New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychological Assessment

by: Mia Hopkins

Psychological Assessment Psychology 3280

Mia Hopkins
GPA 3.83
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Abnormal Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Abnormal Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes go over the various types of psychological assessments, who is behind creating these assessments and what they test.
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
rorscach, Psychology, Sigmund Freud




Popular in Abnormal Psychology

Popular in Psychology (PSYC)

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Hopkins on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 3280 at Armstrong Atlantic State University taught by Spirrison in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Armstrong Atlantic State University.

Similar to Psychology 3280 at AASU


Reviews for Psychological Assessment


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/10/16
Abnormal Psychology Psychological Assessment notes  Psychiatrist-have a medical degree o Psychologist do not  Definition- Collection, organization and interpretation of information about a person and their situation  Methods of assessment o Interviews o Direct observation- assessing what they do and the conditions under which they do it o Psychological Test- an assessment technique in which a subject provides responses to a series of stimuli  Usually in the form of written questions  Key aspects of a psychological test o Reliability- concerns the consistency or repeatability of a measurement (precision of a measurement)  You would suspect that if you redid the test that the person, under the same circumstances would make the same score o Validity  Does the measure, measure what it is supposed to measure  To be valid a test must be reliable, but reliability does not guarantee validity  Physiognomy- Assessment of a person's character or personality from their outer appearance/ face  By measuring from the occipital lobe to the top of the nose could measure if he could measure if they are a criminal, have excessive idleness, would get tattoos etc.  Reliable but not valid  The 2 calibers would measure the same thing every time, but doesn’t measure what it's said to measure  Descriptive validity- measure of the current state  Predictive validity- predicting the state in the future  Ex: SAT's and ACT's  Standardization o Standard administration- test given the same way across examiners and examinees o Standardization scores- allows comparisons between the given individual scores and the scores of a representative sample of others  You can say if they scored below, average or above average Types of psychological test  Intelligence test o Alfred Binet – wanted to assess the academic needs of children so they could meet their academic needs  Stanford- Binet test- most common / first IQ test  4 parts o Verbal comprehension- similarities, vocab, info, comprehension, o Perpetual reasoning index- block design, matrix, reasoning, visual puzzles, picture completions, figure weights o Working memory index- digit span, arithmetic, letter-number sequences, o Processing speed index- symbol search, coding, cancellation  Personality test o Personality traits- enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself that are exhibited in a wide range of social and personal contexts  Self report (objective) test  Minnesota Multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) o Empirical criterion keying method- an approach to test develop that emphasizes the selection of items that discriminate between non diagnosed individuals and members of different diagnostic groups, regardless of whether the items appear theoretically relevant to the diagnosis of interest o 567 T/F questions  Projective test  Uses ambiguous stimuli, unstructured and indirect  Disguised purpose o Ex: Rorschach inkblot test by Hermann Rorschach  Published in 1921 but he died in 1922  The cards were supposed to be black and white but some got colored ink on them and he actually liked them  Thematic apperception test  Clients are asked to make and develop a story based on a picture  Doesn’t give you straight forward score, but gives you hints and ideas about how therapy should go  Waves of psychotherapy 1. Psychoanalysis- Sigmund Freud i. First comprehensive theories of personality, psychopathology, psychoanalysis ii. Sigmund Freud's system for treatment for mental disorders iii. Psychoanalytic- theory of personality iv. Structural theory- personality as a structural thing (think iceberg) 1. Ego- top of iceberg a. Stabilizes between superego and Id b. Problem solver c. Tries to find ways to satisfy Id d. In the conscious level i. Current level of thinking 2 Super ego- middle of iceberg where water line is a Perfectionism, standards, moral standards b In the preconscious level of thinking i. Memories that you can think of anytime on cue b Guilt and shame and embarrassment is a product of the superego 2 Id- biggest part of iceberg, at the bottom under the water surface a Impulses b Desires c Drives (hunger, sexual, etc.) d Instinct e At birth f Seen in the unconscious level i. Ideas that you're unaware of ii. Having thoughts you don’t even realize you're having 2 Behaviorism 3 Humanistic/ Existential – Rogers 4 Cognitive behaviorism- 1980's – 1990's and present 5 Empirically validated treatments Psychological Defenses  Defense mechanisms  Sigmund Freud  Largely unconscious mental strategies used to reduce experience of conflict or anxiety  Through use of defense mechanisms, the ego distorts the view of self and or reality to make the view less threatening  Types of defense mechanisms 1. Repression i. Anxiety-arousing desires and or memories are kept out of consciousness remembering only what is not terribly anxiety provoking 1. Usually seen with dissociative amnesia 2 Denial- individual protects him or herself from unpleasant aspects of reality by refusing to perceive those aspects of reality 3 Projection- attributing one's own unacceptable desires and impulses to others i Usually seen in pedophilia 2 Regression- returning to a developmental level/reaction pattern that has been out of growth i Psychosis can be a form of regression (brief psychotic disorder) 2 Reaction formation- becoming unaware of ones own true desires and substituting instead an exaggerating version of the directly opposite desire 3 Sublimation- the transformation and expression of sexual or aggressive energy into more socially acceptable forms Psychosexual stages  Oral 0 o Ages: 0-1 o Erogenous zone: mouth o Major conflict: weaning off breast or bottle o Adult Fixation example: Smoking, over eating  Anal o Ages: 1-3 o Erogenous Zone: Anus o Major conflict: Toilet Training o Adult Fixation Example: Neatness, messiness  Phallic o Ages: 3-6 o Erogenous zone: Genitals o Major conflict: Oedipus / Electra complex o Adult fixation example: vanity, over ambition  Latency o Ages: 6-12 o Erogenous zone: none o Major conflict: none o Adult fixation: none  Genital o Age: 12+ o Erogenous zone: genitals o Major conflict: none o Adult fixation: none  When someone gets stuck in a particular phase when something may be wrong with them Goal of psychoanalytic treatment  Making the unconscious conscious  Insight is curative  Understanding yourself helps you overcome your problems Fleece  Hysteria and the time believed that only women were afflicted by it because they had floating ovaries  Freud and fleece thought that the treatment for it was surgery on the nose


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.