HLTH 377: Human Sexuality Week 2 Notes
HLTH 377: Human Sexuality Week 2 Notes HLTH 377
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Dassing on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 377 at University of Maryland taught by Jenna Beckwith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 103 views. For similar materials see Human Sexuality in Health Sciences at University of Maryland.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Day 3: Sexuality Key Ingredients Tuesday, September 6, 2016 11:02 AM I A Century-ish of Sex Cont'd : KEY POINTS a New population -- adolescents i Need to focus on this group to prevent negative consequences of sex b Margaret Sanger - founder of Planned Parenthood i She used the Great Depression to argue for family planning b Gregory Pincus- founder of birth control i Comstock rules: keeps sexual information away from the public 1 Unethically administered 2 Didn’t know risks 3 Paved way for birth control in the US b Alfred Kinsey i Kinsey Reports 1 Discussed topics like masturbation, bestiality, social construct of purity, sexual orientation b Mary Calderon- Founder of SIECUS c Stonewall d HIV/AIDS i Gay Blood ban - gay men are not allowed to donate blood ii Immigrants with HIV were not allowed to enter US - mandated testing for all applicants 1 Lifted in 2010 b Senator Joe Biden - drafted VAWA (Violence Against Women Act) in 1994 c Jocelyn Elders - masturbation d Obamacare - helped gain reproductive and sexual health access through: i Insurance ii Birth control became free iii Preventative reproductive health care iv Breastfeeding support, supplies and counseling v STI testing and treatment vi LGBT inclusive healthcare options vii Transgender healthcare b 2017 i Obama - cut funding for abstinence-only sex education 1 Reduced STI and teen pregnancy II The physical a Internal sexual organs vs external sexual organs II The Chemicals - Hormones a Testosterone - libido driver b Estrogen - c Progesterone d Adrenaline e Serotonin f Vasopressin g Oxytocin h Dopamine i Endorphins II Emotional and Intellectual a How you feel about yours/others sexuality b Feelings i "no strings attached" -- still a feeling II Social and Interpersonal a Sexuality in context to relationships i Includes friends and family b Sexual wants, needs, choices, and ability to make choices c Ex. Wear a condom, coming out as gay, d What types of people or relationships may impact our sexuality? i Family, religion, roommates II Cultural a How the rest of the world views sexuality, including: i Peers ii Local and larger communities iii Government iv Media Day 4: Sexuality, Sexual Health, and Sexual Rights Thursday, September 8, 2016 11:18 AM I World Health Organization (WHO) a Work all over the world b Work to improve the health of all societies II SIECUS - Sexuality information and Education Council of the US a Founded by Mary Calderone in 1964 b Provides education and information about sexuality and sexual reproductive health II Sexuality a A central aspect of being human includes: i Sex ii Gender iii Identities and roles iv Sexual orientation v Eroticism vi Pleasure vii Intimacy viii Reproduction b Sexuality is experience and expressed in: i Thoughts ii Fantasies iii Desires iv Beliefs v Attitudes vi Values vii Behavior viii Practices ix Roles and relationships b Sexuality is influenced by: i Biology ii Psychology iii Sociology iv Economics v Politics vi Culture vii Law viii History ix Religion x Spirit b Sexuality concerns include: i Ethics ii Religion iii Culture iv Moral b Children at a young age are given misleading information about sexuality i They are curious but told not to say the anatomical terms for their "private parts" or sometimes even ask about them ii Stories made up to hide the reality 1 Ex. The Stork II Sexual Health a Definition: "A state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality" i Does not include illness in relation to health ii Requires a positivity and respect iii Including pleasure and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence iv All individuals have the right to healthcare services that promote, maintain and restore sexual and reproductive health b Adolescent sexual health i Information should be given to young adults, especially by the time they reach puberty ii Adults hesitate and worry that if they provide adolescents with knowledge, they will make mistakes iii The health of adolescents will improve if they become informed at an earlier age b Access to reproductive health services i Who is going to pay for it? ii SEICUS stands by the people that they should receive proper access to sexual health info and treatment II Sexual Rights a