Behavior Analysis PSYC 2500-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hinds Notetaker on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2500-001 at East Tennessee State University taught by Robin Leonard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Behavior Analysis in Psychology at East Tennessee State University.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Week 1- Introduction/ Chapter 1 Behavior Analysis What is behavior? Behavior is verbal and nonverbal; it is what people do and say- This involves actions and not feelings or reasons behind the behavior- Ex: rolling eyes; stomping; slamming doors Measureable Dimensions of Behavior Frequency: the number of times a behavior occurs Duration: the time from when an instance starts to when it stops Intensity: physical force involved in behavior Latency: time from a stimulus event to the onset of behavior Other characteristics of behavior Behavior can be observed, described, and recorded Behavior impacts the environment (physically, socially, or self-inflicting) Behavior is lawful: it follows rules; has triggers and consequences May be overt or covert -overt: can be observed by a person other than source (which would impact the environment socially) -covert: not observable by others (would impact the person doing the behavior) Behavior Modification: applied science and professional practice concerned with analyzing and modifying human behavior; the principles and procedure used to change behavior Characteristics of Behavior Modification: Target behavior: the behavior that needs to be modified Behavioral excess: an undesirable behavior; the one that needs to decrease o Ex: Smoking; too much TV; poor hygiene; too much soda Behavioral deficit: a desirable behavior; the one that needs to increase o Ex: working out; eating well; good study habits Week 1- Introduction/ Chapter 1 -guided by the theory and philosophy of behaviorism Behavioral principles -experimental analysis of behavior: scientific study of behavior (animals included) -applied behavior analysis: the scientific study of human behavior (specifically humans) Observing and Recording Behavior Major figures:- Ivan Pavlov: classical conditioning; classic dogs salivating experiment - conditioned by being given food every time a harness was put on them, made them salivate and soon after conditioned, the immediately began salivating once harness was put on. Edward L. Thorndike: known for work in reinforcement; The Law of Effect; did research with cats and puzzle boxes, getting food every time they found the trick handle in the box; memory experiment using isolation+ try –fail- try = pleasurable consequences Watson: Phobias are classically conditioned; went into advertising pairing a product with something desirable; automatic responses Skinner: believed we were most like rats and pigeons; laid the foundation for behavior modification/ avoiding punishment (behaviorism)