Week 3 Notes (Topic 3)
Week 3 Notes (Topic 3) Sociology 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Negraia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Topic 3 Sociology 101 Notes: Research Methods Independent variable vs Dependent o Independent is the one being manipulated by researchers o Dependent is the one effected by the independent Quantitative vs Qualitative o QuaNtitative Numerical Height Weight Number of pizzas eaten in one day o Qualitative Nonnumerical Color Brand name Experimental vs control o Experimental gets manipulated Correlation vs causation o Correlation doesn’t equal causation o Must be correlated to be a causation Spurious variables o Middle factor causes it to look like correlation o Rape and ice cream Both spurious variables Look correlated Both go up in the summer Table Below Method How? Strengths Weaknesses Surveys Predesigned Standardized Honesty, reasoning questionnaires, sampling, behind an answer, Multiple or just once representable, memory sensitive, generalizable limited info Observations & Observing Insider’s view, Time and money, detailed, guide future representiveness, Qualitative interviews Interacting research, check for generalizations, honesty investigator bias, sensitive to cooperation and memory Historical analysis Looking at Detailed, non Language, time and documents invasive, guides money, dead future research participants Experiments Random assignments, Control, Hawthorne effect, controlled conditions, generalizations time and money, control/treatment questions aren’t groups always experiment friendly, sensitive to memory