Week 4 Sociology Notes- Topics 4 & 5
Week 4 Sociology Notes- Topics 4 & 5 Sociology 101
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaeli on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 101 at University of South Carolina taught by Negraia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/10/16
Topic 4 Sociology 101 Notes: Culture and Socialization Culture is a compilation of nonmaterial and material culture o Nonmaterial culture Knowledge Beliefs Moral code of a society Values What they hold in esteem Customs Traditions o Material culture Stuff Houses Clothes Money Cultural change o Behavioral drivers People such as Ghandi o Contact of civilizations Globalization has led to tidbits of American culture in Europe o Inventions & Discoveries “Antibiotic culture” vs before antibiotics o Global business o Social movements Cultural diversity o Ethnocentrism My way is better o Cultural relativism Maybe they’re on to something Maybe this aspect of their culture works for them because… Norms rules or expectations about one’s behavior o Institutional norms Intentional norms built to further a common goal or behavior Example: Laws, dress code at work o Unspecified norms Things that aren’t illegal but that you just don’t do Example: picking your nose in public Bystander effect o Everyone thinks someone else will do something o No one does anything Pluralistic Ignorance o When almost every member of a group rejects a norm when almost everyone agrees that it is wrong No one speaks up Dispelled by truth Topic 5 Notes Sociology Notes Identity o What someone defines themselves as Factors of Socialization o Family o School o Friends o Church o Influence you towards what they want you to be Example Catholics will socialize you to view abortion as wrong Formation of self o Differentiation of self o Language Third person to me or I o Looking glass self Your opinion of yourself is based on what you were told about yourself at an early age Role taking o Influenced by your background & perception of opportunity Collectivist vs Individualist cultures o Collectivist Group over yourself o Individualist Needs of yourself before others Middle vs working class socialization o Working class Success requires hard work Nothing is given Some are given the ideals that they need to try to move up Others that you are locked in place Impression formation o Observable cues Gender Age Race Attractiveness Clothing o Nonobservable cues Education Profession Place of origin Religion Social class o Formed by the knowledge of cues along with the person’s actions and words Stigmas o Things that are seen as less desirable o Example: being overweight (western cultures) o Stigmas vary by society Regaining appearance o Postfailure Apologizing Accounts Excuses Justifications o Prefailure (anticipated) Disclaimer “I’m not racist, but…” Cooling out
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