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Week 4 Sociology Notes- Topics 4 & 5

by: Kaeli

Week 4 Sociology Notes- Topics 4 & 5 Sociology 101

Marketplace > University of South Carolina > Sociology 101 > Week 4 Sociology Notes Topics 4 5

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About this Document

Covers socialization and culture
Sociology 101
Class Notes
socialization, Culture, Introduction to Sociology
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Negraia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.


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Date Created: 09/10/16
Topic 4 Sociology 101 Notes: Culture and Socialization  Culture is a compilation of nonmaterial and material culture o Nonmaterial culture  Knowledge  Beliefs  Moral code of a society  Values   What they hold in esteem  Customs  Traditions o Material culture  Stuff  Houses  Clothes  Money  Cultural change o Behavioral drivers  People such as Ghandi o Contact of civilizations  Globalization has led to tidbits of American culture in Europe o Inventions & Discoveries  “Antibiotic culture” vs before antibiotics o Global business o Social movements  Cultural diversity o Ethnocentrism  My way is better o Cultural relativism   Maybe they’re on to something  Maybe this aspect of their culture works for them because…  Norms­ rules or expectations about one’s behavior o Institutional norms  Intentional norms built to further a common goal or behavior  Example: Laws, dress code at work o Unspecified norms  Things that aren’t illegal but that you just don’t do  Example: picking your nose in public  Bystander effect o Everyone thinks someone else will do something  o No one does anything  Pluralistic Ignorance o When almost every member of a group rejects a norm when almost everyone  agrees that it is wrong  No one speaks up  Dispelled by truth Topic 5 Notes Sociology Notes  Identity o What someone defines themselves as  Factors of Socialization o Family  o School  o Friends  o Church o Influence you towards what they want you to be  Example­ Catholics will socialize you to view abortion as wrong  Formation of self o Differentiation of self  o Language  Third person to me or I o Looking glass self  Your opinion of yourself is based on what you were told about yourself at  an early age  Role taking  o Influenced by your background & perception of opportunity  Collectivist vs Individualist cultures o Collectivist  Group over yourself  o Individualist   Needs of yourself before others  Middle vs working class socialization o Working class  Success requires hard work  Nothing is given   Some are given the ideals that they need to try to move up  Others that you are locked in place  Impression formation o Observable cues  Gender   Age  Race  Attractiveness  Clothing o Non­observable cues  Education   Profession  Place of origin  Religion  Social class o Formed by the knowledge of cues along with the person’s actions and words  Stigmas o Things that are seen as less desirable o Example: being overweight (western cultures) o Stigmas vary by society  Regaining appearance o Post­failure  Apologizing   Accounts  Excuses   Justifications o Pre­failure (anticipated)  Disclaimer   “I’m not racist, but…”  Cooling out


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