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INTA Week 3

by: Nylah Boone
Nylah Boone
Georgia Tech

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About this Document

These are full class notes and cover the lecture.
Intro to International Affairs
Professor Wang
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nylah Boone on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INTA 1110 B at Georgia Institute of Technology taught by Professor Wang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Affairs in International Affairs at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Date Created: 09/10/16
History and Counterfactual Analysis  History o The laboratory to IR scholars (we have limitations; we can’t run controlled experiments)  Two types of analysis o Counterfactual  If Event A didn’t happen, would B still happen? o Factual  Analyze what really happened, why and the connection. info must be accurate. How do we know its accurate? Cross references and applying what you know to find a pattern. History of IR Systems  The parallel worlds (unaware of other’s presence)  Empires emerge  The Westphalia System o Multi-polarity= 2 or more great powers o Bi-polarity=cold war era: 2 great powers are great enough to destroy the world, but not each other o Uni-polarity=1 power is unwilling to change or accept other ideas The Westphalia System  Modern Sovereign State o 30 years’ war o Peace of Westphalia Treaties (1648)  Balance of Power, internal adjustment, bandwagoning o uphold and expansion of the Westphalia system o no permanent friends only interest (Golden Rules) o alliances and realignment  From Monarchies to revolutionary popular sovereignty o French Revolution (1789-1799) o Napoleonic Wars  What’s it aim? Challenge the system o Hegemonic The “Long Peace” 1815-1914  Longest interval without large scale war o Congress of Vienna and concert of Europe o Multipower Westphalia system  Colonization and decolonization o Western hemisphere o Expansion of the Westphalia  Tensions Building up o Industrial revolution o National competition: German unification (1871-1907) o Secret alliances  The Rise of the United States o The American Civil War o A different kind of world class power  Since 1880, US Economy has been LARGE  Giant commando power  Expanding East to West to the whole world  Interested in trade and education (unique characteristic of US expansion) Two World Wars (1914-1945) th  Only lasted a few years, but shaped two character of the 20 century  Growth of liberalism and nationalism and social Darwinism and nationalism (war becomes acceptable) WWI Tragic irrationality of war century of peace then suddenly a catastrophic war seemed unnecessary even accidental st th  Ended 1 round of globalization (19 century)  League of Nations is formed  Treaty of Versailles (1919)  Rise of Communism and Fascism (1917) WWI Alternatives  Counterfactually: four other wars possible o Simple local Austro-Serbian war Aug 1914 o One-front war, Germany-Russia, East front o Two-front war w/out Britain: Germany and Austria vs France and Russia o War w/out the US= A European War The League of Nations  Organized international security o Moral force for peace: agreements and rules o Collective security v balance of power  Neutral states and free riders o Non-aggression and collective response  Sovereignty v international law  The enforcer? The missing players  Wilsonian idealism vs isolationist Realism  WWI: war to end all war  WWII: war to end all wars  Cold War: War to end communism  Now: war to end terrorism  Rise of Nazi Germany and japan  -leaving the League  arms and control and disbarment  Kellogg-Brand Pact (1928) World war II  German and Japanese expansionism o Munich Agreement 1938: appeasement has a negative connotation in IR o Aggression and atrocities: crimes against humanity (holocaust of the Jews or hanging massacre in China)  US Joined WWII in 1942 after Pearl harbor o The Atlantic charter of 1941 o The creation of UN and Post WWII world order o Atomic weapon (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) o Finalization of American Century  Different ending  Bad teammates: Hitler urged Japan to attack Singapore or Siberia. Japan attacked pearl harbor instead  The Italians o Ending with unconditional surrender o Allies occupied Germany and Japan: transformed their societies


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