Africam 139 Week 4
Africam 139 Week 4 Africam 139
Popular in Selected Topics of African American Social Organization and Institutions
Popular in African American Studies
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Africam 139 at University of California Berkeley taught by Nikki Jones in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Selected Topics of African American Social Organization and Institutions in African American Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
September 13, 2016 Screening Questions ● Lingering Questions ○ People inherit the ghetto ○ Persistence of poverty over time ■ People who don’t live there are trying to learn why it’s there ○ Iconic Ghetto ■ Permanent fixture of American life ■ Black people somehow belong there ○ Late 20th century ■ How people believed crime and violence relate The Central Park 5 ● Random violence ● Harlem 1989 ○ 5 black men ■ Yuseef Salaam ■ Korey Wise ■ Kevin Richardson ■ Raymond Santana ● Divided city ● New York ○ Schools were declined ○ Neighborhoods falling apart ○ Divided city ○ Crime rates were skyrocketing ○ Crack wars ○ Black community was under assault ○ Stop crime from bleeding out to other cities ○ Influential with policing what new york has it is what goes ● Underpoliced ● Vigilante ● Racial violence ● Institutional collapse ● Crime ● Garden of terrors ○ Preoccupation with crime ● Crack ○ New economy that emerged Broken Window “Theory” ● Intersection with rise of crack era= changing policing regimes ● Palo Alto and Bronx ○ 2 cars and how quickly crimes and disorder happens ● Consequence ○ Shifts on criminal activities (people) to focusing on the fear of crime ■ Telling NY: You shouldn’t have to be afraid ■ Not violent people but the public place ■ Shift to other people outside the place ● Police officers were more reactive before, now they are proactive ○ Before ■ Go through their call log and answer those calls ○ After ■ Detect problems before they occur ■ Over 800,000 stops ■ Placebased ● Urban settings ● Public places ● Focus on young people ● Crack epidemic ○ Motivates the proactive policing ○ Emergence, rise, and violence around crack ● Superpredator ○ Idea that you need to look at what is coming ○ POC young men are rising up out of moral poverty and they are frightening so they need to toughen up on crime ○ New breed of criminals rising up ○ After crack epidemic The Making of a Crisis: Policing the Ghetto Shifts in policing regimes NRC Report Politicization of criminal justice Toughoncrime ● Crime was on the way down but yet NRC report came out saying that it was on the rise ● Rate of incarceration ○ People who are in prison, how long we keep them there, and the rate that they come out Prop 184 ● 3 strikes and your out ○ Strike: burgalory ○ 3rd crime can be anything, now it has to be violent crime Prop 57 ● Undo some felonies and make it again a misdemeanor ● Takes power from DA and give it to judge ● DA has to run reelect ● Bring back rehabilitation ● Stop trying youth as an adult Mass Imprisonment ● 1 in 9 children have a parent in the system ○ These children have a low education rate ● Vulnerability to Incarceration ○ Education ○ Having parents in the system Entrenchment and Expansion ● More policecitizen contacts ● Shifts in training/funding ○ Multi Jurisdictional task force ■ Federal law enforcement training state and city officials how to track people ○ Byrne Program ■ Task forces, SWAT teams, etc. ○ Operation Pipeline ● Proactive/Policing ○ Hot spot policing ■ Areas where most of the crimes happen ■ Highsurveillance ○ Problem oriented policing ■ People are treated as the windows instead of the actions as windows ○ NY: Slam and Jam tactics to Stop and Frisk ○ CivilCriminal Hybrids Compstat #s Crime Control Trends ● Revolutionary ● Collaboration ● Analysis and accountability ● Paradigm shifts in policing ● Everything has to be reflected in the number ○ If not, it is irrelevant and doesn’t exist ● pressure September 15, 2016 Filmore ● Up the hill ● Down the hill ○ Lots have been vacant for decades ○ Condos were selling for 800,000 ■ Near the “projects” ● Racially ethnically balanced neighborhood ● redlined Sunset district ● White collar people Discursive Redlining ● Definition ● Similarities/differences ○ Differences: ■ Not economical or legal like before, it is now a social thing ● Consequences ○ People are coming to the neighborhood but they aren’t utilizing social and economical behavior to change what is going on in the neighborhood and the people there ○ Ghetto is seen as a problem with the people who live there instead of an institutional problem ■ When you think the problem is the people, you often displace those people Great Migration ● People moved in temporary housing and now 40 years later people are moving from this location ● People thought people would move back where they came back from after the war ○ Didn’t realize people were fleeing Jim Crow Law The formation of the ghetto ● Exclusion housing practices ● If you keep excluding people from specific areas, you will construct a ghetto Arrival of Crack In SF ● Police surveyed the purpose to keep the black people in their neighborhood ○ Don’t be in white space Gang Injunctions ● Civil Criminal order/injunction ○ Violation can be imprisonment or fine ● What is it ○ 3 or more people ○ Collectively identify themselves by adopting a group identity ■ Create an atmosphere of fear ■ Purpose is to engage in criminal activity and which use violence or intimidation to further its criminal objectives ■ Members engage in criminal activity with the intent to enhance or preserve the association’s power, reputation, or economic resources ○ PERMANENT
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