity Brain creates plausible story for all the random activity Evidence against this theory 0 People who have damage to forebrain can eliminate dreaming even if pons is unharmed O Recurring Dreams I If indeed completely random would not happen Cognitive theories 0 Problemsolving dream models dreams can help us find creative solutions to our problems 0 Cognitiveprocess dream theories focuses on the process of how we dream 0 Similarity between dreaming and waking mental processes Sleep and Dreaming Daydream significant part of the waking consciousness that provides stimulation during periods of boredom O Fantasyprone personality individuals who often live in a vivid rich fantasy world that they control 0 Most are female 0 Greater visual imagery than other waking mental activities Less vivid emotional and bizarre than nightmare dreams Other Alterations of Consciousness and Unusual Experiences 0 Out of body experience OBE sense of consciousness leaving one39s body 0 Near death experience N DE OBE reported by people who have nearly died or thought they were going to die D ja vu feeling of reliving an experience that is new 0 Meditation process of increasing alertness awareness 0 Correlation vs causation
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