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You May Ask Yourself Chapter 2 Notes

by: Abigail Dolbeer

You May Ask Yourself Chapter 2 Notes SOC-S 100

Marketplace > Indiana University > SOC-S 100 > You May Ask Yourself Chapter 2 Notes
Abigail Dolbeer

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"You May Ask Yourself" Chapter 2 Notes
Jessica Calarco
Class Notes
sociology, Introduction to Sociology, youmayaskyourself, chapter2
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abigail Dolbeer on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC-S 100 at Indiana University taught by Jessica Calarco in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 74 views.


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Date Created: 09/11/16
Ch 2 SOC-S 100 Introduction: Causality: the idea that a change in one factor results in a corresponding change in another factor Research methods: standard rules that social scientists follow when trying to establish a casual relationship between social elements Quantitative methods: seek to obtain information about the social world that is in, or can be converted to, numeric form Qualitative methods: attempt to collect information about the social world that cannot be readily converted into numeric form Research 101: The Basics Sociological research generally begins with a question that asks what causes a sociological phenomenon to occur. Deductive reasoning (approach): starts with a theory, then develop a hypothesis, make empirical observations, and then analyze the data collected to confirm, reject, or modify the original theory Inductive approach: to research starts with empirical observation and then work to form a theory Correlation: exists when we simply observe change in two things simultaneously Causation: exists when we can prove that a change in one factor causes the change in the other factor Dependent variable: the outcome that a researcher is trying to explain Independent variable: measured factor that the researcher believes has a casual impact on the dependent variable Hypothesis: a proposed relationship between two variables; for all hypotheses both a null and an alternative hypothesis exist Operationalism: the process by which a researcher specifies the terms and methods he or she will use in a particular study Moderating variables: factors that affect the relationship between the independent and dependent variables Mediating variables: factors that are positioned between the interdependent and dependent variables but do not affect the relationship between them Measures used to evaluate variables in a hypothesis must be valid and reliable and the outcomes of a particular research study must be generalizable to a larger population. Researchers must be aware of the effects they have on the people, relationships, and processes they are studying. Feminist methodology: treats women’s experiences as legitimate empirical and theoretical resources, promotes social science that may bring about policy change to help women, and is as conscious of the role of the researcher as that of the subjects being studied Participant observation, interviews, survey research, historical methods, comparative research, experimentation, and contest analysis are all types of data collection used in social research. Ethics of Social Research: Researchers must be codified standards, which are often set by professional associations, academic institutions, or research centers when conducting research. Informed consent & voluntary participation guidelines require that researchers can make sure their subjects know they are participating in a study and have voluntarily chosen to participate. Public sociology refers to the practice of using sociological research, teaching, and service to reach a wider audience and to influence society


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