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Week 3 Notes (Topic 3)

by: Kaeli

Week 3 Notes (Topic 3) Sociology 101


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Sociological methods
Sociology 101
Class Notes
sociology, Introduction to Sociology, Research Methodologies
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Negraia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.


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Date Created: 09/10/16
Topic 3 Sociology 101 Notes: Research Methods  Independent variable vs Dependent o Independent is the one being manipulated by researchers o Dependent is the one effected by the independent   Quantitative vs Qualitative o QuaNtitative­ Numerical  Height  Weight  Number of pizzas eaten in one day o Qualitative­ Non­numerical  Color  Brand name  Experimental vs control o Experimental gets manipulated  Correlation vs causation o Correlation doesn’t equal causation  o Must be correlated to be a causation  Spurious variables o Middle factor causes it to look like correlation o Rape and ice cream  Both spurious variables  Look correlated   Both go up in the summer Table Below Method How? Strengths Weaknesses Surveys Predesigned  Standardized  Honesty, reasoning  questionnaires,  sampling,  behind an answer,  Multiple or just once representable,  memory sensitive,  generalizable limited info Observations &  Observing Insider’s view,  Time and money,  detailed, guide future  representiveness,  Qualitative  interviews Interacting research, check for  generalizations,  honesty investigator bias,  sensitive to  cooperation and  memory Historical analysis Looking at  Detailed, non­ Language, time and  documents invasive, guides  money, dead  future research participants Experiments Random assignments, Control,  Hawthorne effect,  controlled conditions, generalizations time and money,  control/treatment  questions aren’t  groups always experiment  friendly, sensitive to  memory


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