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Week 3 - Functional Anatomy and Pathophysiology I: Lecture Notes

by: Audrey Hernandez

Week 3 - Functional Anatomy and Pathophysiology I: Lecture Notes PHCL 2600

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Biology > PHCL 2600 > Week 3 Functional Anatomy and Pathophysiology I Lecture Notes
Audrey Hernandez
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes briefly cover enzyme kinetics as well as the basis of homeostasis as discussed in week 3 of lectures.
Human Anatomy and Pathophysiology
Dr. Frederick Williams
Class Notes
anatomy, pathophysiology, Biology, Science, Physiology
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Hernandez on Saturday September 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHCL 2600 at University of Toledo taught by Dr. Frederick Williams in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy and Pathophysiology in Biology at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 09/10/16
Functional Anatomy and Pathophysiology I  Dr. Frederick E. Williams Week 3 Lecture Notes     ❖ Translation   ➢ mRNA  ➢ rRNA  ➢ tRNA   ■ Contains anticodon  ■ With help from mRNA it brings amino acid into ribosome   ❖ Enzymes  ➢ Are protein catalysts   ➢ Are not used or change shape after reaction   ➢ Kinetics:  ■ Vmax ­ the max rate a reaction will occur at with enzyme present   ■ Michaelis constant ­ amount of substrate required to produce ½ the max  reaction rate   ■ Enzymes have initial rates that can increase until it hits either vmax,  enzyme saturation or experiment end product inhibition   ● Enzyme saturation ­ when all active sites in an enzyme are  occupied  ● End product inhibition ­ when the product of the reaction occupies  active sites on enzyme   ❖   ❖ Homeostasis  ➢ Uses negative feedback to maintain balance   ■ Negative feedback counteracts a stimulus  ■ Positive feedback reinforces a stimulus   ➢ Pathway:  ■ Stimulus  ■ Controlled condition is monitored by receptors  ■ Sends signal to control center   ■ Goes to effectors   ■ Alters condition to obtain homeostasis   ❖ Reflex is a response to a stimulus  ➢ Reflex arch is the pathway impulses travel along to in order to create reflex  


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