Psych 1101, Week 3 Notes
Psych 1101, Week 3 Notes PSYCH 1101 C
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PSYCH 1101 C
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jasmine Cole on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 C at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Kristy Sorenson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Psychology Chapter 1 continued Week 3 9/7/16 Statistics: Measures of Central Tendency (which means where most of the numbers are) You should know how to calculate the mean and know mode and median. A Skewed Distribution- value of the numbers with skew it to the left or to the right (large or low) Measures of variation (which is how well all the scores cluster around the central tendency) Range- Highest number minus lowest number Standard Deviation Statistical Significance Results (difference between groups) are extremely unlikely to have occurred by chance. Improve Retention and Grades! Active Processing- doing something with an effort, brain encodes information for us while we are reading Testing Effect Spaced rehearsal Vs Massed rehearsal – Space out the time of studying versus cramming it all in the night before. Overlearn- concept familiarity is NOT enough- understanding the concept rather than the picture and page number it is on; it will not help you on a test. SQ3R Study Method 1. Survey- look through whole text, look for organization. 2. Question- asking yourself what is/ isn’t familiar 3. Read- answering questions you have while reading 4. Retrieve- testing effect- what you just read 5. Review- look back- understand what you read(chapter/Paragraph) Chapter 12 Social Cognition- ways groups can change an individual’s thinking. Social behavior- ways groups can change an individual’s behavior. Social influence- mix between cognition/behavior Personal Dispositions- something he did or that was his fault, or was involved with drugs or has mental illness Attribution- trying to find out the reason why someone is in the predicament they are in Attribution Theory- motivations or causes for why somebody else did something. Attribution Theory continued- a reason/ motivation for what someone has done Fundamental Attribution Error- made a mistake figuring out the cause Committed by observers explaining actor’s behavior Overestimation of internal traits Underestimation of external traits Attitudes (feelings/opinions)- behavior Dissonance- feeling of unease/ tension Cognitive dissonance theory- Conflict b/t action you’ve done and belief you hold- it causes dissonance. 2 Altruism- when you help someone without receiving anything in return Bystander effect- less likely to help someone when there are more people around. Diffusion of responsibility- in a group of people, they think that the other person will step in and do it. The Kitty Genovese murder 3
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