Definition: "human rights based on the inherent freedom, dignity, and equality of all human beings" i It is believed that you cannot have sexual health without sexual rights b Rights include: i Equality and non-discrimination ii Be free from torture or cruel treatment iii Privacy iv Pleasure v Healthcare vi Information/education vii Make choices viii Freedom of opinion and expression ix Effective remedy for violations of fundamental rights x To marry and start a family b SEICUS View on Rights: i Sexual Orientation 1 Include: a Bisexual b Heterosexual c Gay d Lesbian 2 Legal system cannot limit any individuals from civil rights and protection ii Gender Equality and Equity 1 Gender-based stereotyping can lead to harmful consequences ii Romantic and Sexual Relationships 1 Individuals can choose to enter or leave a sexual or romantic relationship 2 Relationships are consensual between all partners 3 If intercourse is involved, desired protection against STD's and unwanted pregnancy 4 Adolescents should be provided the assistance in preparation for mature romantic/sexual relationships ii Masturbation 1 A natural, common, and non-harmful sexual experience 2 Individuals should not feel guilty for choosing to experiment in this realm ii Sexual Exploitation 1 Unjustified sexual acts include: a Rape b Incest c Sexual relations between children d Sexual abuse e Sexual harassment 2 Education programs should be provided to prevent and inform the reality behind sexual exploitation 3 Treatment programs should be provided for individuals effected by sexual exploitation 4 Communities and laws should be in place to punish those who commit such acts II Circles of Sexuality a Sexual Health and Reproduction i Anatomy and physiology of the body ii Physical changes throughout the lifespan 1 Puberty, menopause, pregnancy, birth ii Negative Outcomes 1 STI's 2 Sexual dysfunction 3 Fertility ii SexEd tends to focus on health and reproduction b Sexual Behaviors and Practices i Actions that express sexuality 1 Exploring, enacting, expressing 2 Ex. Sex toys ii Individual behaviors and practices of interest 1 May or may not act on them a Due to ability, fear, etc. b Sexual Identity i Represents who we are and how we explain and express ourselves to other people ii Includes: 1 Biological sex 2 Gender identity 3 Gender roles 4 Sexual orientation 5 Sexual practices and desires ii Sexual identity is often not discussed and left up for individuals to "figure it out themselves" 1 Ex. A transgender person may be less likely to seek out sexual- related health care a Not comfortable navigating in gendered places 2 Ex. An asexual person may have difficulty communicating ii "The Gender Unicorn" 1 Gender identity- brain a Female/women/girl b Male/man/boy c Other gender(s) 2 Gender expression - how you express a Feminine b Masculine c Other 2 Sex Assigned at Birth a Female - pink b Male - blue c Other/intersex - purple 2 Physically attracted to = Sexual Orientation a Women b Men c Other gender(s) 2 Emotionally attracted to a Women b Men b Sensuality - sexual response i The ways we experience pleasure ii Includes: Physical & Psychological 1 The Senses: touch, smell, taste, visual, aural 2 Human sexual response cycle 3 Body image: understanding, acceptance, and physiological and psychological enjoyment of oneself 4 Eroticism/pleasure 5 Fantasy 6 Attraction 7 Skin hunger: the yearn to be physically touched ii Rarely discussed or expressed through SexEd b Intimacy - exchange of emotions i Process of becoming emotionally close with another person, including: 1 Family 2 Friends 3 Partners ii "Driving force" that leads to relationships iii Includes: 1 Caring/sharing 2 Liking/loving 3 Communication 4 Risk taking 5 Vulnerability 6 Self-disclosure 7 Trust ii Rarely discussed or formally introduced b Power and Agency - ability to do something i Includes: 1 Flirting/seduction 2 Giving/receiving pleasure 3 Withholding sex 4 Sexual harassment 5 Sexual assault and rape 6 Sexual abuse and incest 7 Media and advertising ii Can use or abuse power to cause harm iii A person who feels shared power and respect then they will feel more open with one another iv A person who has experienced sexual abuse or rape may have a hard time opening up to new individuals *** All of these are connected *** i Power and Agency <---> Sexual Health and Reproduction 1 A person in a relationship with shared power and respect may have an easier time talking about getting tested or using condoms ii Sexual Identity <---> Sensuality <---> Intimacy 1 A person bullied for their sexual orientation may have a difficult time trusting and communicating what feels good and brings them sexual pleasure ii