New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

POLS 1101, Week 4 Notes

by: Melanie Bagyi

POLS 1101, Week 4 Notes POLS 1101

Melanie Bagyi

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover the end of what we will need for Test 1. HOWEVER a study guide will be uploaded with all the material needed for the test!!
American Government
James Martinez
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in American Government

Popular in Political Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melanie Bagyi on Sunday September 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Kennesaw State University taught by James Martinez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at Kennesaw State University.


Reviews for POLS 1101, Week 4 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/11/16
POLS 1101 Notes cont… - from 1779 delegates think the U.S. should have a central government - 3 choices for a democratic government: 1.) confederation: central government vs. states (too weak) 2.) federal system: central government vs. states (“perfect”) 3.) unitary system: one undivided government (too strong) IV. The Articles of Confederation A) Major provisions: 1.) state sovereignty was paramount (most important) 2.) Congress could direct foreign affairs, BUT domestic affairs were left to the states 3.) no standing armies were allowed 4.) Congress DID NOT exercise exclusive power to print money 5.) Congress had few enforcement powers 6.) 9 of 13 states (3/4 majority) had to approve legislative measures 7.) unanimity was required to amend 8.) each state was responsible for its own Revolutionary War debt B) Positive features: 1.) a weak central government COULD NOT oppress its citizens 2.) states could exercise sovereignty 3.) the dream of rural, agrarian American “townships” was theoretically possible 4.) it highlighted the need for strong government C) Negative features: 1.) big states (VA, PA, NY) vs. small states (NJ, DE, southern states) became an issue 2.) “super-majorities” led to gridlock (= unresolved major issues; 50% + 1) 3.) each state was its own little nation 4.) the problem of economic growth V. The U.S. Constitution A) Prelude, part 1: The Annapolis Convention 1.) organized to discuss trade problems 2.) firmly embraced capitalist principles 3.) highlighted the need to fix the AOC 4.) a dress rehearsal for 1787 & made Madison (father of the Constitution) and Hamilton important figures - Montesquieu’s idea to have: legislative, executive and judicial branches B) Tipping point: Shays’s rebellion 1.) farmers is western MA were upset at farm foreclosures 2.) Daniel Shays led a mob to the Springfield armory to seize weapons (private militia supported by Benjamin Lincoln and mayor of MA) 3.) the state militia quelled the rebellion, but this highlighted the AOC’s weaknesses C) Virginia Plan vs. NJ Plan: 1.) Virginia: bicameral (= chamber) legislature power from individual unspecified executive; majority rule; Congress impeaches; national judiciary ratification by citizens 2.) NJ: unicameral legislature power from states executive committee; super- majority rule; states impeach; no national judiciary ratification by states - ultra vires: going beyond an individual’s authority - Edmond Randolph: he was asked to present plans to everyone - William Paterson: spoke on behalf of the people, who were upset by the Virginia Plan D) The Great Compromise aka “Connecticut Compromise” (Roger Sherman) 1.) Bicameral legislature a) The House of Representatives: proportional (favored big states) – 2 year terms in the People’s House b) The Senate: equal (favored small states) – 6 year terms in the Upper House 2.) Presidency a) a single chief executive with a 4 year term; eligible for reelection b) electoral college: - interposes electors between a demagogue & the electorate - # based on a state’s MOCs 3.) 3/5 compromise a) each slave was counted as 3/5 of a free white person for purposes of representation and taxation b) international slave trade was abolished after 1808 c) in 1790, 697 thousand people – 18% of the population – were slaves E) Final product: 4 principles 1.) Republicanism – people exercise power through elected representatives 2.) Federalism – the division of power between a central government & subunits 3.) Separation of Powers – make laws (legislative), enforce laws (executive), interpret laws (judiciary) 4.) Checks and Balances – veto legislation (executive), override executive veto (legislative), review legislative acts (judiciary)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.